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List of cities in Lithuania

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Title: List of cities in Lithuania  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: List of towns in Lithuania, Alytus County, Kaunas County, Lithuania, Tauragė County
Collection: Cities in Lithuania, Lists of Cities by Country, Lithuania Geography-Related Lists
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List of cities in Lithuania

Vilnius, capital of Lithuania

In Lithuania there are 103 cities (in Lithuanian: singular – miestas, plural – miestai). The term city is defined by the Parliament of Lithuania as compact areas populated by more than 3,000 people of whom at least two thirds work in the industry or service sector. Those settlements which have a population of less than 3,000 but historically had city status are still considered to be cities. Smaller settlements are called miestelis (plural miesteliai) which is translated as towns. Even smaller settlements (villages) are called kaimas (plural kaimai). Often the official status is not clear and people refer to both towns and villages as gyvenvietė (plural gyvenvietės) which in essence means settlement.

The cities started to form in the 13th-14th century together with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The first city to receive city rights was Klaipėda. According to medieval law, a city could have its own fairs, taverns, guilds, courts, etc. Some former cities lost their status are now just towns or villages, for example Kernavė or Merkinė. Most of the cities in Lithuania are old, established before the 18th century. Their location is mostly determined by trade and transportation routes. Some of the newer cities grew because of railroad construction, for example Kaišiadorys, Vievis, Radviliškis, Ignalina or Mažeikiai. In the last century cities grew new to big industry centers, for example Visaginas, Elektrėnai or Naujoji Akmenė. Five cities – Birštonas, Druskininkai, Neringa, Palanga and Anykščiai – have a special resort status.

Most of the cities are small. There are only 19 cities with population of more than 20,000. Cities are quite evenly spread out through the territory of Lithuania. This forms a good network to support economic development throughout the country. At the 2001 census 66.7% of the population lived in cities and the percentage is growing.

Contents

  • Cities 1
  • Map 2
  • Gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes and sources 5

Cities

# CoA City Pronunciation
()
Population (2001) Population (2014) Granted city rights County Municipality
1 Vilnius 554,281 539,939 1387 Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality
2 Kaunas 378,943 304,097 1408 Kaunas County Kaunas city municipality
3 Klaipėda 192,954 157,350 1257 Klaipėda County Klaipėda city municipality
4 Šiauliai 133,883 105,653 1589 Šiauliai County Šiauliai city municipality
5 Panevėžys 119,749 96,345 1837 Panevėžys County Panevėžys city municipality
6 Alytus 71,491 56,364 1581 Alytus County Alytus city municipality
7 Marijampolė 48,675 39,542 1792 Marijampolė County Marijampolė municipality
8 Mažeikiai 42,675 36,278 1924 Telšiai County Mažeikiai district municipality
9 Jonava 34,954 34,056 1864 Kaunas County Jonava district municipality
10 Utena 33,860 28,391 1599 Utena County Utena district municipality
11 Kėdainiai 32,048 26,080 1590 Kaunas County Kėdainiai district municipality
12 Telšiai 31,460 24,500 1791 Telšiai County Telšiai district municipality
13 Visaginas 29,554 20,238 1977 Utena County Visaginas municipality
14 Tauragė 29,124 24,043 1924 Tauragė County Tauragė district municipality
15 Ukmergė 28,759 22,904 1486 Vilnius County Ukmergė district municipality
16 Plungė 23,436 19,142 1792 Telšiai County Plungė district municipality
17 Šilutė 21,476 15,044 1941 Klaipėda County Šilutė district municipality
18 Kretinga 21,423 18,124 1609 Klaipėda County Kretinga district municipality
19 Radviliškis 20,339 19,625 1923 Šiauliai County Radviliškis district municipality
20 Druskininkai 18,233 16,263 1893 Alytus County Druskininkai municipality
21 Palanga 17,623 17,620 1791 Klaipėda County Palanga city municipality
22 Rokiškis 16,746 15,549 1920 Panevėžys County Rokiškis district municipality
23 Biržai 15,262 14,565 1589 Panevėžys County Biržai district municipality
24 Gargždai 15,212 16,087 1792 Klaipėda County Klaipėda district municipality
25 Kuršėnai 14,197 13,670 1946 Šiauliai County Šiauliai district municipality
26 Elektrėnai 14,050 13,818 1962 Vilnius County Elektrėnai municipality
27 Jurbarkas 13,797 13,307 1611 Tauragė County Jurbarkas district municipality
28 Garliava 13,322 13,500 1958 Kaunas County Kaunas district municipality
29 Vilkaviškis 13,283 12,931 1660 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis district municipality
30 Raseiniai 12,541 12,245 1492–1506 Kaunas County Raseiniai district municipality
31 Naujoji Akmenė 12,345 11,468 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė district municipality
32 Anykščiai 11,958 11,829 1516 Utena County Anykščiai district municipality
33 Lentvaris 11,773 11,642 1946 Vilnius County Trakai district municipality
34 Grigiškės 11,448 11,466 1958 Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality
35 Prienai 11,353 10,984 1609 Kaunas County Prienai district municipality
36 Joniškis 11,329 10,881 1616 Šiauliai County Joniškis district municipality
37 Kelmė 10,900 10,302 1947 Šiauliai County Kelmė district municipality
38 Varėna 10,845 10,296 1946 Alytus County Varėna district municipality
39 Kaišiadorys 10,002 9,729 1946 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys district municipality
40 Pasvalys 8,709 8,296 1946 Panevėžys County Pasvalys district municipality
41 Kupiškis 8,451 8,082 1791 Panevėžys County Kupiškis district municipality
42 Zarasai 8,365 7,766 1843 Utena County Zarasai district municipality
43 Skuodas 7,896 7,358 1572 Klaipėda County Skuodas district municipality
44 Kazlų Rūda 7,401 7,162 1950 Marijampolė County Kazlų Rūda municipality
45 Širvintos 7,273 7,070 1950 Vilnius County Širvintos district municipality
46 Molėtai 7,221 6,949 1956 Utena County Molėtai district municipality
47 Švenčionėliai 6,923 6,346 1920 Vilnius County Švenčionys district municipality
48 Šakiai 6,795 6,511 1776 Marijampolė County Šakiai district municipality
49 Šalčininkai 6,722 6,563 1956 Vilnius County Šalčininkai district municipality
50 Ignalina 6,591 6,119 1950 Utena County Ignalina district municipality
51 Kybartai 6,556 6,209 1947 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis district municipality
52 Pabradė 6,525 6,236 1946 Vilnius County Švenčionys district municipality
53 Šilalė 6,281 6,037 1950 Tauragė County Šilalė district municipality
54 Pakruojis 6,057 5,750 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis district municipality
55 Nemenčinė 5,892 5,876 1955 Vilnius County Vilnius district municipality
56 Trakai 5,725 5,373 1409 Vilnius County Trakai district municipality
57 Švenčionys 5,684 5,566 1800 Vilnius County Švenčionys district
58 Vievis 5,303 5,049 1950 Vilnius County Elektrėnai municipality
59 Lazdijai 5,140 4,811 1957 Alytus County Lazdijai district municipality
60 Kalvarija 5,090 5,013 1791 Marijampolė County Kalvarija municipality
61 Rietavas 3,979 3,843 1792 Telšiai County Rietavas municipality
62 Žiežmariai 3,884 3,759 1792 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys district municipality
63 Eišiškės 3,765 3,610 1950 Vilnius County Šalčininkai district municipality
64 Ariogala 3,697 3,458 1792 Kaunas County Raseiniai district municipality
65 Venta 3,412 2,959 1978 Šiauliai County Akmenė district municipality
66 Šeduva 3,400 3,200 1654 Šiauliai County Radviliškis district municipality
67 Birštonas 3,225 3,172 1518? Kaunas County Birštonas municipality
68 Akmenė 3,140 2,690 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė district municipality
69 Tytuvėnai 2,851 2,690 1956 Šiauliai County Kelmė district municipality
70 Rūdiškės 2,559 2,472 1958 Vilnius County Trakai district municipality
71 Pagėgiai 2,393 2,236 1923 Tauragė County Pagėgiai municipality
72 Neringa 2,386 3,371 1961 Klaipėda County Neringa municipality
73 Vilkija 2,338 2,301 1792 Kaunas County Kaunas district municipality
74 Žagarė 2,312 2,115 1924 Šiauliai County Joniškis district municipality
75 Viekšniai 2,270 2,198 1791 Telšiai County Mažeikiai district municipality
76 Skaudvilė 2,140 1,976 1950 Tauragė County Tauragė district municipality
77 Ežerėlis 2,051 2,014 1956 Kaunas County Kaunas district municipality
78 Gelgaudiškis 2,029 1,936 1958 Marijampolė County Šakiai district municipality
79 Kudirkos Naumiestis 1,997 1,916 1643 Marijampolė County Šakiai district municipality
80 Simnas 1,980 1,844 1626 Alytus County Alytus district municipality
81 Salantai 1,942 1,825 1746 Klaipėda County Kretinga district municipality
82 Linkuva 1,797 1,735 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis district municipality
83 Veisiejai 1,762 1,592 1956 Alytus County Lazdijai district municipality
84 Ramygala 1,733 1,695 1957 Panevėžys County Panevėžys district municipality
85 Priekulė 1,725 1,663 1948 Klaipėda County Klaipėda district municipality
86 Joniškėlis 1,477 1,389 1736 Panevėžys County Pasvalys district municipality
87 Jieznas 1,476 1,311 1956 Kaunas County Prienai district municipality
88 Daugai 1,458 1,432 1792 Alytus County Alytus district municipality
89 Obeliai 1,371 1,293 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis district municipality
90 Varniai 1,355 1,258 1950 Telšiai County Telšiai district municipality
91 Virbalis 1,351 1,250 1593 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis district municipality
92 Vabalninkas 1,328 1,155 1775 Panevėžys County Biržai district municipality
93 Seda 1,309 1,189 1950 Telšiai County Mažeikiai district municipality
94 Subačius 1,180 1,105 1958 Panevėžys County Kupiškis district municipality
95 Baltoji Vokė 1,073 1,073 1958 Vilnius County Šalčininkai district municipality
96 Dūkštas 1,070 930 1956 Utena County Ignalina district municipality
97 Pandėlys 1,024 941 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis district municipality
98 Dusetos 914 831 1950 Utena County Zarasai district municipality
99 Užventis 898 811 1746 Šiauliai County Kelmė district municipality
100 Kavarskas 809 692 1956 Utena County Anykščiai district municipality
101 Smalininkai 653 600 1945 Tauragė County Jurbarkas district municipality
102 Troškūnai 525 504 1956 Utena County Anykščiai district municipality
103 Panemunė 329 318 1837 Tauragė County Pagėgiai municipality

Map

Map showing all cities marked with red dots. Bigger cities are written in larger letters. Click on the map for better resolution.

Gallery

See also

Notes and sources

  • Population sizes are given according to Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania) data for 2008 and census of 2001. The cities are sorted according to 2001 census data because it is more reliable (data from 2008 is derived from census data using various formulas and models).
  • "City rights" means rights to self-governing. For older cities usually it is the date when Magdeburg rights were granted. Most dates are obtained from Lithuanian WorldHeritage which assembled the information from several different sources. One of the main sources was Population Statistics. This information cannot be completely trusted.
  • Counties, municipalities and elderates are given according to Lithuanian Central Internet Gates data.
  • Stasys Vaitiekūnas, Elena Valančienė, Lietuvos geografija (Geography of Lithuania), Alma littera, 2004, pages 160-162. ISBN 9955-08-534-7
  • Lietuvos Respublikos teritorijos administracinių vienetų ir jų ribų įstatymas (Republic of Lithuania Law on Administrative Units and Their Borders), Seimas law database, June 19, 1994, law no. I-558.
  • At the time of 2001 census, there were 106 cities in Lithuania. Government of Republic of Lithuania made these changes:
  • On December 16, 2002 Juodupė lost city status and became a town;
  • On February 25, 2003 Kulautuva lost city status and became a town;
  • On April 8, 2003 Tyruliai lost city status and became a town.
  • Cities without coat of arms image do not have it confirmed by the President of Lithuania. Municipalities share coat of arms with their capitals with the exception of cities which are capitals of more than one municipality (i.e. a city municipality and a district municipality) in which case the city municipality shares the coat of arms with the city, while the district municipality has its own distinct coat of arms. Another notable exception is Trakai town, which has different coat of arms than does its municipality (Trakai district municipality).
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