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Lamborghini

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.[1]
Private[1]
Industry
  • Automobile manufacturing
  • Automobile distribution
Fate Acquired by Audi (September 1998)[2]
Founded
  • Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
  • (30 October 1963 (1963-10-30))
  • as Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini S.p.A.
[3]
Founder Ferruccio Lamborghini
Headquarters Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy[1]
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
[4]
Products
Production output
  • Increase 2,530 vehicles (2014)
  • 2,121 vehicles (2013)
[5][6]
Revenue
  • Increase €469 million (2012)
  • €322 million (2011)
[7]
Profit
  • Increase -€24 million (2011)[8]
  • -€57.184 million (2010)
[9]
Total equity
  • €837 million (2011)[10]
  • €933.213 million (2010)
[9]
Number of employees
  • Increase 831 (2011)
  • 803 (2010)
[11]
Parent Audi[10][12]
Subsidiaries [10][13]
Website //home/en.comlamborghini

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (Italian: ) is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the group's Audi division.

New products and model lines were introduced to the brand's portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand Lamborghini. In the late 2000s, during the Huracán.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Products 2
    • Automobiles 2.1
    • Marine engines 2.2
    • Lamborghini motorcycle 2.3
    • Branded merchandise 2.4
  • Motorsport 3
    • Complete Formula One results 3.1
  • Marketing 4
    • Brand identity 4.1
    • Vehicle nomenclature 4.2
    • Concept vehicles 4.3
  • Corporate affairs 5
    • Structure 5.1
    • Sales results 5.2
  • Licensing 6
    • Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica 6.1
  • Museo Lamborghini 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes 9
  • Citations 10
  • References 11
    • Corporate documents 11.1
  • External links 12

History

Manufacturing magnate Italian Miura sports coupé, which established rear mid-engine, rear wheel drive as the standard layout for high-performance cars of the era.

Lamborghini grew rapidly during its first ten years, but sales plunged in the wake of the LM002 high performance off-road vehicle.

The Mimrans sold Lamborghini to the Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica [71]

In 1995, Indonesian corporation MegaTech, Lamborghini's owner at the time, entered into distribution and license agreements with Mexican businessman Jorge Antonio Fernandez Garcia. The agreements give Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica S.A. de C.V. the exclusive distributorship of Lamborghini vehicles and branded merchandise in Latin America and South America. Under the agreements, Automóviles Lamborghini is also allowed to manufacture Lamborghini vehicles and market them worldwide under the Lamborghini brand.[71]

Automóviles Lamborghini has produced two rebodied versions of the Diablo called the Eros and the Coatl. In 2015, Automóviles Lamborghini transferred the IP-rights to the Coatl foundation (chamber of commerce no. 63393700) in The Netherlands in order to secure these rights and to make them more marketable.

Museo Lamborghini

Museo Lamborghini

This two story museum is attached to the headquarters, and covers the history of Lamborghini cars and sport utility vehicles, showcasing a variety of modern and vintage models. The museum uses displays of cars, engines and photos to provide a history and review important milestones of Lamborghini.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ According to AUDI AG's 2011 Annual Financial Report, on 1 July 2011, Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., Lamborghini AntiMarca S.p.A. and STAR Design S.R.L. were merged into Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A., which was renamed Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (S.p.A. stands for Società per Azioni, the Italian designation for a joint stock company. S.R.L. stands for Società a Responsabilità Limitata, the Italian designation for a private limited company).

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 151.
  2. ^ Volkswagen AG 2012, pp. 19, 68.
  3. ^ Lyons et al. 1988, p. 8.
  4. ^ Edimotive S.r.l. 2011, 0:11.
  5. ^ AUDI AG 2014, p. 152.
  6. ^
  7. ^ AUDI AG 2012, p. 245.
  8. ^ AUDI AG 2012, p. 265.
  9. ^ a b VOLKSWAGEN AG 2011, p. 3.
  10. ^ a b c d e AUDI AG 2011a, p. 62.
  11. ^ AUDI AG 2012, p. 162.
  12. ^ Volkswagen AG 2012, pp. 19.
  13. ^ a b AUDI AG 2012a, p. 24.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ Motor Cycle News 23 March 1994 p.5 Car-vaceous Lamborghini up for sale. Accessed and added 7 October 2014
  18. ^
  19. ^ ASUS-Automobili Lamborghini VX7SX
  20. ^ Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 29.
  21. ^ Lewin 2004, pp. 119–120.
  22. ^ Mitchel 2005, p. 219.
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Cockerham, Paul W. Lamborghini: the spirit of the bull Tiger Books, 1997
  32. ^ Schleifer, Jay. Lamborghini: Italy's raging bull Crestwood House, 1993
  33. ^
  34. ^ a b Sackey 2008, p. 15.
  35. ^ Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 31.
  36. ^ Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 43.
  37. ^ a b
  38. ^ Lawrence 1996, p. 183.
  39. ^ Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 90.
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^ AUDI AG 2012, p. 152.
  53. ^ Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 40.
  54. ^ a b c d
  55. ^
  56. ^ VOLKSWAGEN AG 2000, p. 50.
  57. ^ VOLKSWAGEN AG 2001, p. 23.
  58. ^ VOLKSWAGEN AG 2002, p. 24.
  59. ^ AUDI AG 2003, p. 3.
  60. ^ a b AUDI AG 2004, p. 5.
  61. ^ AUDI AG 2006, p. 3.
  62. ^ AUDI AG 2007, p. 4.
  63. ^ AUDI AG 2008, p. 4.
  64. ^ AUDI AG 2009, p. 4.
  65. ^ AUDI AG 2010, p. 4.
  66. ^ AUDI AG 2011, p. 151.
  67. ^ AUDI AG 2012, p. 154.
  68. ^
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^ a b Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica S.A. de C.V 1995.

References

Corporate documents

External links

  • Official website
  • Lamborghini of Latin America official website
  • Lamborghini Trattori Lamborghini brand farm tractors manufactured by SAME Deutz-Fahr
  • Lamborghini at DMOZ

Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica

Licensing

Year Units sold
500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500
Ferruccio Lamborghini (1963–1972)
1968[53] 353  
Georges-Henri Rossetti and René Leimer (1972–1977)
Receivership (1977–1984)
Patrick Mimran (1984–1987)
Chrysler Corporation (1987–1994)
1991[54] 673  
1992[54] 166  
1993[54] 215  
MegaTech (1994–1995)
V'Power and Mycom Sedtco (1995–1998)
1996[55] 211  
1997[54] 209  
AUDI AG (1999–)
1999[56] 265  
2000[57] 296  
2001[58] 297  
2002[59] 424  
2003[60] 1,305  
2004[60] 1,592  
2005[61] 1,600  
2006[62] 2,087  
2007[63] 2,406  
2008[64] 2,430  
2009[65] 1,515  
2010[66] 1,302  
2011[67] 1,602  
2012[68] 2,083  
2013[69] 2,121  
2014[70] 2,530

[52] By sales, the most important markets in 2004 for Lamborghini's sports cars are the U.S. (41%), Germany (13%), Great Britain (9%) and Japan (8%). Prior to the launch of the

Lamborghini Gallardo Convertible (Australia)

Sales results

[13][10] Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. controls five principal subsidiaries:

[10][Notes 1] As of 2011, Lamborghini is structured as a wholly owned subsidiary of

Structure

Corporate affairs

At the Huracán's 5.2 litre V10 producing 607 horsepower, along with one electric motor mounted on the transaxle and an additional two on the front axle, developing an additional 300 horsepower. This puts the power at a combined figure of 907 horsepower. 0–100 km/h is claimed to be "just above 3 seconds," with a claimed top speed of 185 mph.[51]

As part of the celebration of 50 years of Lamborghini, the company unveiled the Egoista is for one person's driving and only one of Egoista is to be made.[50]

At the 2012 Beijing Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Urus SUV. This is the first SUV By Lamborghini since the LM002.

[49] At the 2012 Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Aventador J – a roofless, windowless version of the

[48] At the

The Estoque, a 2008 sedan concept.
[47]At the

[44] A retro-styled

Throughout its history, Lamborghini has envisioned and presented a variety of Cala from 1995, the Zagato-built Raptor from 1996.

The Concept S, a Gallardo derivative.

Concept vehicles

The Jalpa of 1982 was named for a bull breed; Diablo, for the Duke of Veragua's ferocious bull famous for fighting an epic battle against "El Chicorro" in Madrid in 1869;[39][40][41] Murciélago, the legendary bull whose life was spared by "El Lagartijo" for his performance in 1879; Gallardo, named for one of the five ancestral castes of the Spanish fighting bull breed;[42] and Reventón, the bull that defeated young Mexican torero Félix Guzmán in 1943. The Estoque concept of 2008 was named for the estoc, the sword traditionally used by matadors during bullfights.[43]

The LM002 (LM for Lamborghini Militaire) sport utility vehicle and the Silhouette (named after the popular racing category of the time) were other exceptions to the tradition. [38] uttered the word in surprise when he first laid eyes on the Countach prototype, "Project 112".Nuccio Bertone Legend has it that stylist [37] expletive.Piedmontese), a (pronounced contacc but for [37] After christening the

The Diablo (background) was named for a legendary bull, while the Countach (foreground) broke from the bullfighting tradition.

The automaker would continue to draw upon the bullfighting connection in future years. The Islero was named for the Miura bull that killed the famed bullfighter Manolete in 1947. Espada is the Spanish word for sword, sometimes used to refer to the bullfighter himself. The Jarama's name carried a special double meaning; though it was intended to refer only to the historic bullfighting region in Spain, Ferruccio was concerned about confusion with the also historic Jarama motor racing track.[36]

After producing two cars with alphanumeric designations, Lamborghini once again turned to the bull breeder for inspiration. Don Eduardo was filled with pride when he learned that Ferruccio had named a car for his family and their line of bulls; the fourth Miura to be produced was unveiled to him at his ranch in Seville.[34][35]

Vehicle nomenclature

The world of Taurus himself, was so impressed by the majestic Miura animals that he decided to adopt a raging bull as the emblem for the automaker he would open shortly.[34]

The Lamborghini wordmark, as displayed on the back of its cars.

Brand identity

Marketing

Year Entrant Chassis Engine(s) Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points WCC
1989 Larrousse Calmels Lola LC88B
Lola LC89
Lamborghini 3512 V12 G BRA SMR MON MEX USA CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 1 15th
Yannick Dalmas DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ
Éric Bernard 11 Ret
Michele Alboreto Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 DNPQ DNQ DNPQ
Philippe Alliot 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 16 Ret 9 6 Ret Ret
1990 ESPO Larrousse F1 Lola LC89B
Lola LC90
Lamborghini 3512 V12 G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 11 6th
Éric Bernard 8 Ret 13 6 9 Ret 8 4 Ret 6 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Aguri Suzuki Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 7 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret 14 6 3 Ret
Camel Team Lotus Lotus 102 Lamborghini V12 G
Derek Warwick Ret Ret 7 Ret 6 10 11 Ret 8 5 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 8th
Martin Donnelly DNS Ret 8 Ret Ret 8 12 Ret Ret 7 12 Ret Ret DNS
Johnny Herbert Ret Ret
1991 Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS35
Ligier JS35B
Lamborghini 3512
V12
G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 0 NC
Thierry Boutsen Ret Ret 7 7 Ret 8 12 Ret 9 17 11 Ret 16 Ret 9 Ret
Érik Comas DNQ Ret 10 10 8 DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 10 Ret 11 11 Ret Ret 18
Modena Team SpA Lambo 291 V12 G Nicola Larini 7 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret 16 DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0 NC
Eric van de Poele DNPQ DNPQ 9 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ
1992 Central Park Venturi Larrousse Venturi LC92 Lamborghini 3512 V12 G RSA MEX BRA ESP SMR MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 1 11th
Bertrand Gachot Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 6 DSQ Ret Ret 14 Ret 18 Ret Ret Ret Ret
Ukyo Katayama 12 12 9 DNQ Ret DNPQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 17 9 Ret 11 Ret
Minardi Team M191B
M191L
M192
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G Christian Fittipaldi Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 8 13 DNQ DNQ DNQ 12 6 9 1 12th
Alessandro Zanardi DNQ Ret DNQ
Gianni Morbidelli Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 11 8 17 12 DNQ 16 Ret 14 14 10
1993 Larrousse F1 Larrousse LH93 Lamborghini 3512 V12 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 3 10th
Philippe Alliot Ret 7 Ret 5 Ret 12 Ret 9 11 12 8 12 9 10
Toshio Suzuki 12 14
Érik Comas Ret 10 9 Ret 9 Ret 8 16 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 11 Ret 12
) pole position() (results in bold indicate

Complete Formula One results

[30] Lamborghini developed the Murciélago R-GT as a production racing car to compete in the [26][25] Two racing versions of the Diablo were built for the Diablo Supertrophy, a single-model racing series held annually from 1996 to 1999. In the first year, the model used in the series was the Diablo SVR, while the Diablo 6.0 GTR was used for the remaining three years.

A Murcielago R-GT participating in the FIA GT Championship at Silverstone in 2006.

In late 1991, a Lamborghini Formula One motor was used in the McLaren towards the end of the 1993 season, with the intent of using it during the 1994 season. Although driver Ayrton Senna was reportedly impressed with the engine's performance, McLaren pulled out of negotiations, choosing a Peugeot engine instead, and Chrysler ended the project.

Lamborghini was an engine supplier in 1990 Japanese Grand Prix, when Aguri Suzuki finished third on home soil.[24]

In 1985, Lamborghini's British importer developed the Countach QVX, in conjunction with Spice Engineering, for the 1986 Group C championship season. One car was built, but lack of sponsorship caused it to miss the season. The QVX competed in only one race, the non-championship 1986 Southern Suns 500 km race at Kyalami in South Africa, driven by Tiff Needell. Despite the car finishing better than it started, sponsorship could once again not be found and the programme was cancelled.[23]

The 1990 Lotus 102 featured a Lamborghini V12.

In the mid-1970s, while Lamborghini was under the management of Georges-Henri Rossetti, Lamborghini entered into an agreement with Baur to produce the car, which BMW named the M1, delivering the first vehicle in October 1978.[21][22]

In contrast to his rival Enzo Ferrari, Ferruccio Lamborghini had decided early on that there would be no factory-supported racing of Lamborghinis, viewing motorsport as too expensive and too draining on company resources. This was unusual for the time, as many sports car manufacturers sought to demonstrate the speed, reliability, and technical superiority through motorsport participation. Enzo Ferrari in particular was known for considering his road car business mostly a source of funding for his participation in motor racing. Ferruccio's policy led to tensions between him and his engineers, many of whom were racing enthusiasts; some had previously worked at Ferrari. When Dallara, Stanzani, and Wallace began dedicating their spare time to the development of the P400 prototype, they designed it to be a road car with racing potential, one that could win on the track and also be driven on the road by enthusiasts.[20] When Ferruccio discovered the project, he allowed them to go ahead, seeing it as a potential marketing device for the company, while insisting that it would not be raced. The P400 went on to become the Miura. The closest the company came to building a true race car under Lamborghini's supervision were a few highly modified prototypes, including those built by factory test driver Bob Wallace, such as the Miura SV-based "Jota" and the Jarama S-based "Bob Wallace Special".

The Miura began as a clandestine prototype, a car that had racing pedigree in a company that was entirely against motorsport.

Motorsport

Lamborghini licenses its brand to manufacturers that produce a variety of Lamborghini-branded consumer goods including scale models, clothing, accessories, bags, electronics[18] and laptop computers.[19]

Branded merchandise

[17] In the mid-1980s, Lamborghini produced a limited-production run of a 1,000 cc

Lamborghini motorcycle

[16] Motori Marini Lamborghini produces a large V12 marine engine block for use in

L900 marine engine

Marine engines

As of the 2015 model year, Lamborghini's automobile product range consists of two model lines, both of which are mid-engine two-seat sports cars.[14] The V12-powered Huracán line currently includes only the LP 610-4 coupé.

Huracán
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