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House of Borghese

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House of Borghese

Borghese

Armorial of Borghese
Country Italy, Republic of Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Pontifical States, Kingdom of Naples
Titles
Founded 1266
Founder Tiezzo da Monticiano
Current head H.E. Prince Scipione Borghese, Prince Borghese, 14th Prince of Sulmona, 15th Prince of Rossano, etc. - (b. 1970) [1]

Borghese is the surname of a family of Siena, where they came to prominence in the 13th century holding offices under the commune. The head of the family, Marcantonio, moved to Rome in the 16th century and there, following the election (1605) of his son Camillo as Pope Paul V they rose in power and wealth. They were one of the leading families of the Black Nobility and maintain close ties to the Vatican.

Contents

  • Borghese (Borghesi) of Siena 1
  • Borghese of Rome 2
  • Notable members of the family 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5

Borghese (Borghesi) of Siena

The house originated with Tiezzo da Monticiano, a 13th-century wool merchant in Siena, whose nephew Borghese gave his name to the family. Among the important Sienese Borghese are:

Borghese of Rome

The head of the family, Marcantonio, moved to Rome in 1541 and this Sienese family rapidly gained access to the upper echelons of Roman society, culminating in the election (1605) of Marcantonio's son Camillo Borghese as Roman Campagna, increasing their wealth by their strategic control of their properties and a concerted policy of assuming monopolies of milling grain and the rights to run inns.

Paul V Burghesius Romanus name on St. Peter's Basilica

Thus the Borghese family rose still further in power and wealth. Many of Paul V's official inscriptions include ROMANUS after his name, to reinforce the family's new Roman connection. Scipione was a major patron of the arts, and the Villa Borghese).

Marcantonio II (1598–1658), son of Giambattista, was named prince of Sulmona in 1610 (Grandee of Spain of 1st class), again through Paul V's influence, in this case with Aldobrandini family legacy as well, though this right was only recognised in 1769 after protracted court battles. Along with Paolo's titles, Olimpia passed the title of prince of Rossano to their son Marcantonio III (1660–1729), who also became viceroy of Naples.

Musée du Louvre. On Napoleon's fall, he separated from Pauline and retired to private life in Florence, dying without issue.

Marcantonio IV's second son, prince Francesco Borghese-Aldobrandini (1776–1839), was also a general in the Napoleonic army, and inherited all Camillo's property.

Prince Peking to Paris Race with the journalist Luigi Barzini.

Fronte Nazionale. He fled to Spain in 1970 following accusations of his plotting a coup d'état.

There are 4 present branches of the Borghese family:

  • Borghese, descended from Marcantonio V, princes of Sulmona, Rossano, son of Francesco
  • Borghese-Aldobrandini, descended from Camillo, princes of Meldola, son of Francesco
  • Borghese-Salviati, descended from Scipione, dukes of Giuliano, son of Francesco
  • Borghese-Torlonia, Giulio (1847–1914), princes of Fucino, grandson of Francesco, married princess Anna Maria Torlonia

Notable members of the family

  • Camillo Borghese (1550–1621): became Pope Paul V (1605–1621)
  • Bernini, and nephew of Pope Paul V
  • Francesco Scipione Maria Borghese (1697–1759): cardinal
  • Marcantonio Borghese (1730–1800): rebuilt the Villa Borghese and its gardens
  • Camillo Filippo Ludovico Borghese (1775–1832): second husband of Pauline Bonaparte
  • Bonaparte (1780–1825): sister of Napoleon and wife of Camillo Borghese
  • Scipione Borghese (1871–1927): politician and explorer
  • Paolo Borghese (1904–1985): Duke of Bomarzo and husband of Marcella Borghese
  • Junio Valerio Borghese (1906–1974): Italian naval commander and politician
  • Marcella Borghese, née Fazi (1911–2002): cosmetics entrepreneur and wife of Paolo Borghese
  • Lorenzo Borghese (b. 1972): entrepreneur and television personality

References

  1. ^ Theroff's Gotha, with references to current, legitimate members of the princely family

Sources

  •  
  • Castello Di Borghese Castello Di Borghese, Vineyard and Winery, Cutchogue, New York
  • Original 1922 Almanach de Gotha (edited by Justice Perthes) entry for the Borghese family, link to the original universally-recognised genealogical reference document, with details of family honours
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