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Independent Administrative Institution


Independent Administrative Institution

An Incorporated Administrative Agency, or in lay terms Independent Administrative Corporation or Independent Administrative Institution (独立行政法人, Dokuritsu gyōsei hōjin or Dokugyo in abbreviation), is a type of legal body for organizations of the ministries and agencies of Japan.

Originally proposed by the Administrative Reform Council, the independent agencies are created based on the concept of separating the ministries and agencies of the government into planning functions and operation functions. Planning functions remain within government-based ministries and agencies while operating functions are transferred to the independent agencies.

Incorporated Administrative Agencies utilize management methods of private-sector corporations and are given considerable autonomy in their operations and how to use their given budgets. In April 2001, the government first designated 59 bodies as the independent agencies, among which were many research institutions and some museums.


  • Examples of the agencies 1
  • Notes and references 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5

Examples of the agencies

There are 98 agencies as of 1 April 2015.[2]

Notes and references

  1. ^ (Tentative translation),Act on General Rules for Incorporated Administrative Agencies Ministry of Justice (Japan)
  2. ^ 独立行政法人一覧(平成27年4月1日現在) [The list of Independent Administrative Agencies, as of Heisei 27 (2015), April 1] (pdf) (in Japanese).  


  • Independent Administrative Institution National Museum. (2005) Outline of the Independent Administrative Institution National Museum. Tokyo: Independent Administrative Institution National Museum Secretariat. OCLC: 71634675
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002). Benchmarking Industry-science Relationships. Paris: OECD Publishing. ISBN 978-92-64-19741-1 OCLC: 49642355

See also

External links

  • Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art (in Japanese)

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