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Ingrid of Sweden

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Ingrid of Sweden

Ingrid of Sweden
Queen consort of Denmark
Tenure 20 April 1947 – 14 January 1972
Born (1910-03-28)28 March 1910
Stockholm, Sweden
Died 7 November 2000(2000-11-07) (aged 90)
Denmark
Burial Roskilde Cathedral
Spouse Frederick IX of Denmark
(m. 1935–1972; his death)
Issue Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark
Princess Benedikte
Anne-Marie, Queen of the Hellenes
House House of Bernadotte
Father Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
Mother Princess Margaret of Connaught

Ingrid of Sweden (Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta; 28 March 1910 – 7 November 2000) was Queen of Denmark from 1947 until 1972 as the wife of King Frederick IX.

Born into the House of Bernadotte, she was the daughter of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife Princess Margaret of Connaught. She was the mother of Margrethe II, the present Queen of Denmark, Princess Benedikte of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece, the wife of King Constantine II. She was also an aunt of the present King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Marriage 2
  • Crown Princess 3
  • Queen consort 4
  • Death 5
  • Issue 6
  • Titles, styles and honours 7
    • Titles 7.1
    • Honours 7.2
      • National honours 7.2.1
      • Foreign honours 7.2.2
  • Arms 8
  • Ancestry 9
  • Notes and references 10
    • Bibliography 10.1
  • External links 11

Early life

Princess Ingrid (far right) with her father, mother and three brothers in 1912.

Princess Ingrid was born on 28 March 1910, at the Royal Palace in Stockholm as the third child and only daughter of Gustaf Adolf, Crown Prince of Sweden and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught. Her father was the eldest son of King Gustaf V of Sweden by his wife, Princess Victoria of Baden. Her mother was a daughter of Queen Victoria's third son Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn by his wife Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia.

She was baptised Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta in Slottskyrkan (the Royal Chapel) in Stockholm, Sweden on 5 May 1910. Her godparents were: her paternal grandparents, The Prince of Wales.[1]

The family lived in apartments in the Royal Palace in Stockholm, in a mansion at Ulriksdal, near the capital, and in a summer residence, Sofiero Castle in Scania in southern Sweden.[2] In 1920, when Ingrid was just ten years old, her mother died from meningitis while in the eighth month of her sixth pregnancy. Her father married Lady Louise Mountbatten three years later. Louise was a second cousin of Ingrid's. Only a stillborn daughter resulted from her father's second marriage.

Ingrid was raised to a sense of duty and seriousness. She was well educated and interested in sports, especially horse-riding, skiing and tennis. She also got her driver's licence early.

Marriage

Ingrid and her future husband, Crown Prince Frederick as a newly engaged couple in 1935.
The newly married royal couple at their arrival in Copenhagen in 1935.

The question of Ingrid's marriage was a hot topic of conversation in the 1920's. She was matched with various foreign royalties and was seen by some as a possible wife for the heir-apparent to the British throne, the

Ingrid of Sweden
Born: 28 March 1910 Died: 7 November 2000
Danish royalty
Preceded by
Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Queen consort of Denmark
1947–1972
Succeeded by
Henri Laborde de Monpezat
as prince consort
  • Queen Ingrid at the website of the Amalienborg Palace
  • Queen Ingrid Exhibition at the Amalienborg Palace
  • Obituary in The Telegraph, 8 November 2000

External links

  • http://www.kvinfo.dk/side/597/bio/648/origin/170/ (In Danish)
  • Staffan Skott: Alla dessa Bernadottar (All of the Bernadottes) (1996) (In Swedish)

Bibliography

  1. ^ Roger Lundgren, Ingrid, Prinsesse af Sverige, Dronning af Danmark, People's Press, 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Queen Ingrid of Denmark". Daily Telegraph. 8 November 2000. 
  3. ^ "Historical documents - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". info.dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Historical documents - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". info.dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Börge Outze & Aage Svendstorp (in Swedish): 5 år i bojor. Danmark under ockupationen 1940–1945 (5 years in chains. Denmark during the occupation) Aktiebolaget boktryck (1945) Hälsingborg
  6. ^ "Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon - Ingrid". kvinfo.dk. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Danish Queen Mother dies, BBC, 7 November 2000, retrieved 22 August 2013 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Blogspot, Queen Ingrid's Decorations on show
  9. ^ "Image: a-ing-13-1928-18+years+old+court+robe+stckh.jpg, (1165 × 1600 px)". 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Image: 2395221069_67b9a4e885_o.jpg, (300 × 472 px)". 1.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=33456&d=1072729066". theroyalforums.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "ROYALTY AND POMP (THE WEDDING H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden...)". royaltyandpomp.tumblr.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "realm3/denmark/introduction". angelfire.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 134. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "ROYALTY AND POMP (THE QUEENS HH.MM. Queen Fabiola of The Belgians...)". royaltyandpomp.tumblr.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "Image: 6305387067_35cb7ef232_z.jpg, (508 × 512 px)". c1.staticflickr.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  17. ^ "Image: Ingrid_et_Victoria-Eugenie_-_Athene.jpg, (642 × 1024 px)". i174.photobucket.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "Image: tumblr_n1vm904L7W1r6jme9o1_500.jpg, (500 × 427 px)". 41.media.tumblr.com. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Image: 1.JPG, (1411 × 1600 px)". 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  20. ^ "Image: EMIR+QATAR+INGRID+DINAMARCA.JPG, (514 × 435 px)". 4.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  21. ^ "Onorificenze - Dettaglio del conferimento". quirinale.it. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "Image: b556005ac6de741e6a81f4a3e933c7ca.jpg, (237 × 324 px)". media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  23. ^ http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/1980/04/24/pdfs/A08890-08890.pdf Boletín Oficial del Estado
  24. ^ "Image: cad247a649718c94a4c17f19d35fe1e9.jpg, (590 × 588 px)". media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 

Notes and references

Ancestry

Marital arms of Queen Ingrid of Denmark
Royal Monogram of Queen Ingrid of Denmark
Ingrid's Arms as displayed in the Hillerød

Arms

Foreign honours

National honours

Honours

  • 28 March 1910 – 24 May 1935: Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  • 24 May 1935 – 20 April 1947: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Denmark
  • 20 April 1947 – 14 January 1972: Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark
  • 14 January 1972 – 7 November 2000: Her Majesty Queen Ingrid of Denmark

Titles

Personal Standard of Queen Ingrid, introduced in 1948 and used until her death in 2000.

Titles, styles and honours

Issue

. President of Finland, the Mauno Koivisto and President of Iceland, the Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, Hereditary Prince of Monaco, Prince of Wales, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and Grand Duke, Queen of the Belgians and King, Queen of Norway and King, Queen of the Netherlands, Queen of Spain, Queen of Sweden and King. The funeral was attended by many crowned heads of Europe and other heads of state, among them the Copenhagen near Roskilde Cathedral, outside King Frederick IX Her funeral took place on 14 November 2000, and Ingrid was interred next to her husband, [7] Queen Ingrid died on 7 November 2000 at

The grave of King Frederick and Queen Ingrid at Roskilde

Death

She was patron of a long line of social organizations, positions which, one after another, she eventually left to Princess Benedikte as years passed: Røde Kors, Ældre Sagen, Red Barnet, Løgum Klosters Refugium, and Fonden for Træer og Miljø. She also founded the organizations Kong Frederik og Dronning Ingrids fond til humanitære og kulturelle formål, Ingridfondet for South Jutland, Det kgl. Grønlandsfond, and Dronning Ingrids Romerske Fond til støtte af kulturelle og videnskabelige formål. She was described as dutiful, well-prepared and energetic. She learned Danish quickly. She was also a feminist [6] and felt strongly for gender equality.

In 1972, Ingrid was widowed. That same year, after having sworn to respect the Danish constitution, she was appointed Rigsforstander (formal Regent) and representative of the Monarch whenever her daughter (and later her grandsons) were absent, a task she performed on many occasions. This was exceptional; since the constitution of 1871, only the Crown Prince had been allowed to act as Regent in the absence of the Monarch.

She became the Queen of Denmark upon her husband's accession to the throne on 20 April 1947. As such, she reformed the traditions of Danish court life, abolished many old-fashioned customs at court and created a more relaxed atmosphere at official receptions. She was interested in gardening and art, and renovated the Gråsten Slot according to her own historical research about the Palace's original appearance.

Ingrid at a ship christening in 1983.
King Frederick IX and Queen Ingrid in the 1950s.

Queen consort

As a Crown Princess, she was the Official Patron of the Amalienborg, the royal residence in the centre of Copenhagen.

Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Ingrid on 9 May 1945, leaving Copenhagen after the first opening of Parliament following the end of Nazi Germany's occupation of Denmark.
Crown Princess Ingrid.

Crown Princess

On 15 March 1935, shortly before her 25th birthday, she was engaged to Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and Iceland. They were related in several ways. As descendants of Oscar I of Sweden, they were third cousins. Through Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were third cousins. And finally through Paul I of Russia, Frederick was a fourth cousin of Ingrid's mother. They married in Stockholm Cathedral on 24 May 1935. Among the wedding guests were the King and Queen of Denmark, the King and Queen of Belgium and the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway. Her wedding was one of the greatest media events of the day in Sweden in 1935, and received so much attention that the media were criticised for it. Ingrid also appeared on the radio in 1935 and read a poem, something which was also given much attention.

[4]

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