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Joseph-Marie Martin

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Joseph-Marie Martin

Styles of
Joseph-Marie Martin
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Rouen (emeritus)

Joseph-Marie Martin (9 August 1891 – 21 January 1976) was a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Rouen from 1948 to 1971, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1965.

Biography

Joseph-Marie-Eugene Martin was born and baptised in Orléans. He later dropped the name "Eugene". He studied at the seminary in Bordeaux before serving in the French Army during World War I, during which he was seriously wounded. Martin was ordained to the priesthood on 18 December 1920, and then did pastoral work in the Archdiocese of Bordeaux until 1940. He was vicar general of Bordeaux from 1937 to 1940 as well.

On 9 February 1940, Martin was appointed Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 2 April from Archbishop Maurice Feltin, with Bishops Clément Mathieu and Louis Liagre serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of Bordeaux. Martin was later promoted to Archbishop of Rouen on 11 October 1948, and attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962–65.

Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Priest of S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia in the consistory of 22 February 1965. Cardinal Martin believed that the reaction of conservative Catholics to the introduction of the vernacular to the Mass could possibly result in a schism.[1] He resigned as Archbishop on 29 May 1968, after nineteen years, and lost the right to participate in a papal conclave upon reaching the age of eighty on 9 August 1971.

Joseph-Marie Cardinal Martin died in Rouen, aged 84, and was interred in the metropolitan cathedral of Rouen.

References

External links

  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
  • Catholic-Hierarchy
Preceded by
Norbert-Georges-Pierre Rousseau
Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay
1940–1948
Succeeded by
Joseph-Marie-Jean-Baptiste Chappe
Preceded by
Pierre-André-Charles Petit de Julleville
Archbishop of Rouen
1948–1968
Succeeded by
André Pailler

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