List of Australian Prime Ministers by political affiliation

This article is intended to be a comprehensive list of all Prime Ministers, grouped by political party.

Prime Ministers by political affiliation

Labor

Twelve members of the Australian Labor Party have served as prime minister:

  1. Chris Watson (27 April 1904 – 18 August 1904)
  2. Andrew Fisher (13 November 1908 – 2 June 1909, 29 April 1910 – 24 June 1913, 17 September 1914 – 27 October 1915)
  3. Billy Hughes (27 October 1915 – 14 November 1916)
  4. James Scullin (22 October 1929 – 6 January 1932)
  5. John Curtin (7 October 1941 – 5 July 1945)
  6. Frank Forde (6 July 1945 – 13 July 1945)
  7. Ben Chifley (13 July 1945 – 19 December 1949)
  8. Gough Whitlam (5 December 1972 – 11 November 1975)
  9. Bob Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991)
  10. Paul Keating (20 December 1991 – 11 March 1996)
  11. Kevin Rudd (3 December 2007 – 24 June 2010, 27 June 2013 – 18 September 2013)
  12. Julia Gillard (24 June 2010 – 26 June 2013)

Liberal

Seven members of the Liberal Party of Australia have served as prime minister:

  1. Sir Robert Menzies (19 December 1949 – 26 January 1966)
  2. Harold Holt (26 January 1966 – 19 December 1967)
  3. John Gorton (10 January 1968 – 10 March 1971)
  4. William McMahon (10 March 1971 – 5 December 1972)
  5. Malcolm Fraser (11 November 1975 – 11 March 1983)
  6. John Howard (11 March 1996 – 3 December 2007)
  7. Tony Abbott (18 September 2013 – present) [incumbent]

Country

  1. Sir Earle Page (7 April 1939 – 26 April 1939)
  2. Arthur Fadden (29 August 1941 – 7 October 1941)
  3. John McEwen (19 December 1967 – 10 January 1968)

United Australia

  1. Joseph Lyons (6 January 1932 – 7 April 1939)
  2. Robert Menzies (26 April 1939 – 26 August 1941)

Nationalist

  1. Billy Hughes (14 November 1916 – 9 February 1923)
  2. Stanley Bruce (9 February 1923 – 22 October 1929)

Protectionist

  1. Sir Edmund Barton (1 January 1901 – 24 September 1903)
  2. Alfred Deakin (24 September 1903 – 27 April 1904, 5 July 1905 – 13 November 1908)

Commonwealth Liberal

  1. Alfred Deakin (29 June 1909 – 29 April 1910)
  2. Joseph Cook (24 June 1913 – 17 September 1914)

Free Trade

  1. George Reid (18 August 1904 – 5 July 1905)

Graphical timeline

ImageSize = width:720 height:750 PlotArea = left:0 right:0 bottom:65 top:10 Legend = columns:4 left:205 top:55 columnwidth:150 AlignBars = justify

DateFormat = yyyy Period = from:1897 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical

Colors=

 id:canvas value:gray(0.5)
 id:LIB  value:blue             legend:Liberal
 id:UAP  value:powderblue       legend:United_Australia
 id:NAL  value:skyblue          legend:National_Labor
 id:ALP  value:red              legend:Labor
 id:NAT  value:skyblue          legend:Nationalist
 id:FT   value:limegreen        legend:Free_Trade
 id:CNT  value:green            legend:Country/National
 id:PRO  value:tan1             legend:Protectionist
 id:CML  value:dullyellow       legend:Commonwealth_Liberal
 id:WAR  value:gray(0.6)

Define $left = align:right shift:(-25,-5) Define $right = align:left shift:(25,-5)

PlotData=

 mark:(line,white) fontsize:S shift:(25,-5)
 width:25
 
 from:1897  till:1899 color:PRO  $right text:"1901–1903_Edmund Barton"
 from:1899  till:1900 color:PRO  $left  text:"Alfred Deakin_1903–1904"
 from:1900  till:1901 color:ALP  $right text:"1904_Chris Watson"
 from:1901  till:1902 color:FT   $left  text:"Sir George Reid_1904–1905" 
 from:1902  till:1905 color:PRO  $right text:"1905–1908_Alfred Deakin (second time)"
 from:1905  till:1906 color:ALP  $left  text:"Andrew Fisher_1908–1909"
 from:1906  till:1907 color:CML  $right  text:"1909–1910_Alfred Deakin (third time)"
 from:1907  till:1910 color:ALP  $left  text:"(second time)_Andrew Fisher_1910–1913"
 from:1910  till:1911 color:CML  $right text:"1913–1914_Joseph Cook"
 from:1911  till:1912 color:ALP  $left text:"(third time)_Andrew Fisher_1914–1915"
 from:1912  till:1913 color:ALP  $right text:"1915–1916_Billy Hughes"
 from:1913  till:1914 color:NAL  $left text:"(second time)_Billy Hughes_1916–1917"
 from:1914  till:1920 color:NAT  $right text:"1917–1923_Billy Hughes (third time)"
 from:1920  till:1926 color:NAT  $left text:"Stanley Bruce_1923–1929"
 from:1926  till:1929 color:ALP  $right text:"1929–1932_James Scullin"
 from:1929  till:1936 color:UAP  $left text:"Joseph Lyons_1932–1939"
 from:1936  till:1937 color:CNT  $right text:"1939_Sir Earle Page"
 from:1937  till:1939 color:UAP  $left text:"Robert Menzies_1939–1941"
 from:1939  till:1940 color:CNT  $right text:"1941_Arthur Fadden"
 from:1940  till:1944 color:ALP  $left text:"John Curtin_1941–1945" # shift:(–100,-5)
 from:1944  till:1945 color:ALP  $right text:"1945_Frank Forde"
 from:1945  till:1949 color:ALP  $left text:"Ben Chifley_1945–1949"
 from:1949  till:1966 color:LIB  $right text:"1949–1966_Sir Robert Menzies (second time)"
 from:1966  till:1967 color:LIB  $left text:"Harold Holt_1966–1967"
 from:1967  till:1968 color:CNT  $right text:"1967–1968_John McEwen"
 from:1968  till:1971 color:LIB  $left text:"John Gorton_1968–1971"
 from:1971  till:1972 color:LIB  $right text:"1971–1972_William McMahon"
 from:1972  till:1975 color:ALP  $left text:"Gough Whitlam_1972–1975"
 from:1975  till:1983 color:LIB  $right text:"1975–1983_Malcolm Fraser"
 from:1983  till:1991 color:ALP  $left text:"Bob Hawke_1983–1991"
 from:1991  till:1996 color:ALP  $right text:"1991–1996_Paul Keating"
 from:1996  till:2007 color:LIB  $left text:"John Howard_1996–2007"
 from:2007  till:2010 color:ALP  $right text:"2007–2010_Kevin Rudd"
 from:2010  till:2013 color:ALP  $left text:"Julia Gillard_2010−2013"
 from:2013  till:end  color:ALP  $right text:"2013–present_Kevin Rudd (second time)"


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