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Indians in Madagascar

Indians in Madagascar
Total population
25,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Antananarivo
Languages
Hindi, Gujarati, French, English, Malagasy
Religion
Hinduism, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin, Desi

Indians in Madagascar form a community of roughly 25,000 individuals according to the statistics of India's Ministry of External Affairs; other estimates of their population range from 15,000 to 30,000. Among them are 867 non-resident Indians, with the rest being locally born descendants of early immigrants.[1][2] They form a minority ethnic group in Madagascar.

Contents

  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
    • Notes 3.1
    • Sources 3.2
  • Further reading 4

History

By the 1880s, a community of roughly 200 Indian traders had formed at Mahajanga, a port on the north-west coast of Madagascar, near Bombetoka Bay at the mouth of the Betsiboka River. Confusion arose over their legal status; they often declared themselves to be Malagasy subjects in order to evade the laws against slave-holding or the building of stone houses, both forbidden to British subjects, while their dhows, which they used to transport goods to and from the African mainland, flew French flags.[3] Initial arrivals were mainly Muslim Khojas, Ismailis and Daoudi Bohras, with some Hindus settling later.[4] The 1911 census found 4,480 Indians in the country, making them 21% of the total foreign population and the second-largest foreign population after the French.[5] Following the nationalisation of private businesses in the 1970s, many were compelled to leave; those who remained were largely uneducated, but stayed on and gradually built their businesses. By 2000, they were generally believed to control 50-60% of the country's economy, making them the target of demonstrators during periods of unrest.[6]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Singhvi 2000, p. 94
  2. ^ A. 2001
  3. ^ Oliver 1885, pp. 115, 206
  4. ^ Singhvi 2000, p. 105
  5. ^ Martin 1916, p. 906
  6. ^ Singhvi 2000, p. 106

Sources

Further reading

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