World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Interstate 676

Interstate 676 marker

Interstate 676
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-76 (east)
Maintained by PennDOT, NJDOT, and DRPA
Length: 6.90 mi[1] (11.10 km)
Existed: 1964[2] – present
History: Completed in 1991[3]
Major junctions
West end: I-76 / US 30 in Philadelphia, PA
  PA 611 in Philadelphia, PA
I-95 in Philadelphia, PA
US 30 in Camden, NJ
South end: I‑76 in Gloucester City, NJ
Highway system
PA 672 PA PA 680
Route 495 NJ I‑695

Interstate 676 (abbreviated I-676) is an Interstate Highway that serves as a major thoroughfare through Center City Philadelphia, where it is known as the Vine Street Expressway, and Camden, New Jersey, where it is known as the northern segment of the North–South Freeway, as well as the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Highway. Its western terminus is at I-76 in Philadelphia near the Philadelphia Museum of Art and Fairmount Park. From there it heads east and is then routed on surface streets near Franklin Square and Independence Mall, home of the Liberty Bell, before crossing the Ben Franklin Bridge. On the New Jersey side of the bridge, the highway heads south to its southern terminus at I-76 in Gloucester City near the Walt Whitman Bridge. Between the western terminus and downtown Camden, I-676 is concurrent with U.S. Route 30 (US 30).

After World War II, freeway approaches were planned for both sides of the Ben Franklin Bridge, which was completed in 1926 and served as a part of US 30. In Pennsylvania, the Vine Street Expressway was planned to run along the northern edge of Center City Philadelphia to the Schuylkill River, while in New Jersey, the North-South Freeway was to head south along the Route 42 corridor. When the Interstate Highway System was created in the 1950s, this stretch of highway was a part of I-80S, with Interstate 680 continuing on the Schuylkill Expressway to the Walt Whitman Bridge. In 1964, the designations became I-76 and I-676, respectively, and in 1972 the two routes were switched onto their current alignments. I-676 in New Jersey was completed between I-76 and Morgan Boulevard by 1960 and north of there to downtown Camden by the 1980s. The Vine Street Expressway was opened from the Schuylkill Expressway to 18th Street by 1960 and east of there to I-95 on January 10, 1991 after several obstacles to construction. However, there are grade-level intersections in the connections between the Vine Street Expressway and the Ben Franklin Bridge.

Contents

  • Route description 1
    • Pennsylvania 1.1
    • New Jersey 1.2
  • History 2
  • Exit list 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Route description

Lengths
  mi km
PA 2.15[1] 3.44
NJ 4.75[4] 7.65

Pennsylvania

A split in a freeway with two green signs over the road. The left sign reads Interstate 95 Trenton Chester with two downward arrows and the right sign reads east Interstate 676 east U.S. Route 30 Ben Franklin Bridge upper right arrow exit only.
I-676 splits from the Vine Street Expressway

I-676 begins at an interchange with the Schuylkill Expressway (I-76 and US 30) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, heading to the east on the six-lane Vine Street Expressway concurrent with US 30. It immediately crosses the Schuylkill River on the Vine Street Expressway Bridge and comes to an interchange with 23rd Street and 22nd Street and the Ben Franklin Parkway that has access to the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Franklin Institute.[5][6] From this point, the Vine Street Expressway enters a depressed road cut and passes under several streets, running along the northern edge of Center City Philadelphia.[6] Vine Street serves as a frontage road to the freeway at street level.[5][6] Within this alignment, there is an exit for PA 611 (Broad Street).[5] After passing under 10th Street in Chinatown, the last street the depressed alignment passes under, the highway rises up and reaches a split between the Vine Street Expressway, which continues to I-95, and I-676/US 30.[5][6] At this split, there is also an eastbound exit and westbound entrance for 8th Street.[5] After exiting the Vine Street Expressway, eastbound I-676/US 30 has a brief at-grade portion along southbound 6th Street to the Ben Franklin Bridge approach, an example of a non–limited access section of Interstate Highway.[5][6] Westbound I-676/US 30 has a ramp from the bridge to the Vine Street Expressway that intersects 7th Street and 8th Street at-grade.[5] From this point, I-676/US 30 crosses over the Delaware River on the seven-lane Ben Franklin Bridge, which also carries pedestrians and the PATCO Speedline.[5][6] This bridge and its approaches are maintained by the Delaware River Port Authority.[4]

New Jersey

A multilane freeway surrounded by trees with three green signs over the road. The left sign reads exit 2 Interstate 76 west Walt Whitman Bridge Philadelphia toll upper left arrow E-ZPass, the middle sign reads exit 1A north U.S. Route 130 south Route 168 Camden Trenton 1/2 mile, and the right sign reads exits 1C-B Collings Avenue Gloucester Collingswood 1/4 mile.
I-676 in Camden, New Jersey approaching southern terminus at I-76

A multilane freeway surrounded by trees with three green signs over the road. The left sign reads exit 2 Interstate 76 west Walt Whitman Bridge Philadelphia toll upper left arrow E-ZPass, the middle sign reads exit 1A north U.S. Route 130 south Route 168 Camden Trenton 1/2 mile, and the right sign reads exits 1C-B Collings Avenue Gloucester Collingswood 1/4 mile.
After crossing the bridge, the freeway enters the downtown area of
  • I-676 on Pennsylvania Highways
  • I-676 on NorthEastRoads.com
  • I-676 on Interstate-Guide.com
  • Vine Street Expressway (I-676) on PhillyRoads.com
  • Interstate 676 (New Jersey) on PhillyRoads.com
  • Interstate 680 - Kurumi.com

External links

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b
  15. ^ a b
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007, Toggle Measure Tool. Accessed on 2007-06-06.

References

See also

State County Location mi[4][23] km Exit Destinations Notes
Pennsylvania Philadelphia Philadelphia 0.00 0.00 Philadelphia International Airport Western terminus of concurrency with US 30; exit 344 on I-76; to Fairmount Park, Philadelphia Zoo, 30th Street Station
Vine Street Expressway Bridge over the Schuylkill River
0.41 0.66 Ben Franklin Parkway / 23rd Street
0.78 1.26 PA 611 (Broad Street) – Central Philadelphia
1.43 2.30 8th Street south – Chinatown, Market East At-grade intersection westbound
1.47 2.37 I-95 – Chester, Philadelphia International Airport, Trenton Exit 22 on I-95; to Penn's Landing
To PA 611 / Vine Street – Pennsylvania Convention Center Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.86 2.99 6th Street south – Independence Hall, Penn's Landing At-grade intersection
5th Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Delaware River
(PANJ state line)
2.15
4.75
3.46
7.64
Benjamin Franklin Bridge
(Westbound toll, Cash or E-ZPass)
New Jersey Camden Camden 3.84 6.18 5B 6th Street, Broadway – Downtown Camden, Rutgers University No exit number southbound
3.50 5.63 US 30 east to US 130 / N.J. Turnpike – Cherry Hill, Trenton Southern terminus of concurrency with US 30; northbound exit is via exit 5A
3.37 5.42 5B Market Street (CR 537) – Downtown Camden, Adventure Aquarium Southbound exit only
3.28 5.28 5A To US 30 (Matin Luther King Boulevard) – Campbell Place, Waterfront No northbound entrance; to Cooper University Hospital
2.27 3.65 4 Kaighns Avenue (CR 607) / Atlantic Avenue
1.14 1.83 3 Broadway (Port Terminals
0.36 0.58 1 Collings Avenue (CR 630) – Gloucester City, Collingswood Signed as exits 1B (east) and 1C (west) southbound
0.32 0.51 2 I‑76 west (Walt Whitman Bridge) – Philadelphia Southbound exit and northbound entrance; exit 354 on I-76
0.22 0.35 1A US 130 north / Route 168 south (Route 76C) – Camden, Trenton Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Gloucester City 0.00 0.00 I‑76 east to I‑295 to Route 42 – Atlantic City, Delaware Memorial Bridge Exit 2 on I-76
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Exit list

There were several challenges in building the Vine Street Expressway between 18th Street and the Ben Franklin Bridge. The road was to run through developed areas of Philadelphia, intersecting several streets and railroad lines. In addition, the route was to run through Franklin Square, a historically sensitive site, to connect to the Ben Franklin Bridge. As a result, the routing was modified in 1966 to avoid many of these obstacles. The route was to avoid running through Franklin Square, leading to the eastbound direction using surface streets to access the Ben Franklin Bridge, and a planned connector to Market Street was removed.[18] In the 1970s, the proposed freeway’s environmental impact statement had to be evaluated again per new guidelines; when the new environmental impact statement was issued in 1977, it was found that more improvements were needed for mass transit in the area of the planned freeway.[19] To comply with this, provisions were made concerning the proposed underground Center City Commuter Connection for SEPTA Regional Rail, in which the railroad tracks would pass under I-676 and residences would be built over the railroad tunnel in Chinatown.[20] Construction was approved in 1986 on the Vine Street Expressway from 18th Street to the Ben Franklin Bridge, with no provisions for elevated connections between the Ben Franklin Bridge and the Vine Street Expressway to avoid disturbing Franklin Square.[21][22] This portion of the Vine Street Expressway opened to traffic on January 10, 1991, completing I-676.[3]

[17] When the

The Ben Franklin Bridge was opened on July 1, 1926 and was designated to carry US 30 across the Delaware River.[7][8] A parkway called the Camden-Atlantic City Parkway was planned in 1932 to connect the Ben Franklin Bridge southeast to Atlantic City; this was never built.[9] After World War II, freeway connections were planned on both sides of the Ben Franklin Bridge. In Philadelphia, the Vine Street Expressway was planned to run along the Vine Street corridor to the present-day Schuylkill Expressway in 1945.[10] The North-South Freeway was proposed in New Jersey as a connection from the bridge south along the Route 42 corridor.[11] In 1950, the city of Philadelphia began planning the construction of the Vine Street Expressway, which would run along a depressed alignment through the city.[12]

Vine Street Expressway approaching western terminus at the Schuylkill Expressway.

History

[6][4].Gloucester City. The North-South Freeway becomes a part of I-76 past this interchange and continues into Route 168 and US 130, the latter being an access road to Route 76C with I-76, CR 630, and Walt Whitman Bridge Here, I-676 ends at an interchange east of the [4]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.