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Louisiana Territory

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Title: Louisiana Territory  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Missouri Territory, District of Louisiana, Arkansas Territorial Militia, French people in Nebraska, Territory of Orleans
Collection: 1800S in the United States, 1805 Establishments in the United States, Former Organized Territories of the United States, Great Plains, Louisiana Territory, Midwestern United States, Pre-Statehood History of Arkansas, Pre-Statehood History of Iowa, Pre-Statehood History of Kansas, Pre-Statehood History of Louisiana, Pre-Statehood History of Missouri, Pre-Statehood History of Montana, Pre-Statehood History of Nebraska, Pre-Statehood History of North Dakota, Pre-Statehood History of Oklahoma, Pre-Statehood History of South Dakota, Pre-Statehood History of Wyoming
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Louisiana Territory

Territory of Louisiana
United States

1805–1812

Flag of Louisiana Territory

Flag of the United States

Location of Louisiana Territory
A map of the Territory of Louisiana
Government Organized incorporated territory
Governor
 •  1807–1809 Meriwether Lewis
 •  1813–1820 William Clark
History
 •  Established July 4, 1805 1805
 •  Renaming at Louisiana's Statehood June 4, 1812 1812

The Territory of Louisiana or Louisiana Territory was an Missouri Territory.

It was formed out of part of the lands acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase, in which colonial Louisiana was purchased from France.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Establishing the Louisiana Territory 2
  • Boundaries 3
  • Subdivisions 4
  • Government 5
  • Renamed as Territory of Missouri 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Background

The Eighth Congress of the United States on March 26, 1804, passed legislation entitled "An act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof,"[1] which established the Territory of Orleans and the civil District of Louisiana.

This act, which went into effect on October 1, 1804, expanded the authority of the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory to provide temporary jurisdiction over the District of Louisiana.

Establishing the Louisiana Territory

On March 3, 1805, Congress enacted legislation organizing the District of Louisiana into the Louisiana Territory, effective July 4, 1805.

The Territory was governed similarly to Indiana Territory.[2]

Boundaries

The Louisiana Territory included everything in the Louisiana Purchase north of the 33rd parallel (the southern boundary of the present state of Arkansas).

The southern and western boundaries with Spanish Texas and New Mexico were not fully defined until the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819.

Subdivisions

The Louisiana Territory had five subdivisions: St. Louis District, St. Charles District, Ste. Genevieve District, Cape Girardeau District, and New Madrid District.

In 1806, the territorial legislature created the District of Arkansas from lands ceded by the Osage Nation. The remainder was known as the Upper Louisiana Territory.

Government

The seat of government was in the town of St. Louis.

Both Meriwether Lewis (1807–1809) and William Clark (1813–1820) served as territorial governors of the Louisiana Territory.

Renamed as Territory of Missouri

On June 4, 1812, the Twelfth U.S. Congress enacted legislation which renamed Louisiana Territory as Missouri Territory, in order to avoid confusion with the recently admitted State of Louisiana.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "An act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof". United States Statutes at Large. Eighth Congress, Session I, Chapter 38, March 26, 1804, pg. 283–289. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. (accessed December 14, 2008)
  2. ^ "An Act further providing for the government of the district of Louisiana". United States Statutes at Large. Eighth Congress, Session II, Chapter 31, March 3, 1805, pg. 331–332. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. (accessed December 14, 2008)
  3. ^ "An Act providing for the government of the territory of Missouri". United States Statutes at Large. Twelfth Congress, Session I, Chapter 95, June 4, 1812, pg. 742–747. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. (accessed December 14, 2008)

External links


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