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List of U.S. state legislatures

 

List of U.S. state legislatures

Each state in the United States has a legislative branch as part of its form of civil government. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. Forty-nine (49) state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, State Assembly, House of Delegates or House of Representatives) and an upper house (Senate). The Nebraska Legislature is the lone unicameral body.

The exact names, dates, term lengths, term limits, electoral districts, and other details are at the discretion of the individual states.

Party summary

The party composition of the legislatures (and party summary of the individual chambers), as of 2013, was:[1]

27 Republican-controlled Legislatures
17 Democratic-controlled Legislatures
5 Split Legislatures
1 Officially non-partisan (Nebraska)
50 Total

"Split" means that either the two chambers have different majority parties (e.g., Democratic Senate and Republican House), that one chamber is evenly split between parties, or that a coalition or "hung" chamber has occurred.

In several states, the party that controls the state legislature may not be the one that usually wins the state in presidential elections. Also note that due to politics, a party with a numerical majority in a chamber may be forced to share power with other parties due to informal coalitions, or outright cede power due to divisions.

The table below shows total state government control, which means the governor and the chamber majorities are all of the same party.

24 Republican-controlled governments
13 Democratic-controlled governments
3 Democratic Governor/Republican-controlled Legislature
4 Republican Governor/Democratic-controlled Legislature
1 Republican Governor/Split Legislature
4 Democratic Governor/Split Legislature
1 Republican Governor/Non-partisan Legislature (Nebraska)
50 Total

In the 2010 election, the Republican Party took control of a majority of the state legislative bodies, in which a net of 19 of the 49 partisan legislative bodies changed from Democratic Party control to Republican Party control.

Statistics

State legislatures

(After elections held on November 6, 2012.)[2]

State Name Lower House Upper House
Name Party
strength
Term
(Years)
Name Party
strength
Term
(Years)
Alabama Legislature House of Representatives R 65–40 4 Senate R 22–12, 1 Ind. 4
Alaska Legislature House of Representatives R 25–15 2 Senate R 13–7 4
Arizona Legislature House of Representatives R 36–24 2 Senate R 17–13 2
Arkansas General Assembly House of Representatives R 51–48, 1 Green 2 Senate R 21–14 4
California State Legislature[3] Assembly D 55–25 2 Senate D 27–11, 2 vac. 4
Colorado General Assembly House of Representatives D 37–28 2 Senate D 18–17 4
Connecticut General Assembly House of Representatives D 98–53 2 Senate D 22–14 2
Delaware General Assembly House of Representatives D 27–14 2 Senate D 13–8 4
Florida Legislature House of Representatives R 76–44 2 Senate R 26–14 4
Georgia General Assembly House of Representatives R 119–60, 1 Ind. 2 Senate R 38–18 2
Hawaii Legislature House of Representatives D 44–7 2 Senate D 24–1 4
Idaho Legislature House of Representatives R 57–13 2 Senate R 28–7 2
Illinois General Assembly House of Representatives D 71–47 2 Senate D 40–19 2 or 4
Indiana General Assembly House of Representatives R 69–31 2 Senate R 37–13 4
Iowa General Assembly House of Representatives R 53–47 2 Senate D 26–24 4
Kansas Legislature House of Representatives R 92–33 2 Senate R 32–8 4
Kentucky General Assembly House of Representatives D 55–44, 1 vac. 2 Senate R 23–14, 1 Ind. 4
Louisiana Legislature (self-designated)[4] House of Representatives R 58–45, 2 Ind. 4 Senate R 25–14 4
Maine Legislature House of Representatives D 89–58, 4 Ind. 2 Senate D 19–15, 1 Ind. 2
Maryland General Assembly House of Delegates D 98–43 4 Senate D 35–12 4
Massachusetts General Court House of Representatives D 131–29 2 Senate D 36–4 2
Michigan Legislature House of Representatives R 59–51 2 Senate R 26–12 4
Minnesota Legislature House of Representatives DFL 73–61 2 Senate DFL 39–28 4, 4, 2
Mississippi Legislature House of Representatives R 64–58 4 Senate R 31–21 4
Missouri General Assembly House of Representatives R 110–52, 1 vac. 2 Senate R 24–10 4
Montana Legislature House of Representatives R 61–39 2 Senate R 29–21 4
Nebraska Legislature Unicameral and non–partisan Senate with 49 members (affiliations: R 30, D 17, 2 Ind.) 4
Nevada Legislature Assembly D 27–15 2 Senate D 11–10 4
New Hampshire General Court House of Representatives D 221–179 2 Senate R 13–11 2
New Jersey Legislature General Assembly D 48–32 2 Senate D 24–16 2, 4, 4
New Mexico Legislature House of Representatives D 38–32 2 Senate D 25–17 4
New York State Legislature (unofficial)[5] Assembly D 106–43, 1 Ind. (D) 2 Senate Coalition 35–26, 2 non-affiliated 2
North Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives R 77–43 2 Senate R 33–17 2
North Dakota Legislative Assembly House of Representatives R 71–23 4 Senate R 33–14 4
Ohio General Assembly House of Representatives R 60–39 2 Senate R 23–10 4
Oklahoma Legislature House of Representatives R 72–29 2 Senate R 36–12 4
Oregon Legislative Assembly House of Representatives D 34–26 2 State Senate D 16–14 4
Pennsylvania General Assembly House of Representatives R 110–93 2 Senate R 27–23 4
Rhode Island General Assembly House of Representatives D 69–6 2 Senate D 32–5, 1 Ind. 2
South Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives R 76–48 2 Senate R 28–18 4
South Dakota Legislature House of Representatives R 53–17 2 Senate R 28–7 2
Tennessee General Assembly House of Representatives R 70–28, 1 Ind. 2 Senate R 26–7 4
Texas Legislature House of Representatives R 95–55 2 Senate R 19–12 4
Utah State Legislature[6] House of Representatives R 61–14 2 Senate R 24–5 4
Vermont General Assembly House of Representatives D 98–44, 4 P, 4 Ind. 2 Senate D 21–7, 2 P 2
Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates R 67–32, 1 Ind 2 Senate R 20–20 4
Washington State Legislature[7] House of Representatives D 55–42, 1 vac. 2 Senate Coalition 25–24 4
West Virginia Legislature House of Delegates D 54–46 2 Senate D 24–10 4
Wisconsin Legislature Assembly R 60–39 2 Senate R 18–15 4
Wyoming State Legislature[8] House of Representatives R 52–8 2 Senate R 26–4 4

Total State Representatives = 7383[9]

District of Columbia and territorial legislatures

Federal district or insular area Name Lower House Upper House
Name Party
strength
Term
(Years)
Name Party
strength
Term
(Years)
District of Columbia Council (Unicameral) D 11, 2 Ind. 4
American Samoa Fono House of Representatives 20 Ind. 2 Senate 18 Ind. 4
Guam Legislature (Unicameral) D 8–7 2
Northern Mariana Islands Legislature House of Representatives R 12–4 Cov.,
Ind. 3–1 D
2 Senate Coal. 6–3 4
Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly House of Representatives NPP 32–18 PDP 4 Senate NPP 17–9 PDP,1 Ind 4
U. S. Virgin Islands Legislature (Unicameral) D 9–4 ICM, 2 Ind. 2

See also

Notes

  • The two nonvoting members of the Maine House of Representatives, elected by the Penobscot Nation and the Passamaquoddy Tribe respectively, are not counted in the above table, as they are not counted in similar tabulations in State Government web sites.
  • As of July 17, 2012, Wisconsin's State Senate shifted to Democratic control.[10]

Notes

External links

  • National Conference of State Legislatures
  • State Legislatures Internet Links
  • State Legislatures, State Laws, and State Regulations: Website Links and Telephone Numbers
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