World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

José Batlle y Ordoñez

Article Id: WHEBN0000882041
Reproduction Date:

Title: José Batlle y Ordoñez  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Government-owned corporation, Liberal Party (Uruguay), Alfeo Brum, List of Ministers of Education and Culture (Uruguay)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

José Batlle y Ordoñez

This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Batlle and the second or maternal family name is Ordóñez.
José Batlle y Ordoñez
José Batlle y Ordoñez
President of Uruguay
In office
1903–1907
Preceded by Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
Succeeded by Claudio Williman
President of Uruguay
In office
1911–1915
Preceded by Claudio Williman
Succeeded by Feliciano Viera
Personal details
Born (1856-05-01)May 1, 1856
Montevideo, Uruguay
Died October 20, 1929(1929-10-20) (aged 73)
Montevideo, Uruguay
Nationality Uruguayan
Political party Colorado Party
Spouse(s) Matilde Pacheco
Children César
Rafael
Lorenzo
Amalia Ana
Ana Amalia
Occupation Journalist
Religion Agnostic
Part of a series on the
History of Uruguay
Early History
Charrúa people
British invasions
Federal League
Cisplatina
Thirty-Three Orientals
Treaty of Montevideo
Independent State
Civil War
Paraguayan War
Revolution of the Lances
Battle of Masoller
20th Century
Batllism
1933 coup d'etat
Neo-Batllism
Military Regime
Tupamaros
1973 coup d'etat
Civic-military dictatorship (1973-1985)
Modern Uruguay
Mercosur
Elections in Uruguay
Politics of Uruguay
Uruguay portal

José Pablo Torcuato Batlle y Ordóñez (May 21, 1856 – October 20, 1929) was the president of Uruguay in 1899 (interim) and from 1903 until 1907 and for a further term from 1911 to 1915. He was the son of former president, Lorenzo Batlle y Grau. His children César, Rafael and Lorenzo Batlle Pacheco were actively engaged in politics. He was also the uncle of another Uruguayan president, Luis Batlle Berres and the great-uncle of the ex-president, Jorge Batlle.

He and his family are some of the most prominent members of the Colorado Party. He was a prominent journalist, who founded El Día in 1886. As president, Battle presided over the passage of a wide range of reforms in areas such as social security and working conditions.

Economy

During Batlle's second term, he began a new movement and referred to as Batllismo: concerted state action against foreign economic imperialism. During this time he fought for such things as unemployment compensation (1914), eight-hour workdays (1915), and universal suffrage.

All of this brought a great government involvement into the economy. Private monopolies were turned into government monopolies and tariffs were imposed on foreign products, including machinery and raw material imports. The growth of the meat processing industry stimulated the livestock industry, Uruguay's main source of wealth.

Education

Education started a process of great expansion since the mid-to-late 19th century. It became the key to success for the middle class community. The state approved free high school education and created more high schools through the country. The university was also opened to women, and the enrollment increased throughout the country.

President of Uruguay

First term

In 1904 Batlle's government forces successfully ended the intermittent Uruguayan Civil War which had persisted for many years, when the opposing National leader Aparicio Saravia was killed at the battle of Masoller. Without their leader, Saravia's followers abandoned their fight, starting a period of relative peace.

During Batlle y Ordóñez's term in office, religion became a major focus. Uruguay banned crucifixes in hospitals by 1906, and eliminated references to God and the Gospel in public oaths. Divorce laws were also established during this time. He led Uruguay's delegation to the Second Hague Conference and was noted for his peace proposals there.[1]

Second term

In 1913, Batlle proposed a reorganization of the government which would replace the presidency by a nine-member National Council of Administration, similar to the Swiss Federal Council. A variant of this proposal was implemented in 1919.

Post-presidency

In 1920 Batlle killed Washington Beltrán Barbat, a National Party deputy, in a formal duel that stemmed from vitriolic editorials published in Batlle's 'El Día' newspaper and Beltrán's 'El País'.[2] His son Washington Beltrán would become President of Uruguay. He also served twice as Chairman of the National Council of Administration (1921-1923, 1927-1928).

Legacy

A public park and a neighbourhood in Montevideo are named after him.

There is also a town in Lavalleja Department named after him.

See also

References

External links

  • Batlle y Ordóñez and the Modern State
  • Batllism
  • Reforms in the era of Battlism
  • Batlle y Ordóñez and the Modern State
Preceded by
Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
President of Uruguay
Acting

1899
Succeeded by
Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
Preceded by
Juan Lindolfo Cuestas
President of Uruguay
1903–1907
Succeeded by
Claudio Wílliman
Preceded by
Claudio Wílliman
President of Uruguay
1911–1915
Succeeded by
Feliciano Viera

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.