World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Marcin Sulgustowski–Dunin

Article Id: WHEBN0012097226
Reproduction Date:

Title: Marcin Sulgustowski–Dunin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of archbishops of Gniezno and primates of Poland
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Marcin Sulgustowski–Dunin

Marcin Dunin Sulgostowski
Poznań Archcathedral Basilica
Born (1774-11-11)11 November 1774
Wał, Poland
Died 26 December 1842(1842-12-26) (aged 68)
Poznań, Grand Duchy of Posen
Occupation Minister of Religion
Parents Felicjan, Brygida (née Szczakowska)

Marcin Dunin Sulgostowski of Łabędź coat of arms (German: Martin von Dunin) (11 November 1774, Wał – 26 December 1842, Poznań) was archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, primate of Poland.

He was the oldest son of common land owners, Felicjan and Brygida née Szczakowska, and grew up under the protection of his uncle, Wacław Szczakowski. His education began in the Jesuits school in Rawa Mazowiecka, which was at that time a community in Congress Poland. He passed Abitur on the German-language gymnasium in Bromberg (now Bydgoszcz), the historic capital of the Royal Prussian Bromberg district. Between 1793 and 1797, he studied theology in Rome (Polish Rzym) at the Collegium Germanicum. Upon graduation he was ordained a priest.

After his return to Prussia, he started his ecclesiastical career by serving as a canon in the Prussian communities of Wiślica (Wislitz) and Włocławek. In 1815, he became chancellor of the Gniezno (Gnesen) Curia. He also held some secular offices – in 1817 he became the royal Prussian counselor for education in Posen District.

Prussian authorities, considering Dunin's loyalty to the King of Prussia, recommended him as a candidate for the sees of archbishops of Poznań and Gniezno. He was appointed to those offices in 1830 and became bishop one year later. As proof of his loyalty and on demand of the president of Grand Duchy of Posen, Eduard Flottwell, Dunin wrote a pastoral letter condemning the November Uprising. On the other hand, Dunin got permission for Polish priests to communicate in Polish rather than German.

In 1837, the conflict between Prussian authorities and the archbishop began. Dunin, according to the breve of Pius VIII (1830), announced that all mixed marriages between Catholics and Protestants had to take an oath that all their offspring would be raised as Catholics. The Prussian authorities sentenced Dunin to six months of internment and the loss of his archbishopric thrones. His penalty started on April 3 in 1839 in Berlin. The archbishop considered the sentence to be an unjustified intervention of secular authority into ecclesiastical law. He left Berlin and went to Poznań, where he was arrested. He was later sent to prison in the stronghold at Kolberg (Kołobrzeg). After ten months of penalty, the new king Frederick William IV granted his freedom. The monarch, to prevent a possible uprising of the partial Polish majority of the Grand Duchy, decided the dismissal of Flottwell. This was a foretaste of the Kulturkampf.

Dunin held the Prussian Order of the Black Eagle.

After his return to Poznań, Dunin swore loyalty to the new king, but he continued his anti-Prussian politics in church until his death. He was buried in the archcathedral of Poznań.

Works

  • Wilhelm von Schütz; Martin von Dunin: Ueber die preussische Rechtsansicht wegen der gemischten Ehen. Beigefügtes Werk: Nebst Rechtfertigung des Herrn v. Dunin auf die von der königl. Regierung in Berlin durch die Staatszeitung vom 31. Dezember 1838 veröffentlichte Erklärung. Regensburg: Manz, 1839.
  • Martin von Dunin und Franz Pohl: Erzbischof von Gnesen und Posen: eine biographische und kirchenhistorische Skizze. Marienburg: Dormann 1843. Posen: W. Stefański, 1850.
  • Marcin Dunin: Książka do nabożeństwa z polecenia najprzewielebniejszego śp. arcybiskupa Dunina dla wszystkich katolików szczególniej zaś dla wygody katolików Archidiecezyi Poznańskiéj i Gnieźnieńskiéj. 2. ed. 1850.
  • Marcin Dunin: Książka do nabożeństwa dla wszystkich katolików, szczególniéj zaś dla wygody katolików archidyecezyi gnieźnieńskiéj i poznańskiéj / z polecenia najprzewielebniejszego arcybiskupa Dunin ułożone. Leszno: E. Günther, 1853.
  • Marcin Dunin: Książka do nabożeństwa dla wszystkich katolików, szczególniéj zaś dla wygody katolików archidyecezyi gnieźnieńskiéj i poznańskiéj z polecenia najprzewielebniejszego X. arcy-biskupa Dunina ułożona, na nowo z rozkazu najprzewielebniejszego arcy-biskupa X. Leona Przyłuskiego przejrzana. Gnesen: J. B. Lange, 1861.
  • Marcin Dunin: Książka do nabożeństwa dla wszystkich katolików, szczególniéj zaś dla wygody katolików archidyecezyi gnieźnieńskiéj i poznańskiéj / z polecenia najprzewielebniejszego X. arcy-biskupa Dunina ułożona, na nowo z rozkazu najprzewielebniejszego arcy-biskupa X. Leona Przyłuskiego przejrzana. Gnesen: J. B. Lange, 1864.
  • Marcin Dunin: Książka do nabożeństwa dla wszystkich katolików / ułożona podług książki wydanéj z polecenia Najprzewielbniejszego Arcy-biskupa Dunina. Tschenstochau: Kohn und Oderfeld, 1887.
  • Marcin Dunin: Nowy pana naszego Jezusa Chrystusa Testament z łacińskiego na język kpolski prezełożony przez Jakóba Wujka. Posen: Nakł. Ksiegarni Katolickiej, 1888.

References

  • Antoni Gąsiorowski, Jerzy Topolski (red.): Wielkopolski Słownik Biograficzny. Warszawa-Poznań,1983. PWN ISBN 83-01-02722-3
  • Anton Graf: Die Erzbischöfe von Cölln und Posen. Darstellung der welthistorischen Bedeutung der katholischen Frage in Preussen. Leipzig, Müller 1838.
  • Martin von Dunin und Franz Pohl: Erzbischof von Gnesen und Posen: eine biographische und kirchenhistorische Skizze. Marienburg: Dormann 1843. Posen: W. Stefański, 1850.
  • Józef Knjaź Walkowski: Ważne źródło do historyi arcybiskupa Dunina; Ks. Józefa Walkowskiego Pamiętniki pisane w niewoli kołobrzeskiej. Wyd. i wstępem poprzedził Ks. Tadeusz Trzcíński. Poznań: Księgarnia Św. Wojciecha, 1908.
  • Manfred Laubert: Die Wahl Martin von Dunin zum Erzbischof von Gnesen und Posen. Aus: Jahrbücher für Kultur und Geschichte der Slaven; 2.1926, S. 35 - 45.
  • Bernhard Stasiewski: Martin von Dunin. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie, Bd. 4, 1959, S. 197 f.

External links

  • (German) Biography at Radio Berlin-Brandenburg: German and Poles

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.