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Liberal Democratic Party (Chile)

The Liberal Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Democrático, PLD) is the name of two Chilean liberal political parties. The first one, formed by Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna, lasted very little and the second one called also balmacedist was one of the impellers of the Chilean parliamentary system from 1891 to 1925.

Vicuña Mackenna's Liberal Democratic Party 1875-1876

Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna's LDP was formed in December 1875 as a support to his run for president.

Liberal Democratic Party or balmacedist 1893–1933

The Liberal Democratic Party or balmacedist was formed on 5 November 1893 during one convention in Talca. It assembled former supporters of president José Manuel Balmaceda. Its party platform was a return to a strong presidency like those previous to the 1891 Chilean Civil War.

The LDP would split into the LDP-Aliancist, supporters of Arturo Alessandri and the LDP-Unionist, the opposers to Alessandri. It lasted until 1930, when it merged into the United Liberal Party. After the downfall of president Carlos Ibáñez in 1931 it rearranged as an independent party before finally merging into the Liberal Party in 1933.

Results in parliamentary elections

Year of elections (parliament seats) Number of members of the parliament Votes members of the parliament
1894 (94) 22 n/d
1897 (94) 22 n/d
1900 (94) 22 n/d
1903 (94) 27 n/d
1906 (94) 20 n/d
1909 (94) 15 n/d
1912 (118) 27 n/d
1915 (118) 21 n/d
1918 (118) 15 n/d
1921 (118) 8 n/d
1924 (118) 9 n/d
1932 (142) 1 1.086 (0,5%)


The original version of this article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language World Heritage Encyclopedia, which was accessed in the version of 7 June 2007.

See also


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