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Konrad E. Bloch

 

Konrad E. Bloch


Konrad Emil Bloch, ForMemRS[1] (January 21, 1912 – October 15, 2000) was a German American biochemist. Bloch received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1964 (joint with Feodor Lynen) for discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism.

Life and career

Bloch was born in Neisse (Nysa), in the German Empire's Prussian Province of Silesia. He was the second child of middle-class parents Hedwig (Striemer) and Frederich D. "Fritz" Bloch.[2] From 1930 to 1934, he studied chemistry at the Technical University of Munich. In 1934, due to the Nazi persecutions of Jews, he fled to the Schweizerische Forschungsinstitut in Davos, Switzerland, before moving to the United States in 1936. Later he was appointed to the department of biological chemistry at Yale Medical School.

In the United States, Bloch enrolled at Columbia University, and received a Ph.D in biochemistry in 1938. He taught at Columbia from 1939 to 1946. From there he went to the University of Chicago and then to Harvard University as Higgins Professor of Biochemistry in 1954, a post he held until 1982. After retirement at Harvard, he served as the Mack and Effie Campbell Tyner Eminent Scholar Chair in the College of Human Sciences at Florida State University.

Bloch shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1964 with Feodor Lynen, for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1985. In 1988, he was awarded the National Medal of Science.[3]

Bloch died in Lexington, Massachusetts of congestive heart failure, aged 88.

See also

  • List of Jewish Nobel laureates

References

External links

  • Nobel Prize Biography
  • Eugene P. Kennedy, American Philosophical Society (vol. 147, no. 1, 2003, pp. 67–72)

Template:Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Laureates 1951-1975

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