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Lipetskaya Oblast', Russia

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Lipetskaya Oblast', Russia

Lipetsk Oblast
Липецкая область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52°42′N 39°09′E / 52.700°N 39.150°E / 52.700; 39.150Coordinates: 52°42′N 39°09′E / 52.700°N 39.150°E / 52.700; 39.150
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central Black Earth[2]
Established January 6, 1954[3]
Administrative center Lipetsk
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Head of the Administration[4] Oleg Korolyov[5]
 - Legislature Oblast Council of Deputies[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 24,100 km2 (9,305.1 sq mi)
Area rank 71st
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Total 1,173,513
 - Rank 44th
 - Density[9] 48.69 /km2 (126.1 /sq mi)
 - Urban 63.7%
 - Rural 36.3%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[10]
ISO 3166-2 RU-LIP
License plates 48
Official languages Russian[11]
Official website

Lipetsk Oblast (Russian: Ли́пецкая о́бласть, Lipetskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) which was formed on January 6, 1954.[3] Its administrative center is the city of Lipetsk. Population: 1,173,513 (2010 Census).[8]

Geography

Lipetsk Oblast borders with Ryazan Oblast (NE), Tambov Oblast (E), Voronezh Oblast (S), Kursk Oblast (SW), Oryol Oblast (W), and Tula Oblast (NW).

History

According to archaeologists and historians, the territory in which for the time being is the Lipetsk Oblast was inhabited since ancient times. Even before the arrival of the Mongol-Tatar troops here were of Elec, Dobrinskaya (now the village of Good) Oaklet (now the village Oaks) (Dankovsky District), Old fort (Bogorodskoye Dankovsky district) Vorgol (destroyed), Onuza (destroyed), Voronozh (destroyed ), Lipetsk (destroyed) and others. During the Mongol invasion of Rus', many fortified cities had been destroyed.

Earth Lipetsk Oblast at the beginning of the period belonged to the disintegration of the Chernigov principality. After 1202, after the death of Chernigov Prince Igor Svyatoslavich Yelets arose, Lipetsk and Vorgolskoe fiefdoms. Taking advantage of the weakness of the principality of Chernigov, Ryazan princes seized all the lands of the upper Don, Voronezh River and annexed them to his possessions. For the newly acquired territories in the south of the Ryazan principality subsequently established name "Ryazan Ukraine."

The revival of the territory began after the expulsion of the nomads. In a relatively short period of time (end of the 16th and early 17th centuries) were built fortified city: Duncan Talitskii jail, Eletskaya fortress Lebedian. In 1635, construction began on a strong fortified line - Belgorod defense line, which in the Lipetsk region within a modern fortress stood out: Good, Sokolsk and Usman.

Since the end of the 17th century, the province began construction of large enterprises:

  • 1693 - Steel works on the River White Kolodezs
  • 1700 - Lipsky ironworks zavodys
  • 1703 - Kuz'minskii anchor plant with weapons-assembly workshop

Near the plants have populations of workers. One of these settlements was working Lipetsk settlement that gave rise to the city of Lipetsk.

At this time, because of the creation of the Navy and the regular army increased the need for flax, hemp and wool. So begins to actively develop agriculture.

In the 18th century the continued growth of large landed estates. Lipetsk region, rich black earth, was the breadbasket of the state. Subsequently, he became widely known as a resort and mineral waters.

During the February Revolution, the October Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War, the lives of many cultural values, private collections of art and literature, but because of the ensuing repression against the church and the "bourgeois past" seriously affected the architectural ensembles of the estates of the nobility, monasteries and churches.

The modern oblast was formed by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on January 6, 1954 from parts of five neighboring provinces: Voronezh, Ryazan, Tambov, Tula and Oryol.

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Lipetsk CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Lipetsk Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Lipetsk Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official, who acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Since 1998, the Governor is Oleg Korolyov.

Economy

The most important industrial branches are the iron processing and the mechanical engineering. The most industrialized cities are Lipetsk, the administrative center, and Yelets. The region's fuel and energy complex is represented by petroleum product marketing companies, a network of consumer gas pipelines, and a power grid.

Agriculture

Crop cultivation and horticulture form the basis of the region's agriculture. Livestock farming specializes in cattle, pigs, goats, sheeps, and poultry. The processing industry is also well developed.

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: Template:Ru-census2010 1,213,499 (2002 Census);[12] 1,230,220 (1989 Census).[13]

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Russians: 96.3%
  • Ukrainians: 0.9%
  • Armenians: 0.6%
  • Azerbaijanis: 0.3%
  • Others: 1.9%
  • 45,268 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[14]

Total fertility rate:
2003 - 1,24 | 2004 - 1,28 | 2005 - 1,27 | 2006 - 1,28 | 2007 - 1,36 | 2008 - 1,43 | 2009 - 1,44 | 2010 - 1,47 | 2011 - 1,47 |[15]
2012 - 1.61(e)

Religion

Template:Pie chart According to a 2012 official survey[16] 71.3% of the population of Lipetsk Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Muslims, and 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 15% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 6% is atheist, and 2.7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[16]

Attractions


The world's first hyperboloid structure—the steel open-work lattice tower—is located in Polibino, Dankovsky District of Lipetsk Oblast. The hyperboloid tower was built and patented in 1896 by the famous Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov. The hyperboloid structures were subsequently built by other architects, such as Antoni Gaudí, Le Corbusier, and Oscar Niemeyer.

References

Sources

  • Липецкий областной Совет депутатов. №46-ОЗ 9 апреля 2003 г. «Устав Липецкой области», в ред. Закона №307-ОЗ от 15 октября 2009 г. «О поправках к Уставу Липецкой области Российской Федерации». Опубликован: "Липецкая газета", №71, 17 апреля 2003 г. (Lipetsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #46-OZ of April 9, 2003 Charter of Lipetsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #307-OZ of October 15, 2009 On Amendments to the Charter of Lipetsk Oblast of the Russian Federation. ).

External links

  • Template:Sister-inline
  • Official website of Lipetsk Oblast
  • Official website of Lipetsk Oblast (Russian)
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