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Jola languages

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Title: Jola languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Senegal, Jola-Fonyi language, Jola languages, Bayot language, The Gambia
Collection: Jola Languages, Languages of Senegal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jola languages

The Gambia, Senegal (esp. Casamance) and Guinea Bissau
Linguistic classification: Niger–Congo
  • Bayot
  • Jola proper
Glottolog: nucl1345  (Nuclear Jola)[1]
bayo1255  (Bayot)[2]

Jola or Diola is a dialect cluster spoken in Senegal, the Gambia, and Guinea Bissau. It belongs to the Bak branch of the Niger–Congo language family.


  • Languages 1
    • Bayot 1.1
  • References 2
  • External links 3


The primary branches of Jola proper and to some extent Central Jola are not mutually intelligible. The main varieties are:


Bayot, spoken around Ziguinchor, is grammatically Jola apart from a non-Jola pronominal system, but maybe half its vocabulary is non-Jola and even non-Atlantic. It may therefore be a language isolate with substantial Jola borrowing (relexification). In any case it is clearly distinct from (other) Jola languages.


  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • Kujamaat Jóola Folklore and Language materials

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