World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kalutara

Article Id: WHEBN0011759776
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kalutara  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of football clubs in Sri Lanka, Coastal Line (Sri Lanka), Tillakaratne Dilshan, Negombo, Chaminda Ruwan
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kalutara

Kalutara
කළුතර
களுத்துறை
Town
Kalutara is located in Sri Lanka
Kalutara
Kalutara
Coordinates:
Province Western Province
Government
 • Type Urban Council
Population
 • Total 39,700
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)
 • Summer (DST) Summer time (UTC+6)

Kalutara (Sinhala: කළුතර, Tamil: களுத்துறை) or Kalutota is a large town in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is also the third largest urban area in Western Province after Colombo and Negombo. Kalutara is a scenic resort town. It is also the administrative capital of Kalutara District. It is located approximately 40 km (25 mi) south of the capital Colombo.

Etymology

Once an important spice-trading center, the town's name is derived from the Kalu Ganga River ('Black River' in native Sinhala). In the 11th Century, the town was temporarily made a capital on the orders of a South Indian Prince. The region was later planted with coconut trees, whose by-products are used for both internal and external trade. The location also boast fortifications dating back from the times when Portuguese, Dutch and British vied for control of the area.

The 38 m (125 ft) long Kalutara Bridge was built at the mouth of the Kalu Ganga River and serves as a major link between the country's western and southern border.

Administration

Kalutara is governed by an Urban Council with a chairman. The council has 11 members, elected by the local government election. The local board of Kalutara was established in 1878. Then in 1923, the local board was succeeded by the Urban District Council.

Attractions

  • Kalutara or Gangatilaka Vihara built in the 1960s to the south of the Kalutara Bridge, is Kalutara’s most dominant landmark. The white 3 storeys-high dagoba at Kalutara Vihara is believed to be the only Buddha Stupa in the world which is entirely hollow. It contains a smaller dagoba inside. The interior of the Stupa is decorated with paintings of the Jataka tales about the life of the Buddha.
  • Kaultara Bodhiya is one of the most famous sacred and devotional Buddha Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka. It is one of the 32 saplings of Anuradhapura Sri Maha Bodiya. Kalutara Bodiya is located on Colombo-Galle road.
  • Richmond Castle a two storey mansion, built in 1896, at Palatota. Richmond Castle is a 42-acre fruit garden estate, originally built for a wealthy regional governor. The architecture is a mix of British and Indian styles, copied from the plans of an Indian Maharaja’s palace designed by a London architect. The entire building is characterized by intricate carvings.
  • Calido beach is a popular beach among tourists due to its natural beauty and scenic views. It is a thin strip of preserved land which runs between the Kalu River and the Indian Ocean.
Kalutara Beach is one of country's finest beaches. It is only one hour drive from Colombo, and Thotupala beach resort is located at the estuary of the Kalu Ganga, offers magnificent views of the Indian Ocean

Education

Kalutara has three national schools, eleven provincial schools, two semi-government schools and three international schools. It also has a branch of Open University of Sri Lanka and the JMC International College. A number of the schools and colleges are listed below:

  • Kalutara Vidyalaya
  • Holy Cross College, Kalutara
  • Holy Family Convent, Kalutara
  • Kalutara Balika Vidyalaya
  • Tissa College, Kalutara

Kalutara Public library is one of the largest libraries of Sri Lanka and is located near the High Court.

Infrastructure

Rail

Kalutara has two railway stations, Kalutara North and Kalutara South. Kalutara South, however, is the one closest to the heart of the Kalutara town. Kalutara south railway station is a major railway hub on the Coastal or Southern Rail Line (connecting Colombo through to Matara).

Road

Kalutara is located on the A2 highway connecting Colombo, via Galle through to Wellawaya via Matara. As a result a large number of bus services pass through the town. It is the main point for bus routes in Kalutara district.

Bus routes terminating at Kalutara:

  • 400/1 - Colombo (Pettah)
  • 400/5 - Nagoda
  • 400/7 - Panadura
  • 418 - Payagala
  • 419 - Kethhena
  • 420 - Horana
  • 423 - Neboda (via Thebuwana)
  • 422 - Moronthuduwa
  • 425 - Bandaragama
  • 426 - Nagoda
  • 430/1 - Matugama
  • 438 - Bandaragama
  • 446 - Neboda (via Kendakaduwa)
  • 458 - Weralugasthota
  • 519 - Weniwelketiya
  • 418 - Yatadola
  • 519 - Halkadawila
  • 430 - Bulathsinhala
  • 433 - Walallawita
  • 400 - Akkara 80
  • 430 - Nehinna
  • 418 - Thudugala
  • 400/6- Malwaththa
  • 423 - Lagoswaththa
  • 458 - Mulatiyana
  • 458 - Weragala
  • 418 - Athukoralagama
  • 443 -
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.