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Lebanese National Anthem

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Title: Lebanese National Anthem  
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Lebanese National Anthem

النشيد الوطني اللبناني
Lebanese National Anthem

National anthem of  Lebanon
Lyrics Rashid Nakhle
Music Wadih Sabra, 1925
Adopted 12 July 1927
Music sample

The Lebanese National Anthem (Arabic: النشيد الوطني اللبنانيan-našīd al-waṭaniyy al-lubnāniyy) was written by Rashid Nakhle and composed by Wadih Sabra. It was adopted on 12 July 1927, seven years after the proclamation of the state of Greater Lebanon during the French mandate.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Composition 1.1
    • Controversy 1.2
    • Adoption 1.3
  • Lyrics 2
    • Arabic 2.1
    • Transliteration 2.2
    • English Translation 2.3
    • French 2.4
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

The Lebanese national anthem was chosen following an open nationwide competition.

Composition

The music of the national anthem is influenced by Beirut's exposure to western culture by the end of the 19th century, it was composed by French trained artist Wadih Sabra in 1925.[1]

Controversy

Al-Jadeed TV channel showed a mini documentary on the Lebanese National Anthem, claiming the music to have been plagiarized from a song dedicated to Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi, the leader of the Rif Republic, which was composed by Lebanese Mohammed Flayfel.[2] It later showed another documentary containing documents which proved the claim.[3]

Adoption

The Lebanese National Anthem is adopted by Rashid Nakhle and Wadih Sabra.

Lyrics

Arabic

كلنا للوطن للعلى للعلم
ملء عين الزّمن سيفنا والقلم
سهلنا والجبل منبت للرجال
قولنا والعمل في سبيل الكمال
كلنا للوطن للعلى للعلم
كلّنا للوطن
شيخنا والفتى عند صوت الوطن
أسد غاب متى ساورتنا الفتن
شرقنا قلبه أبداً لبنان
صانه ربه لمدى الأزمان
كلنا للوطن للعلى للعلم
كلنا للوطن
بحره برّه درّة الشرقين
رِفدُه برّهُ مالئ القطبين
إسمه عزّه منذ كان الجدود
مجدُهُ أرزُهُ رمزُهُ للخلود
كلّنا للوطن للعلى للعلم
كلّنا للوطن

Transliteration

Kullunā li-l-waṭan, li-l-ʻulā li-l-ʻalam
Milʼu ʻayn iz-zaman, sayfunā wa-l-qalam
Sahlunā wa-l-jabal, manbitun li-r-rijāl
Qawlunā wa-l-ʻamal fī sabīli l-kamāl
Kullunā li-l-waṭan, li-l-ʻulā li-l-ʻalam,
Kullunā li-l-waṭan
Šayḫunā wa-l-fatā, ʻinda ṣawṭi l-waṭan
ʼUsdu ġābin matā, sāwaratnā l-fitan
Šarqunā qalbuhu, ʼabadan Lubnān
Ṣānahu rabbuhu, li-madā l-azmān
Kullunā li-l-waṭan, li-l-ʻulā li-l-ʻalam,
Kullunā li-l-waṭan
Baḥruhu barruhu, durratu š-šarqayn
Rifduhu birruhu, māliʼu l-quṭbayn
ʼIsmuhu ʻizzuhu, munḏu kāna l-judūd
Majduhu ʼarzuhu, ramzuhu li-l-ḫulūd
Kullunā li-l-waṭan, li-l-ʻulā li-l-ʻalam
Kullunā li-l-waṭan

English Translation

All of us! For our Country, for our Glory and Flag!
Our valor and our writings are the envy of the ages.
Our mountain and our valley, they bring forth stalwart men.
And to Perfection we devote our words and labor.
All of us! For our Country, for our Glory and Flag!
All of us! For our Country
Our Elders and our children, they await our Country's call,
And on the Day of Crisis they are as Lions of the Jungle.
The heart of our East is ever Lebanon,
May God preserve him until the end of time.
All of us! For our Country, for our Glory and Flag!
All of us! For our Country
The Gems of the East are his land and sea.
Throughout the world his good deeds flow from pole to pole.
And his name is his glory since time began.
The cedars are his pride, his immortality's symbol.
All of us! For our Country, for our Glory and Flag!
All of us! For our Country[4][5]

French

Tous pour la Patrie, pour la Gloire, pour le drapeau !
Depuis les premiers siècles, toujours avec notre épée et notre crayon
Nos plaines et nos montagnes sont sources de nos hommes vaillants
Nos paroles et actions, pour atteindre la Perfection
Tous pour la Patrie, pour la Gloire, pour le drapeau, Tous pour la Patrie !
Les vieux et les jeune à l'appel de la Patrie
Lion[s] de jungle[s] lorsque l'on nous défie
Le cœur de Notre Orient restera pour toujours le Liban
Nous protège son Dieu quelle que soit l'époque
Tous pour la Patrie, pour la Gloire, pour le drapeau, Tous pour la Patrie !
Sa mer et sa terre, Perle des deux Orients
Son symbole est sa charité, elle atteint les deux pôles
Son nom et son triomphe [sont connus] depuis l'époque de nos aïeux
Sa Gloire et son Cèdre, symboles jusqu'à l'éternité
Tous pour la Patrie, pour la Gloire, pour le drapeau, tous pour la Patrie !

References

  1. ^ Zuhur, Sherifa (2001). Colors of enchantment: theater, dance, music, and the visual arts of the Middle East (illustrated ed.). Cairo: American university in Cairo press. p. 456.  
  2. ^ "Mini-Documentary on the Lebanese National Anthem (after the news)". Al-Jadeed. 
  3. ^ "Mini-Documentary on the Lebanese National Anthem (part 2) (after the news)". Al-Jadeed. 
  4. ^ Farshad, Mohammad-Avvali (2007). The Role of Art in the Struggle for National Identity in Lebanon. Akademische Schriftenreihe. GRIN Verlag. p. 36.  
  5. ^ Goldstein, Margaret J. (2004). Lebanon in Pictures. Visual geography series (illustrated, revised ed.). Twenty-First Century Books. p. 80.  

External links

Vocal versions of the anthem can be heard at

  • The National Anthem – A page that is part of the official page of the Presidency of Lebanon.
  • The Hymns of the Army page at the official website of the Lebanese Army.
  • Audio of the national anthem of Lebanon, with information and lyrics
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