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Market mechanism

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Title: Market mechanism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of trade of the People's Republic of China, Murray Milgate, Katsuhito Iwai, Economic history of China (1949–present), Chinese industrialization
Collection: Markets (Customer Bases)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Market mechanism

Market mechanism is a term from economics referring to the use of money exchanged by buyers and sellers with an open and understood system of value and time trade-offs to produce the best distribution of goods and services. The use of the market mechanism imply in a free market; there can be captive or controlled markets that seek to use supply and demand, or some other form of charging for scarcity, both in social situations and engineering. This is a main term when it comes to marketing in economics. In this, we have three types of economy free market economy, command or planned economy and mixed economy. In free market economy, all the resources are allocated by private sector (individuals, households, and groups of individuals); in planned economy, all the resources are owned by the public sector (local and central government); and, in mixed economy, the resources are owned by both private and public sector. Resources are allocated according to the forces of demand and supply, and this is known as market mechanism.

Other market mechanisms include government fiscal policy and monetary policy. Described by the Friedman rule' proposed by Milton Friedman.[1] These policies will influence demand by price adjustments through taxes and charges and through adjustments to the value of money by the related supply of money.

See also


  1. ^ M. Friedman (1969), The Optimum Quantity of Money, Macmillan

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