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Live birth (human)

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Title: Live birth (human)  
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Subject: Healthcare in Germany, John Buster, Born alive rule, Healthcare in Croatia, Stillbirth
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Live birth (human)

In human reproduction, a live birth occurs when a fetus, whatever its gestational age, exits the maternal body and subsequently shows any sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time and regardless of whether the umbilical cord or placenta are intact.[1]

This definition of the term "live birth" was created by the statistical purposes. Whether the birth is vaginal or by Caesarean section, and whether the neonate is ultimately viable, is not relevant to this statistical definition. However, the term "live birth" was in common use long before 1950.[2]

In the United States, the term "born alive" is defined by federal statute.[3]

See also


  1. ^ World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. Tenth Revision. Vol 2. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1993:129.
  2. ^ Search full view Google Books for "live birth" prior to the year 1950.
  3. ^ 1 U.S.C. 8

External links

  • Fossil reveals oldest live birth BBC News 28 May 2008
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