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Kurganskaya Oblast', Russia

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Kurganskaya Oblast', Russia

For other uses, see Kurgan (disambiguation).
Kurgan Oblast
Курганская область (Russian)
—  Oblast gratuitous  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Urals[1]
Economic region Urals[2]
Established February 6, 1943[3]
Administrative center Kurgan
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Governor[4] Oleg Bogomolov[5]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 71,000 km2 (27,413.3 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Total 910,807
 - Rank 57th
 - Density[9] 12.83 /km2 (33.2 /sq mi)
 - Urban 60.3%
 - Rural 39.7%
Population (2012 est.)896,264 inhabitants[10]
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[11]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KGN
License plates 45
Official languages Russian[12]
Official website

Kurgan Oblast (Russian: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kurgan. Population: 896,264 (2012 est.);[10] 910,807 (2010 Census).[8]

History

The oblast was formed on February 6, 1943, just when the Soviet Army decisively defeated Hitler's forces near Stalingrad. However, the history of Transuralia (Zauralye) began much earlier when the first settlers built their small stockaded towns on the banks of the banks of the Tobol and Iset Rivers. Decembrist and Polish exiles made substantial contributions to the development of culture and education in Zauralye.[13] The cooperative movement was widespread at the beginning of the 20th century, and thanks to Trans-Ural oil manufacturers, Russia became the world's second-largest exporter of butter.

Geography

Kurgan Oblast is located in Southern Russia and is part of the Urals Federal District. It shares borders with Chelyabinsk Oblast to the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast to the north, Tyumen Oblast to the east, and Kazakhstan to the south.

Climate

The oblast has a severe continental climate with long cold winters and warm summers with regular droughts. The average January temperature is −18 °C (0 °F), and the average temperature in the warmest month (July) is +19 °C (66 °F). Annual precipitation is about 400 millimeters (16 in).[13]

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kurgan CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Kurgan Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Kurgan Oblast Duma is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Oblast Duma consists of 34 members and exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

The United Russia Party currently holds the majority of seats in the Oblast Duma.

Administrative divisions

Economy

Kurgan Oblast borders on the oil- and gas-bearing districts of Tyumen Oblast and is also close to similar districts in Tomsk Oblast. Large oil and gas pipelines pass through its territory, and Ural and Siberian oil refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centers are Kurgan, and Shadrinsk.[13]

The oblast does not have large economic mineral reserves; therefore, it has developed mainly on the basis of subindustries associated with processing of agricultural products and assembly and packaging of finished products. The food industry is well developed here, with meat-packing plants, mills, creameries, and powdered-milk factories.[13]

Modern large-scale industry began developing during World War II, when sixteen enterprises from western regions of the country were evacuated here in 1941-1942.

Demographics

Population: Template:Ru-census2010 1,019,532 (2002 Census);[14] 1,104,872 (1989 Census).[15]

Russians (823,7222) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, making up 92.5% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the oblast include[8] Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, and Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Other ethnicities are 2.1%. Additionally, 20,017 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[16]

  • Births (2010): 11,862 (13.0 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 14,590 (16.0 per 1000)[17]

Total fertility rate:[18]

  • 2000 - 1.38
  • 2001 - 1.35
  • 2002 - 1.45
  • 2003 - 1.40
  • 2004 - 1.46
  • 2005 - 1.40
  • 2006 - 1.43
  • 2007 - 1.59
  • 2008 - 1.72
  • 2009 - 1.77
  • 2010 - 1.79
  • 2011 - 1.82
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 12 400 (13.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 14 216 (15.9 per 1000) [19]
  • Total fertility rate: 2.00(e)

Note: Data for Total fertility rate (2012) is estimate based on age and sex structure of Kurgan Oblast at the beginning of 2012, number of births in 2012 and fertility structure in previous years.[20]

Religion

Template:Pie chart According to a 2012 official survey[21] 28.4% of the population of Kurgan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% to Islam, 1% adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), and 0.4% to Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism). In addition, 36% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 14% is atheist, and 12.2% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[21]

Notable people

  • Yuri Balashov (born March 12, 1949), chess grandmaster
  • Oleg Bogomolov (born October 4, 1950), Governor of Kurgan Oblast
  • Fyodor Bronnikov (1827 — 1902), painter
  • Dmitri Bushmanov (born September 30, 1978), association football player
  • Alexander Cherepanov (November 21, 1895 — July 6, 1984), lieutenant-general
  • Dumitru Diacov (born February 10, 1952), Moldovan politician
  • Viktor Dubynin (February 1, 1943 — November 22, 1992), Army General
  • Maxim Fadeev (born May 6, 1968), singer-songwriter, composer and producer
  • Pavel Fitin (December 28, 1907 – December 24, 1971), director of Soviet intelligence
  • Filipp Golikov (July 30, 1900 — July 29, 1980), Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • Sergey Gritsevets (July 19, 1909 — September 16, 1939), major, pilot and twice recipient of the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
  • Gavriil Ilizarov (June 15, 1921 — July 24, 1992), physician
  • Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (born December 14, 1971), association football player
  • Anatoly Karelin (July 16, 1922 — January 3, 1974), Major General of aviation
  • Leonid Khabarov (born May 8, 1947), Colonel
  • Larisa Korobeynikova (born March 26, 1987), fencer
  • Evgeni Krasilnikov (born April 7, 1965), volleyball player
  • Leonid Krasin (July 3 (15), 1870 — November 24, 1926), politician and diplomat
  • Ivan Kurpishev (born March 2, 1969), powerlifter
  • Dmitri Loskov (born February 12, 1974), association football player
  • Aleksey Merzlyakov (March 22, 1778 - August 7, 1830), poet, critic, translator, and professor
  • Yana Romanova (born May 11, 1983), biathlete
  • Sergei Rublevsky (born October 15, 1974), chess grandmaster
  • Mikhail Ryumin (September 1, 1913 — July 22, 1954), Deputy Head of the Ministry for State Security (Soviet Union)
  • Yulia Savicheva (born 14 February 1987), singer
  • Ivan Shadr (February 11, 1887 — April 3, 1941), sculptor and medalist
  • Alexander Solonik (October 16, 1960 — January 31, 1997), hitman
  • Elena Temnikova (born April 18, 1985), singer
  • Alla Vazhenina (born May 29, 1983), weightlifter
  • Aleksandr Vinogradov (September 9, 1930 — June 14, 2011), journalist and writer
  • Sergei Vinogradov (April 16, 1958 – December 16, 2010), journalist, translator and writer
  • Kirill A. Yevstigneyev (February 17, 1917 — August 29, 1996), Major General of aviation

See also

  • List of Chairmen of the Kurgan Oblast Duma

References

Sources

  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №1 от 16 декабря 1994 г. «Устав Курганской области», в ред. Закона №467 от 24 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 171. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №242, 21 декабря 1994 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #1 of December 16, 1994 Charter of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #467 of June 24, 2009 On Amending Certain Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the date specified by the provisions of Article 171.).

External links

  • Template:Sister-inline
  • Official website of the Oblast Duma (Russian)
  • News portal (Russian)

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