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Hendon, Sunderland

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Title: Hendon, Sunderland  
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Hendon, Sunderland

Hendon

Hendon docks, 1969
Hendon is located in Tyne and Wear
Hendon
 Hendon shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 12,597 (2011.Ward)[1]
Metropolitan borough City of Sunderland
Metropolitan county Tyne and Wear
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUNDERLAND
Postcode district SR1
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Sunderland South
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

Hendon is an eastern area of the City of Sunderland in North East England, the location of much heavy industry and Victorian terraces and high-rise residential tower blocks.

Shipbuilding in Sunderland began in Hendon with the opening of a shipyard by Thomas Menvill in 1346.[2]

The old East End of Sunderland was home to barracks until the 1900s. They were located on the south side near the south docks, near present-day Warren Court (formerly known as Warren Street).[3] The first aluminium bascule bridge in the world, spans the junction of Hendon and Hudson Docks. It is a listed structure.[4]

The Victoria Hall Disaster occurred in the area on 16 June 1883 when 183 children died during a crush in a theatre, while running down the stairs in search of free toys. It remains the worst stampede disaster in British history.

The area was home to Sunderland AFC's first ground, The Blue House Field. The club was founded at the nearby Hendon Board School in 1879 by James Allen. Partly on its site now is the Raich Carter Sports Centre, named after a famous footballer born in the area.

Hendon contains the primary schools of Hudson Road and Valley Road. It is home to many shops along Villette Road such as Gregg's. Some main roads in Hendon are Villette Road, Commercial Road, Hendon Road, Gray Road, Mowbray Road and Hendon Valley Road. The "long streets" in Hendon (Cairo Street, Hastings Street, Canon Cockin Street, St Leonard's Street, Percy Terrace and Hunter Terrace) are very long compromising of rows of Terraced Houses and even stretching into a new area- Grangetown. A notable figure from Hendon was Jack Crawford, the British naval hero who nailed the Union Flag to the fallen mast during the Battle of Camperdown, to avoid insinuating surrender.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Sunderland Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/wear/content/articles/2008/01/16/shipbuilding_has_been_20_years_feature.shtml
  3. ^ Milburn, Geoffrey E.; Miller, S.T. (1989), Sunderland: River, Town and People, Thomas Reed Publications,  
  4. ^ It was destroyed by Sunderland council in the 70's sunderlandtoday.co.uk
  5. ^ http://www.thejournal.co.uk/news/north-east-news/sunderland-naval-here-jack-crawford-6271233

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