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Luxembourgian general election, 2009

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Luxembourgian general election, 2009

Luxembourgian general election, 2009
Luxembourg
2004 ←
7 June 2009
→ 2013

All 60 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
31 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Jean-Claude Juncker Jean Asselborn Claude Meisch
Party CSV LSAP DP
Last election 24 seats, 36.1% 14 seats, 23.4% 10 seats, 16.1%
Seats won 26 13 9
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 1 Decrease 1
Popular vote 1,129,368 695,830 432,820
Percentage 38.04% 21.56% 14.98%
Swing Increase 1.9% Decrease 1.8% Decrease 1.1%

Prime Minister before election

Jean-Claude Juncker
CSV

Prime Minister-designate

Jean-Claude Juncker
CSV

General elections were held in Luxembourg on 7 June 2009, together with the 2009 election to the European Parliament. All sixty members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected for five years. The polls were topped by the Christian Social People's Party, which built upon its already high number of seats to achieve a commanding victory, with the highest vote share and number of seats of any party since 1954. Incumbent Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, who is longest serving head of government in the European Union, renewed the coalition agreement with Deputy Prime Minister and Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party leader Jean Asselborn and formed the Juncker-Asselborn Ministry II, which was sworn-in on 23 July 2009.

Parties

Seven parties ran candidates in all four circonscriptions, of which, five were already represented in the Chamber of Deputies: the Christian Social People's Party (CSV), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), the Democratic Party (DP), the Greens, and the Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR). Two parties that were not then represented also ran: The Left[1] and the Communist Party (KPL). In addition, the Citizens' List, which was headed by current independent deputy Aly Jaerling, ran in two constituencies.

List # Party Running in Seats
Centre Est Nord Sud 2004 Pre-election
1 Communist Party (KPL) 0 0
2 Greens 7 7
3 Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR) 5 4[2]
4 Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) 14 14
5 Democratic Party (DP) 10 10
6 The Left 0 0
7 Christian Social People's Party (CSV) 24 24
8 Citizens' List 0 1[2]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Social People's Party 1,129,368 38.0 26 +2
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party 695,830 21.5 13 –1
Democratic Party 432,820 15.0 9 –1
The Greens 347,388 11.7 7 0
Alternative Democratic Reform Party 232,744 8.1 4 –1
The Left 109,184 3.3 1 +1
Communist Party 49,108 1.4 0
Citizens' List 28,512 0.8 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 13,322
Total 203,535 100 60 0
Registered voters/turnout 223,842 90.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver[3]

By locality

As in 2004, the CSV won pluralities in each of Luxembourg's four circonscriptions, and pluralities in nearly all of Luxembourg's communes. Only four communes didn't register pluralities for the CSV (down from seven in 2004). Wiltz in the north and Dudelange, Kayl, and Rumelange in the southern Red Lands voted for the LSAP.

The CSV's performance improved most markedly in Centre, where it increased its vote from 35.5% to 38.6%. In Centre, the CSV received almost twice as many votes as the Democratic Party in, only ten years after the DP won a plurality by over 2%. It gained one extra seat in Centre, and another in Est.

CSV LSAP DP Greens ADR Left KPL BL
Centre 38.6% 17.8% 19.4% 13.2% 6.3% 3.5% 1.1% 0.0%
Est 41.5% 16.2% 15.4% 14.2% 9.5% 2.3% 1.0% 0.0%
Nord 39.6% 17.4% 18.2% 10.8% 10.3% 2.0% 1.0% 0.8%
Sud 35.6% 28.2% 10.1% 10.2% 7.9% 4.1% 2.2% 1.7%

Aftermath

The CSV's large margin of victory guaranteed that it would form the government once again, with Jean-Claude Juncker appointed as formateur and likely to remain as Prime Minister. Before the election, Juncker, Europe's longest-serving head of government, had told his party that he intended to step down as Minister for Finances, to be replaced by Luc Frieden.[4] This brought into question his chairmanship of the Europe-wide Eurogroup, which he had chaired since 2005. However, he has since stated that he would remain in charge of monetary policy and relations with the European Central Bank.[5]

The CSV was in a strong enough position to form a coalition with any one of three parties: LSAP (partner in the Juncker-Asselborn Ministry I), the DP (partner in the Juncker-Polfer Ministry), and the Greens (who have never entered the government). However, the DP and Greens have both ruled out the possibility of a coalition with the CSV, leaving only the previous coalition partners, LSAP, in the running.[6] The CSV and LSAP formed a coalition agreement, with Juncker as Prime Minister and Jean Asselborn as Deputy Prime Minister, with the new government forming on 23 July.

Footnotes

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