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Jean Borotra

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Title: Jean Borotra  
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Subject: Henri Cochet, René Lacoste, Jack Crawford (tennis), Frank Sedgman, Lew Hoad
Collection: 1898 Births, 1994 Deaths, Australian Championships (Tennis) Champions, Commandeurs of the Légion D'Honneur, French Championships (Tennis) Champions, French Male Tennis Players, French Social Party Politicians, French-Basque People, Grand Slam (Tennis) Champions in Men's Doubles, Grand Slam (Tennis) Champions in Men's Singles, Grand Slam (Tennis) Champions in Mixed Doubles, International Tennis Hall of Fame Inductees, Medalists at the 1924 Summer Olympics, Olympic Bronze Medalists for France, Olympic Medalists in Tennis, Olympic Tennis Players of France, Order of the Francisque Recipients, People from Biarritz, People of Vichy France, Recipients of the Croix De Guerre 1914–1918 (France), Recipients of the Croix De Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Recipients of the Médaille De La Résistance, Recipients of the Resistance Medal, Tennis Players at the 1924 Summer Olympics, United States National Champions (Tennis), Wimbledon Champions (Pre-Open Era)
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Jean Borotra

Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra, the "Bounding Basque", in 1931
Full name Jean Laurent Robert Borotra
Country (sports)  France
Born (1898-08-13)13 August 1898
Biarritz, France
Died 17 July 1994(1994-07-17) (aged 95)
Arbonne, France
Height 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)
Turned pro 1920 (amateur tour)
Retired 1956
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF 1976 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 2 (1926, A. Wallis Myers)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1931)
Wimbledon W (1924, 1926)
US Open F (1926)
Other tournaments
WHCC SF (1922)
WCCC F (1922)
Olympic Games SF – 4th (1924)
Doubles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1925)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1925, 1928, 1929, 1934, 1936)
Wimbledon W (1925, 1932, 1933)
Mixed doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1927, 1934)
Wimbledon W (1925)
US Open W (1926)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932)

Jean Robert Borotra (French pronunciation: ​, Basque pronunciation: ; 13 August 1898 – 17 July 1994) was a French tennis champion. He was one of the famous "Four Musketeers" from his country who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

Contents

  • Career 1
  • Grand Slam finals 2
    • Singles: 10 (4 titles, 6 runners-up) 2.1
    • Doubles: 12 (9 titles – 3 runners-up) 2.2
    • Mixed doubles: 5 titles 2.3
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Career

Borotra was born in Domaine du Pouy, Biarritz, Aquitaine and married an English woman.

Known as "the Bounding Basque", he won four Grand Slam singles titles in the French, Australian, and All England championships. The 1924 French Championship does not count towards his grand slam total as the French was only open to French nationals, not internationals. He, only failing to win only in the American championships, as he was defeated in the final by his countryman René Lacoste 6–4, 6–0, 6–4, thus missing a career Grand Slam. His 1924 Wimbledon victory made him the first player from outside the English-speaking world to win the tournament. His first appearance was in the French Davis Cup team of 1921. He also made the final of the World Covered Court Championship in 1922, losing to Henri Cochet but won the doubles and mixed doubles. The other major he did well in was the World Hard Court Championships (played on clay) - he won the doubles with Henri Cochet there in 1922.

Borotra was ranked as high as World No. 2 by A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph in 1926.[1]

A member of François de la Rocque's Parti social français (PSF), he became 1st General Commissioner to Sports from August 1940 to April 1942 during Vichy France, leading the Révolution nationale‍ '​s efforts in sports policy.

Arrested by the Gestapo in November 1942, Borotra was deported to a concentration camp in Germany and then Itter Castle in North Tyrol until May 1945. He was freed from the castle after the Battle for Castle Itter, which he played a courageous role vaulting from the fortress and running to a nearby town to summon reinforcements.[2]

The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1976. In 1984, Borotra received a Distinguished Service award from the United States Sports Academy in recognition of his achievements.

On 17 July 1994, Jean Borotra, founder and president of honour of the CIFP (International Committee for Fair Play) died at the age of 95, after a short illness. He was buried at Arbonne.[3]

The International Fair Play Committee, which recognises achievements annually, awards a Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy.

Grand Slam finals

Singles: 10 (4 titles, 6 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1924 Wimbledon Grass René Lacoste 6–1, 3–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1925 French Championships Clay René Lacoste 5–7, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1925 Wimbledon Grass René Lacoste 3–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–8
Winner 1926 Wimbledon Grass Howard Kinsey 8–6, 6–1, 6–3
Runner-up 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass René Lacoste 4–6, 0–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1927 Wimbledon Grass Henri Cochet 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6, 5–7
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass Jack Cummings 6–4, 6–1, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3
Runner-up 1929 French Championships Clay René Lacoste 3–6, 6–2, 0–6, 6–2, 6–8
Runner-up 1929 Wimbledon Grass Henri Cochet 4–6, 3–6, 4–6
Winner 1931 French Championships Clay Christian Boussus 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–4

Doubles: 12 (9 titles – 3 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1925 French Championships Clay René Lacoste Henri Cochet
Jacques Brugnon
7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Grass René Lacoste John Hennesey
Raymond Casey
6–4, 11–9, 4–6, 1–6, 6–3
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass Jacques Brugnon Gar Moon
Jim Willard
6–2, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 1927 French Championships Clay René Lacoste Henri Cochet
Jacques Brugnon
6–2, 2–6, 0–6, 6–1, 4–6
Winner 1928 French Championships Clay Jacques Brugnon Henri Cochet
Ren De Buzelet
6–4, 3–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 1929 French Championships Clay René Lacoste Henri Cochet
Jacques Brugnon
6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 8–6
Winner 1932 Wimbledon Grass Jacques Brugnon Pat Hughes
Fred Perry
6–0, 4–6, 3–6, 7–5, 7–5
Winner 1933 Wimbledon Grass Jacques Brugnon Ryosuki Nunoi
Jiro Satoh
4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 7–5
Winner 1934 French Championships Clay Jacques Brugnon Jack Crawford
Vivian McGrath
11–9, 6–3, 2–6, 4–6, 9–7
Runner-up 1934 Wimbledon Grass Jacques Brugnon George Lott
Lester Stoefen
2–6, 3–6, 4–6
Winner 1936 French Championships Clay Marcel Bernard Pat Hughes
Charles Tuckey
6–2, 3–6, 9–7, 6–1
Runner-up 1939 French Championships Clay Jacques Brugnon Don McNeill
Charles Harris
6–4, 4–6, 0–6, 6–2, 8–10

Mixed doubles: 5 titles

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Grass Suzanne Lenglen Elizabeth Ryan
Uberto de Morpurgo
6–3, 6–3
Winner 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass Elizabeth Ryan Hazel Hotchkiss
René Lacoste
6–4, 7–5
Winner 1927 French Championships Clay Marguerite Broquedis Lilí Álvarez
Bill Tilden
6–4, 2–6, 6–2
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass Daphne Akhurst Esna Boyd
Jack Hawkes
default
Winner 1934 French Championships Clay Colette Rosambert Elizabeth Ryan
Adrian Quist
6–2, 6–4

References

  1. ^ a b United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 424.
  2. ^ Mayer, John G. (26 May 1945). "12th Men Free French Big-Wigs". Hellcat News (12th Armored Division). 
  3. ^ Christopher Clarey (18 July 1994). "'"Jean Borotra Is Dead at 95; One of Tennis's '4 Musketeers.  

External links

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