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Louis I, Count of Flanders

 

Louis I, Count of Flanders

Louis I, Count of Flanders
Louis I, Count of Flanders
Spouse(s) Margaret I, Countess of Artois
Noble family House of Dampierre
Father Louis I, Count of Nevers
Mother Joan, Countess of Rethel
Born c. 1304
Died 26 August 1346(1346-08-26)
Battle of Crécy

Louis I (c. 1304 – August 26, 1346, ruled 1322–1346) was Count of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Family 2
  • Ancestry 3
  • References 4

History

He was the son of Louis I, Count of Nevers, and Joan, Countess of Rethel, and grandson of Robert III of Flanders.[1] He succeeded his father as count of Nevers and his grandfather as count of Flanders in 1322. He inherited the county of Rethel from his mother.

In 1320 Louis married Margaret, second daughter of King Philip V of France and Joan II, Countess of Burgundy, who would later inherit her mother's counties of Burgundy and Artois in 1361.[2] This marriage alliance made him break with the anti-French policy of his grandfather Robert III and great-grandfather Guy I.[2]

His pro-French policies and excessive taxations levied by Louis caused an uprising in 1323. Beginning as a series of scattered rural riots, the peasant insurrection escalated into a full-scale rebellion that dominated public affairs in Flanders for nearly five years until 1328. The rebels, led by Nicolaas Zannekin, captured the towns of Nieuwpoort, Veurne, Ieper and Kortrijk. In Kortrijk, Zannekin was able to capture Louis himself. In 1325 the King of France, Charles IV intervened whereupon Louis was released from captivity in February 1326 and the Peace of Arques was sealed. The peace didn't last long and soon hostilities erupted again which made the count flee to France. Louis was able to convince his new liege Philip VI of France to come to his aid and Zannekin and his adherents were decisively defeated by the French royal army in the Battle of Cassel.

When the Hundred Years War started, Louis remained steadfast in his French policy, even with the county being economically dependent on England. His actions resulted in an English boycott of the wool trade which in turn sparked a new insurrection under Jacob van Artevelde. In 1339 the count had to flee his lands, never being able to return. Louis was killed in the Battle of Crécy in 1346.[3]

Family

He and Margaret had one son:

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ David M Nicholas, Medieval Flanders, (Taylor & Francis, 1992), 442.
  2. ^ a b William H. TeBrake, A Plague of Insurrection: Popular Politics and Peasant Revolt in Flanders, 1323-1328, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), 47.
  3. ^ David Nicolle, Crécy 1346: Triumph of the Longbow, (Osprey, 2000), 13-14.
Louis I, Count of Flanders
Born: c. 1304 Died: 26 August 1346
Preceded by
Robert III
Count of Flanders
1322–1346
Succeeded by
Louis II & III
Preceded by
Louis I
Count of Nevers
1322–1346
Preceded by
Joan
Count of Rethel
1328–1346
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