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Lamborghini Murcielago

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Lamborghini Murcielago

Lamborghini Murciélago
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production 2001–2010
4,099 built[1]
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Designer Luc Donckerwolke
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Layout Mid-engine, all wheel drive
Related Lamborghini Reventón
Powertrain
Engine 6.2 L V12 (572 HP)
6.5 L V12 (640 HP)
6.5 L V12 (650 HP)
6.5 L V12 (670 HP)
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed e-Gear semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,665 mm (104.9 in)
Length 2002–06: 4,580 mm (180.3 in)
2007–10: 4,610 mm (181.5 in)
Width 2002–06: 2,045 mm (80.5 in)
2007–10: 2,057 mm (81.0 in)
Height 1,135 mm (44.7 in)
Curb weight Dry weight:
1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
1,665 kg (3,671 lb) LP 640
1,565 kg (3,450 lb) LP 670–4 SV
Chronology
Predecessor Lamborghini Diablo
Successor Lamborghini Aventador

The Lamborghini Murcielago was a sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 2001[2] and 2010. Successor to the Diablo and flagship of the automaker's lineup, the Murciélago was introduced as a coupé in 2001. The automaker's first new design in eleven years, the car was also the brand's first new model under the ownership of German parent company Audi, which is owned by Volkswagen. It was styled by Peruvian-born Belgian Luc Donckerwolke, Lamborghini's head of design from 1998 to 2005.[3]

A roadster version was introduced in 2004, followed by the updated LP 640 coupé and roadster and limited edition LP 650–4 Roadster. The final variation to wear the Murciélago nameplate was the LP 670–4 SuperVeloce, powered by the largest and final evolution of the Lamborghini V12 engine. Production of the Murciélago ended on November 5, 2010, with a total run of 4,099 cars.[4] Its successor, the Aventador, was released at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show.[5]

Name

In a continuation of Lamborghini's tradition of naming its cars after stars from the world of bullfighting, the Murciélago was named for a fighting bull that survived 24 sword strokes in an 1879 fight against Rafael "El Lagartijo" Molina Sánchez, at the Coso de los califas bullring in Córdoba, Spain. Murciélago fought with such passion and spirit that the matador chose to spare its life, a rare honor. The bull, which came from Joaquin del Val di Navarra's farm, was later presented as a gift to Don Antonio Miura, a noted local breeder; thus began the famed Miura line of fighting bulls, and the name for one of Lamborghini's greatest designs.

This promotional story, however, largely contradicts the history of Miura ranch, whose bulls first fought in corrida in 1849, 30 years prior to the "story of Murciélago". It is also doubtful that, after 24 deep stab wounds and the associated stress and blood loss, the animal could survive, let alone reproduce.[6]

Murciélago is the Spanish name for the bat. The word is pronounced [murθiˈelaɣo], with a voiceless dental fricative [θ] (as in English thing), in the Castilian Spanish spoken in most of Spain. However, the Italian automaker often uses the Southern Spainish and Latin American Spanish pronunciation, [murˈsjelaɣo], with an [s] sound. Many people in Italy pronounce it [murtʃieˈlaɡo], as if it were an Italian word.

First generation

Murciélago

The Murciélago is an all-wheel drive, mid-engined supersports car. With an angular design and an exceptionally low slung body, the highest point of the roof is just under 4 feet above the ground. One of the vehicle's most distinguishing features are its scissor doors. which lends to the extreme image. First-generation Murciélagos, produced between 2001 and 2006, were powered by a Lamborghini V12 that traces its roots back to the company's beginnings in the 1960s. The rear differential is integrated with the engine itself, with a viscous coupling center differential providing drive to the front wheels. Power is delivered through a 6-speed manual transmission. The Murciélago suspension uses an independent double-wishbone design, and bodywork features carbon fiber, steel and aluminum parts. The rear spoiler and the active air intakes integrated into the car's shoulders are electromechanically controlled, deploying automatically only at high speeds in an effort to maximize both aerodynamic and cooling efficiency.

The first generation cars were produced between 2001 and 2006, and known simply as Murciélago, sometimes Murciélago VT. Their V12 engines produced just under 580 PS (572 hp), and powered the car to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.8 seconds.[7] Subsequent versions incorporated an alphanumeric designation to the name Murciélago, which indicated their engine configuration and output. However, the original cars are never referred to as "LP 580s". A first generation Murciélago Roadster was used in the 2005 movie Batman Begins.[8]

Murciélago Roadster

The Murciélago Roadster was introduced in 2004. Primarily designed to be an open top car, it employed a manually attached soft roof as cover from adverse weather, but a warning on the windshield header advises the driver not to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h) with the top in place. The designer used the B-2 stealth bomber, the Wally 118 WallyPower yacht, and architect Santiago Calatrava's Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències in Valencia, Spain as his inspiration for the roadster's revised rear pillars and engine cover.[3]

Second generation

Murciélago LP 640

In March 2006, Lamborghini unveiled a new version of its halo car at the Geneva Motor Show: the Murciélago LP 640. The new title incorporated the car's name, along with an alphanumeric designation which indicated the engine's orientation (Longitudinale Posteriore), along with the newly updated power output. With displacement now increased to 6.5 liters, the new car made 640 PS (471 kW; 631 hp) at 8000 rpm. The Murciélago's exterior received a minor facelift. Front and rear fascias were revised, and side air intakes were now asymmetrical with the left side feeding an oil cooler. A new single outlet exhaust system incorporated into the rear diffuser, modified suspension tuning, revised programming and upgraded clutch for the 6-speed "e-Gear" automated sequential transmission with launch control rounded out the performance modifications. Interior seating was also re-shaped to provide greater headroom, and a new stereo system formed part of the updated dashboard. Optional equipment is included Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) ceramic composite brakes, chrome paddle shifters and a glass engine cover. The 2008 car's estimated fuel economy for the 6-speed manual is 8 miles per U.S. gallon (29 L/100 km; 9.6 mpg-imp) city and 13 miles per U.S. gallon (18 L/100 km; 16 mpg-imp) freeway, making it the least efficient car in 2008 for city and highway driving, according to the EPA.[9] A second generation Murciélago LP 640 was used in the 2008 movie The Dark Knight.[8]


Murciélago LP 640 Roadster

At the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show, Lamborghini announced that the roadster version of the Murciélago will also be updated to LP 640 status.[10]

Murciélago LP 670–4 SuperVeloce (2009–2010)

The Lamborghini Murciélago LP 670–4 SuperVeloce

At the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the ultimate version of the Murciélago, the LP 670–4 SuperVeloce.[11] The SV moniker had previously appeared on the Diablo SV, and Miura. SV variants are more extreme and track-oriented, and are released at the end of each model's production run.[12]

The SuperVeloce's V12 produces 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp) at 8000 rpm and 490 lb·ft (660 N·m) of torque at 6500 rpm, thanks to revised valve timing and upgraded intake system. The car's weight was also reduced by 220 lb (100 kg) through extensive use of carbon fiber inside and out. A new lighter exhaust system was also used. As a result of the extensive weight loss, the SV produces a power-to-weight ratio of 429 Bhp/long ton. Also standard were the LP 640's optional 15-inch carbon-ceramic disc brakes with 6 piston calipers. In its June 2009 issue, Car and Driver magazine estimated that the LP 670–4 SV was capable of accelerating to 62 mph (100 km/h) from a standing start in just 2.9 seconds and on to 124 mph (200 km/h) in 7.4 seconds. Subsequent testing by Road and Track revealed a 0–60 time of 2.8 seconds and a quarter mile time of 10.9 seconds at 129.4 miles per hour.[13] Lamborghini claims a top speed of 212 mph (341 km/h) when the car is fitted with an optional smaller spoiler, or 209 mph (336 km/h) with the standard Aeropack wing.[14]

According to Maurizio Reggiani, head of Lamborghini R&D, the LP 670–4 SV's steering was tuned for high-speed sensitivity. The original production plan of the ultimate Murciélago was limited to 350 cars, and cost $400,000 US (before options) £270,038 in 2009. However, only 186 LP 670-4s were produced before the factory had to make room for the new Aventador production line. Numbered cars 1–350 do not represent the order in which cars were manufactured.

Limited editions

40th Anniversary Edition

In 2004, Lamborghini celebrated its 40th anniversary by releasing a limited run of 50 40th-Anniversary Edition Murciélagos. Enhancements over the standard vehicle included a limited-edition blue body color that was labeled "Jade-Green", carbon-fiber exterior detailing, upgraded wheels, a revamped exhaust system, and a numbered plaque on the inside of the rear window. The interior also featured unique leather trim.[15]

LP 640 Versace

The Murciélago LP 640 Versace is a special limited edition of the LP 640 that was unveiled at the 2006 Paris Motor Show. Available in either white or black, only 20 were produced as both coupés and roadsters. Although the standard V12 engine was used, stylists from the Versace fashion house, and Lamborghini's Ad Personam program, collaborated to design custom interiors finished in two-toned Versace leather. Gianni Versace logo plaque.[16] Each unit came with matching Versace luggage, along with driving shoes and gloves. A matching watch from Versace's Precious Items department was also made available to customers.[17]

LP 650–4 Roadster

In 2009, Lamborghini released a limited-run update of the Murciélago Roadster. The LP 650-4's increased engine output was rated at 650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp) and 490 lb·ft (660 N·m), allowing the car to reach 62 mph (100 km/h) in 3.4 seconds and achieve a top speed of 205 mph (330 km/h). Available only in Grigio Telesto gray with Arancio orange highlights, the color scheme was continued on the inside.[18]

LP 670–4 SuperVeloce China Limited Edition (2010)

A limited version of LP 670–4 SuperVeloce for Chinese market is distinguished by the middle stripe.[19] The vehicle was unveiled in Beijing auto show.[20]And its top speed of 212 mph. Have 661 nm and 670 hp .0-62 mph in 3,2 seconds

Specifications

Engines

Model Engine Power, Torque @ rpm Acceleration (seconds) Top Speed
0–60 mph 0–100 mph 0–150 mph Quarter Mile
Murciélago (2001–2006)[21] 6.2 L V12 580 PS (427 kW; 572 hp), 649 N·m (479 lb·ft) 3.3 8.3 21.4 11.7 @ 122 mph official: 206 mph (332 km/h)
Murciélago LP 640-4[22] 6,496 cc (6.496 L; 396.4 cu in) V12 640 PS (471 kW; 631 hp) @ 8000rpm, 490 lb·ft (660 N·m) @ 6000rpm 3.0 7.5 -- 11.2 @ 127 mph official: 211 mph (340 km/h)
Murciélago LP 640-4 Roadster[23] 3.1 8.1 16.1 11.8 @ 126 mph (203 km/h) official: 209 mph (336 km/h)
Murciélago LP 650–4 Roadster[24] 650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp), 490 lb·ft (660 N·m) 3.1 - - - official: 210 mph (338 km/h)
Murciélago LP 670–4 SuperVeloce 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp) @ 8000rpm, 490 lb·ft (660 N·m) @ 6500rpm 2.8[25] - - 10.9 @ 130.4 (R&T) official: 214 mph (345 km/h)
211 mph (340 km/h) with Aeropack Wing

Transmissions

Model Standard Optional
Murciélago, Murciélago LP 640, Murciélago LP 670–4 SuperVeloce 6-speed manual 6-speed e-Gear

Safety recall

In May 2010 in the United States, Lamborghini recalled 428 of its 2007–2008 Murciélago coupés and roadsters because of the possibility of weld failure on the fuel pump support inside the fuel tank, potentially leading to a fuel leak and possible fire.[26][27]

Motorsport

R-GT

The Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT is the racing version of the Murciélago, developed jointly with Reiter Engineering and Audi Sport. Unlike the standard car, the R-GT is rear-wheel drive only and only 9 were produced, in order to comply with the FIA, ACO, and JAF rules. The car retains the standard V12 engine, but air restrictors are used to manage power. Acceleration and top speed performance are dependent on gearing, as different ratios are used for different tracks. Some specifications : (0-60 Mph : 3.1 sec), (60-124 Mph : 5.0 sec), (124-155 Mph : 5.5 sec). In March 2007, the All-Inkl.com Racing Murciélago won the Zhuhai 2 Hours.

A Murciélago R-GT was entered into the 2008 24 Hours of Le Mans, but was not classified.

In April 2009, beating a Corvette C6-R, and Saleen S7-R, a Murciélago R-GT of the Russian IPB Spartak Racing Team won the GT1 class in the 1000 km de Catalunya, a LMS race. The drivers of the IPB Spartak Racing car were Russian, Roman Rusinov, and Dutch, Peter Kox. The Lamborghini made pole position, but was moved to the end of the grid due to some technical irregularities. They finished 2 laps ahead of the lead Corvette to take the second international win for a Ragin' Bull GT car.

RG-1 (2004–)

A version of the R-GT built for the Japanese Lamborghini Owners Club to compete in Japanese Super GT series (JLOC).[28] In March 2006, an RG-1 recorded the first victory ever for a Lamborghini when they earned a win in the GT300 class at the Super GT Suzuka 500 km.

R-SV


The R-SV was an evolution of the R-GT developed by Reiter Engineering to comply with the FIA rules for the new FIA GT1 World Championship. The 2010 FIA GT1 World Championship season saw Reiter run two cars and the other two were run by All-Inkl.com Münnich Motorsport. Reiter saw some success winning two Championship races finishing third in the teams championship. The All-Inkl team did not have as much success finishing ninth in the championship. The 2011 season saw Swiss Racing Team run the ex-Reiter R-SV's, after an unsuccessful season in 2010 running Nissan GT-R's. All-Inkl have had a successful season so far topping the teams championship as of round seven. Swiss Racing Team had some points finishes but after a crash between both cars at the Sachsenring round, they had a lack of spare parts and did not compete in the next three events. DKR Engineering announced that they would be using Murcielago R-SVs for the last 2 rounds of the season, instead of the Chevrolet Corvette C6.R that they were using for the first 8 rounds. Its top speed is 402 km/h.

Related development


Lamborghini Miura concept

Main article: Lamborghini Miura concept

In January 2006, a retro-styled Lamborghini Miura concept car, built on a Murciélago chassis, was announced at the Museum of Television & Radio and promoted at the Los Angeles Auto Show, although the car itself was not present at the show. Subsequently, Miura concept was officially debuted at the North American International Auto Show just two weeks later. It was the first design penned by Lamborghini design chief, Walter de'Silva, and commemorated the 40th anniversary of the 1966 introduction of the original Miura in Geneva.

Lamborghini president and CEO, Stefan Winkelmann, rejected any possibility of the concept marking the Miura's return to production however, stating “The Miura was a celebration of our history, but Lamborghini is about the future. Retro design is not what we are here for. So we won’t do the Miura.”[29]


Lamborghini Reventón

Main article: Lamborghini Reventón

Debuted in 2007 at the Frankfurt Auto Show,[30] the Lamborghini Reventón is a modified version of the Murciélago. The car's mechanical underpinnings and engine are identical to those of the Murciélago LP 640. However, the cosmetics are all unique. Interior and exterior styling were inspired by stealth fighter design, taking cues from aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor. Only 21 units were built, of which one was retained by the factory to be exhibited in the Lamborghini museum. Lamborghini also produced 15 units of a roadster version.

Lamborghini Aventador

Main article: Lamborghini Aventador


The development of a successor to the Murciélago was widely speculated in the motoring press as the supercar approached the end of its first decade in production. Spy photos published on the internet in January 2010 showed a camouflaged Lamborghini prototype undergoing winter testing.[31] In December 2010, Autocar published a test drive of the new prototype, however, very little was released. Even the name was a mystery up until it was reported that Lamborghini registered the name "Aventador" with the U.S. trademark office.[32]

At the 2011 Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini revealed their new V12 flagship and Murciélago successor, the Aventador LP 700–4. This new sports car utilizes a 6.5 liter V12 engine, newly designed specially for this car by Lamborghini, producing 691 hp (700 PS; 515 kW). 0–62 mph (100 km/h) takes 2.9 seconds. Top speed has been stated to exceed 217 mph (350 km/h). The Aventador will also be considerably lighter than the outgoing Murciélago, with a dry weight of 3,470 lb (1,575 kg).

Production

Year Units Murciélago Murciélago Roadster
2001[33] 65 65 -
2002[33] 442 442 -
2003[34] 424 424 -
2004[34] 384 304 80
2005[35] 464 230 234
2006[35] 444 323 121
2007[36] 629 423 206
2008[36] 637 454 183
2009[37] 331 274 57
2010[37] 163 145 18
Total 3,983 3,084 899

References

External links

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