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Lafcadio Hearn

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Title: Lafcadio Hearn  
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Subject: Goryo Hamaguchi, Seppuku, Kaidan, Crickets as pets, List of Japanese-language poets
Collection: 1850 Births, 1904 Deaths, 19Th-Century Irish Writers, Alumni of Ushaw College, American Emigrants to Japan, British Emigrants to the United States, Collectors of Fairy Tales, Converts to Buddhism, Deaths from Heart Failure, English-Language Writers from Japan, Foreign Advisors to the Government in Meiji-Period Japan, Former Greek Orthodox Christians, Ghost Story Writers, Greek Emigrants to the United Kingdom, Irish Emigrants to Japan, Irish Emigrants to the United States, Japanese Folklorists, Japanese Horror Writers, Japanese People of Greek Descent, Japanese People of Irish Descent, Japanese Writers, Japanologists, Naturalized Citizens of Japan, One-Eyed People, People from Lefkada, University of Tokyo Faculty, Waseda University Faculty, Writers from New Orleans, Louisiana
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Lafcadio Hearn

nable in Western countries. Consequently, Hearn became known to the world by his writings concerning Japan. In later years, some critics would accuse Hearn of exoticizing Japan, but because he offered the West some of its first descriptions of pre-industrial and Meiji Era Japan, his work has historical value.[15][16][17]


Lafcadio's grave, in Zōshigaya Cemetery.

Admirers of Hearn's work have included Ben Hecht,[18] John Erskine, and Malcolm Cowley.[19]

The Japanese director Masaki Kobayashi adapted four Hearn tales into his 1964 film, Kwaidan. Some of his stories have been adapted by Ping Chong into his puppet theatre, including the 1999 Kwaidan and the 2002 OBON: Tales of Moonlight and Rain.

Hearn's life and works were celebrated in The Dream of a Summer Day, a play that toured Ireland during April and May 2005, which was staged by the Storytellers Theatre Company and directed by Liam Halligan. It is a detailed dramatization of Hearn's life, with four of his ghost stories included.

Yone Noguchi is quoted as saying about Hearn, "His Greek temperament and French culture became frost-bitten as a flower in the North."[20]

There is also a cultural center named for Hearn at the University of Durham.

Hearn was a major translator of the short stories of Guy de Maupassant.[21]

In Ian Fleming's 1964 novel You Only Live Twice, James Bond retorts to his nemesis Blofeld's comment of "Have you ever heard the Japanese expression kirisute gomen?" with "Spare me the Lafcadio Hearn, Blofeld."

The first museum in Europe for Lafcadio Hearn was inaugurated in Lefkada, Greece, his birthplace, on July 4 2014, as Lefcadio Hearn Historical Center. It contains early editions, rare books and Japanese collectibles. The visitors, through photos, texts and exhibits, can wander in the significant events of Lafcadio Hern's stunning life, but also in the civilizations of Europe, America and Japan of late 18th and early 19th centuries through the open mind of his lectures, writings and tales. The municipalities of Kumamoto, Matsue, Shinjuku, Yaizu, Toyama University, Koizumi family and other people from Japan and Greece contributed to the establishment of Lefcadio Hearn Historical Center.


Books written by Hearn on Japanese subjects

  • (1894). Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan,
  • (1895). Out of the East: Reveries and Studies in New Japan,
  • (1896). Kokoro: Hints and Echoes of Japanese Inner Life,
  • (1897). Gleanings in Buddha-Fields: Studies of Hand and Soul in the Far East,
  • (1897). The Boy who Drew Cats, (Houghton Mifflin, Boston).
  • (1898). Exotics and Retrospectives,
  • (1898). Japanese Fairy Tales, (and sequels).
  • (1899). In Ghostly Japan,
  • (1900). Shadowings,
  • (1900). Japanese Lyrics,
  • (1901). A Japanese Miscellany,
  • (1902). Kottō: Being Japanese Curios, with Sundry Cobwebs,
  • (1903). Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things (Later made into the movie Kwaidan by Masaki Kobayashi)
  • (1904). Japan: An Attempt at Interpretation,
  • (1905). The Romance of the Milky Way and other studies and stories,

Posthumous Anthologies

  • (1918). Karma,
  • (1966). Japan's Religions: Shinto and Buddhism,
  • (1984). Writings from Japan: An anthology, (Penguin Books)
  • (2007). Lafcadio Hearn's Japan: An Anthology of His Writings on the Country and Its People, (Tuttle)


  • (1882). One of Cleopatra's Nights and Other Fantastic Romances (translation of stories by Théophile Gautier), Richard Worthington.
  • (1911). Leaves from the Diary of an Impressionist, Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • (1915). Interpretations of Literature, Dodd, Mead and Company.
  • (1921). On Reading in Relation to Literature, The Atlantic Monthly Press, Inc.
  • (1928). Lectures on Shakespeare, Hokuseido Press.
  • (1968). Books and Habits; from the Lectures of Lafcadio Hearn, Books for Libraries Press.
  • (2002). Lafcadio Hearn's America: Ethnographic Sketches and Editorials, University Press of Kentucky.
  • (2009). American Writings, Library of America.

See also


  1. ^ a b Bisland, Elizabeth (1906). The life and letters of Lafcadio Hearn 1. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin. 
  2. ^ According to one of his biographers, a family Bible records 'Patricio Lafcadio Tessima Carlos Hearn, August 1850.' Kennard, Nina H. (1912). Lafcadio Hearn. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Cott, Jonathan (1990). Wandering Ghost: The Odyssey of Lafcadio Hearn. New York: Knopf. 
  4. ^ Christopher Benfey, ed. (2008). Lafcadio Hearn: American Writings. New York: Library of America.  
  5. ^ Grace, Kevin (4 January 2012). Legendary Locals of Cincinnati. Arcadia Publishing. p. 25. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Harold Schechter, ed. (2008). True Crime: An American Anthology. Library of America. pp. 117–130.  
  7. ^ Jon Christopher Hughes (Autumn 1982). Ye Giglampz" and the Apprenticeship of Lafcadio Hearn""". American Literary Realism, 1870–1910 (University of Illinois Press) 15 (2): 182–194. 
  8. ^ Gale, Robert (2002). A Lafcadio Hearn Companion. Greenwood Press. pp. 179–180.  
  9. ^ Norman Foerster (1934), American Poetry and Prose, Revised and Enlarged Edition, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 1149; Hearn, Lafcadio (1907), Letters from the Raven: Being the Correspondence of Lafcadio Hearn with Henry Watkin, ed., Milton Bronner, New York: Brentano's.
  10. ^ Peggy Grodinsky (14 February 2007). "A chronicle of Creole cuisine". Chronicle (Houston). .
  11. ^ Lafcadio Hearn (1924). Charles Woodward Hutson, ed. Creole Sketches. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.  
  12. ^ Starr, S. Frederick (2001). Inventing New Orleans: Writings of Lafcadio Hearn. University Press of Mississippi.  
  13. ^ Kazuo, Iwao, Kiyoshi, and Suzuko: Katharine Chubbuck, ‘Hearn, (Patricio) Lafcadio Carlos (1850–1904)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
  14. ^ Norman Foerster (1934), American Poetry and Prose, Revised and Enlarged Edition, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 1149.
  15. ^ Komakichi, Nohara, The True Face of Japan, (1936, 1st ed.)
  16. ^ Guo, Nanyang (2000), Interpreting Japan's interpreters: the problem of Lafcadio Hearn, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 3 (1), 106–118
  17. ^ Askew, Rie (2009), The Critical Reception of Lafcadio Hearn outside Japan, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 11 (2), 44–71
  18. ^ MacAdams, William (1995), Ben Hecht, Barricade, p. 34,  .
  19. ^ Cowley, Malcolm (1949), "Introduction", in Goodman, Henry, The Selected Writings of Lafcadio Hearn, Citadel .
  20. ^ Noguchi, Yone (1910), Lafcadio Hearn in Japan, New York: Mitchell Kennerley.
  21. ^ "Bibliography", Lafcadio Hearn, Trussel .

Further reading

  • Amenomori, Nobushige (1905). "Lafcadio Hearn, the Man," The Atlantic Monthly, October 1905.
  • Bisland, Elizabeth (1906). The Life and Letters of Lafcadio Hearn, Vol. II, New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Company.
  • Bronner, Milton, ed. (1907), Letters from the Raven: Being the Correspondence of Lafcadio Hearn with Henry Watkin .
  • Cott, Jonathan (1992), Wandering Ghost: The Odyssey of Lafcadio Hearn, Kodansha International .
  • Dawson, Carl (1992). Lafcadio Hearn and the Vision of Japan, Johns Hopkins University Press.
  •  .
  • Hearn, Lafcadio (2001), Starr, S Frederick, ed., Inventing New Orleans: Writings of Lafcadio Hearn, University Press of Mississippi .
  • ——— (2009), "Some Chinese Ghosts, Chita, Two Years in the French West Indies, Youma and Selected Journalism and Letters", in Benfey, Christopher, American Writings,  .
  • Kennard, Nina H (1912), Lafcadio Hearn, New York: D. Appleton & Co .
  • Kunst, Arthur E. (1969). Lafcadio Hearn, Twayne Publishers.
  • Langton, D. H. (1912). "Lafcadio Hearn: Journalist and Writer on Japan," The Manchester Quarterly, Vol. XXXI.
  • Lurie, David (2005), "Orientomology: The Insect Literature of Lafcadio Hearn (1850–1904)", in Pflugfelder, Gregory M; Walker, Brett L, JAPANimals: History and Culture in Japan's Animal Life, University of Michigan Press .
  • Mais, S. P. B. (1920). "Lafcadio Hearn." In Books and their Writers, Grant Richards, Ltd.
  • McWilliams, Vera (1946). Lafcadio Hearn, Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Miner, Earl Roy (1958). The Japanese Tradition in British and American Literature, Princeton University Press.
  • Monaham, Michael (1922). "Lafcadio Hearn," An Attic Dreamer, Mitchell Kennerley.
  • More, Paul Elmer (1905). "Lafcadio Hearn." In Shelburne Essays, Second Series, G. P. Putnam's Sons.
  • .
  • Noguchi, Yone (1905). "Lafcadio Hearn, A Dreamer," National Magazine, Vol. XXII, No. 1.
  • Noguchi, Yone (1910), Lafcadio Hearn in Japan, New York: Mitchell Kennerley .
  • Pulvers, Roger (19 January 2000), "Lafcadio Hearn: Interpreter of Ttwo Disparate Worlds",  .
  • Rexroth, Kenneth (1977), The Buddhist Writings of Lafcadio Hearn .
  • ; republished in New Orleans in the Atlantic World: Between Land and Sea, Routledge, 2013 .
  • Setsu, Koizumi (1918). Reminiscences of Lafcadio Hearn, Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Savina, Zoe. "The Golden Book" Dedicated to Lafcadio Hearn. Haiku Poems and Collages. July 2014

Trilingual Book: Greek, English tr. Constantine Fourakis, Japanese tr. Ban'ya Natsuishi

  •  .
  • Thomas, Edward (1912). Lafcadio Hearn, Houghton Mifflin Company.

External links

  • Works by Lafcadio Hearn, at Internet Archive
  • Works by Lafcadio Hearn, at
  • Works by Lafcadio Hearn at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by Lafcadio Hearn, at Hathi Trust
  • Hearn, Lafcadio, Works (audiobooks),  .
  • "Lafcadio Hearn and Haiku", Modern haiku (essay) .
  • Hearn's influence in literature
  • "A Journey to Lefcadio Hearn's birthplace", GRJP Web .
  • WorldHeritage.
  • Lafcadio Hearn's papers at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia
  • Japan and the Japanese as Seen by Foreigners
  • Lafcadio Hearn
  • Two Years in the French West Indies From the Collections at the Library of Congress
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