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Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

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Subject: List of Freedom of the City recipients, House of Windsor, List of godchildren of members of the British Royal Family, Princess Royal, Mary of Teck
Collection: 1897 Births, 1965 Deaths, Auxiliary Territorial Service Officers, British Army Generals, British Nurses, British Princesses, Companions of the Order of the Crown of India, Dames Grand Cross of the Order of St John, Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Dames Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Dames of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa, Deaths from Myocardial Infarction, Girlguiding Uk, House of Windsor, Lascelles Family, Members of the Royal Red Cross, People of the Edwardian Era, Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service Officers, Princesses Royal, Recipients of the Canadian Forces Decoration, Royal Air Force Air Marshals, Women of the Victorian Era, Women's Royal Army Corps Officers
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Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

Princess Mary
Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood
The Princess in 1926.
Born (1897-04-25)25 April 1897
York Cottage, Sandringham
Died 28 March 1965(1965-03-28) (aged 67)
Harewood House, Yorkshire
Burial 1 April 1965
All Saints' Church, Harewood, Yorkshire
Spouse Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
(m. 1922–47; his death)
Issue George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood
Gerald Lascelles
Full name
Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary
House House of Windsor from 1917
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha before 1917
Father George V
Mother Mary of Teck

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary; 25 April 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a member of the Queen Mary. The sixth holder of the title of Princess Royal, Mary held the title of princess with the style Highness from birth as the then great-granddaughter of the British sovereign, and later Her Royal Highness, as the granddaughter and finally daughter of the Sovereign. After her marriage, she held the title of Viscountess Lascelles and, from 1929, Countess of Harewood.

Contents

  • Early life 1
    • Birth 1.1
    • Education 1.2
  • Royal duties 2
  • Marriage and children 3
  • Family homes 4
  • Princess Royal 5
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 6
    • Titles and styles 6.1
    • Honours 6.2
      • Honorary military appointments 6.2.1
    • Arms 6.3
  • Ancestry 7
  • Notes and sources 8

Early life

Birth

Princess Mary, centre, with her five brothers

Princess Mary was born at Duke and Duchess of York. Her father was the eldest surviving son of the then Prince and Princess of Wales.

British Royalty
House of Windsor
George V
Edward VIII, Duke of Windsor
George VI
Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
Prince George, Duke of Kent
Prince John
Grandchildren
Prince William of Gloucester
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Prince Michael of Kent
Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy

Mary was named after her paternal great-grandmother (who would have preferred that she be christened 'Diamond' rather than Victoria, because she was born during the Queen's Diamond Jubilee year);[1][2] her paternal grandmother, the Princess of Wales; and her maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Teck. Since she was born on the same day as her deceased greataunt Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, the name Alice was added in. She was always known by the last of her Christian names, Mary. As a great-grandchild of the British monarch (Queen Victoria), she was styled Her Highness Princess Mary of York. In 1898, the Queen passed letters patent granting the children of the Duke and Duchess of York the style, Royal Highness. Mary was then styled Her Royal Highness Princess Mary of York. She was fifth in the line of succession at the time of her birth.

Her baptism took place at King of the Hellenes (her great-uncle); the Dowager Empress of Russia (her paternal great-aunt); the Prince and Princess of Wales (her paternal grandparents); the Duchess of Teck (her maternal grandmother); Princess Victoria of Wales (her paternal aunt); and Prince Francis of Teck (her maternal uncle).[3]

Education

Princess Mary was educated by governesses, but shared some lessons with her brothers, Prince Henry (later Duke of Gloucester, whose birth was the first of many that saw her superseded in the line of succession). She became fluent in German and French and developed a lifelong interest in horses and horse racing. Princess Mary and her husband Lord Harewood regularly rode with the Bramham Moor Hunt where he was Master of the Hunt.[4] Her first state appearance was at the coronation of her parents at Westminster Abbey on 22 June 1911.

Royal duties

The 1914 Christmas gift box.

During Princess Mary's Christmas Gift Fund, through which £100,000 worth of gifts was sent to all British soldiers and sailors for Christmas, 1914. This initiative was revived in 2005 by the charity uk4u-Thanks!. She took an active role in promoting the Girl Guide movement, the VADs, and the Land Girls. In June 1918, following an announcement in The Gentlewoman, she began a nursing course at the Great Ormond Street Hospital, working two days a week in the Alexandra Ward.[5]

Princess Mary's public duties reflected her concerns with nursing, the Girl Guide movement, and the Women's Services.

In the period leading up to her marriage, every girl and woman called Mary in the British Empire donated a penny as a wedding present. This fund she presented to the Girl Guides Association for the purchase of Foxlease, and following the exhibition of her wedding presents, she also contributed half the proceeds to the same cause, for upkeep, a total of £10,000, which enabled the project to go ahead.

She became honorary president of the British Girl Guide Association in 1920, a position she held until her death. It was reported in July 2013 that British Pathe had discovered newsreel film from 1927 in which the ancestors of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge are, as Lord Mayors of Leeds, playing host to Princess Mary at the Young Women's Christian Association in Hunslet, Leeds; both Sir Charles Lupton and his brother Hugh Lupton, were the uncles of Olive Middleton - the Duchess's great grandmother.[6][7][8] In 1926, Princess Mary became the commandant-in-chief of the British Red Cross Detachments.[9]

She was patron of the

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Born: 25 April 1897 Died: 28 March 1965
British royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife
Princess Royal
1932–1965
Vacant
Title next held by
The Princess Anne
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Chancellor of the University of Leeds
1951–1965
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Kent
  1. ^ Clear, Royal Children, p. 78
  2. ^ The Times, 29 March 1965
  3. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page — Royal Christenings
  4. ^ "Bramham Moor Hunt". Leodis - Leeds City Archives. Leeds City Council UK Gov. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  5. ^ 'Court Circular' in The Times, issue 41826 dated 26 June 1918, p. 9
  6. ^ "Black and white footage reveals Duchess of Cambridge's great great great uncle greeting royalty". Daily Mail UK. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Ancestors of Kate Middleton found on film - greeting Princess Mary". British Pathe. Retrieved 17 October 2015. Another film called ‘Princess Mary’ is from 1927 and it shows Kate Middleton’s great-great-great uncle the Lord Mayor of Leeds Hugh Lupton and his wife Lady Mayoress Isabella Lupton greeting Princess Mary who had arrived in Leeds to inaugurate the Girls Week Campaign of Hunslet Young Women’s Christian Association. Princess Mary was King George VI’s sister and therefore is Prince William’s great-great-aunt. 
  8. ^ "Footage found of Duchess of Cambridge's ancestors - meeting royalty". Evening Standard (London). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Allison, Ronald (1991). Allison, Ronald; Riddell, Sarah, eds. The Royal Encyclopedia.  
  10. ^ "Several well-known Leeds musical authorities tell of the opportunities afforded them to talk things musical to her Royal Highness, The Princess Royal". Yorkshire Evening Post West Yorkshire, England. 10 January 1949. Retrieved 20 September 2015. ...(Princess Mary) was concert-going in Leeds as recently as this week-end when (she) attended the concert. The Princess Royal is a patron of the Leeds Triennial Musical Festival. During the last series in October, 1947, she attended most... 
  11. ^ "Hoping for a Boy". Barrier Miner, Broken Hill. 6 September 1950. Retrieved 20 September 2015 – via Trove. ...the Countess plans to attend every night of the Leeds Triennial Musical Festival... 
  12. ^ Ponsonby, Robert (January 2015). "Lascelles, George Henry Hubert, seventh earl of Harewood (1923–2011)".   (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. ^ "Royal babies 1920-1929". Country Life. 
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 33785. p. 1. 29 December 1931.
  15. ^ Bradford, Sarah (1989). King George VI. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. 424.  
  16. ^ Royal Styles and Titles – 1898 Letters Patent
  17. ^ After the accession of her father, George V, she became the child of a Sovereign, and therefore her title changed to The Princess Mary
  18. ^ Heraldica – British Royal Cadency

Notes and sources

Ancestry

In 1931, Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood was awarded her own personal arms, being the royal arms, differenced by a label argent of three points, each bearing a cross gules[18]

Arms

  • 1936–1950: Colonel-in-Chief, of the  Indian Corps of Signals
  • 1937–1965: Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal  Australian Corps of Signals
  • 1930–1965: Colonel-in-Chief, of the Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
  • 1940–1965: Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals
  • 1940–1965: Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal  New Zealand Corps of Signals
  • and several other Commonwealth regiments.

Commonwealth

Princess Mary's coat of arms

British

Honorary military appointments

Foreign Honours

British and Commonwealth Honours

Honours

Born a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, Mary was styled Her Highness Princess Mary of York from birth (this was later changed to Her Royal Highness by Queen Victoria). When Queen Victoria died, for a short time she was known as HRH Princess Mary of Cornwall and York (as her father was now the eldest living son of the monarch and thus Duke of Cornwall as well as Duke of York) and then HRH Princess Mary of Wales when her father was created Prince of Wales. Finally, upon her father's accession as King she was styled and titled HRH The Princess Mary. After her marriage, her Harewood titles were affixed after her royal titles. When the title Princess Royal was conferred upon her in 1932, she became known as HRH The Princess Royal (occasionally HRH The Princess Mary, Princess Royal). Throughout her life and the various title changes, her signature was simply "Mary".

At the time of her death, Princess Mary's full style was: Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Companion of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Member (First Class) of the Royal Red Cross.

  • 25 April 1897 – 28 May 1898[16]: Her Highness Princess Mary of York
  • 28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: Her Royal Highness Princess Mary of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901: Her Royal Highness Princess Mary of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: Her Royal Highness Princess Mary of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 28 February 1922: Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary[17]
  • 28 February 1922 – 6 October 1929: Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary, Viscountess Lascelles
  • 6 October 1929 – 1 January 1932: Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary, Countess of Harewood
  • 1 January 1932 – 28 March 1965: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal (or Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood)

Titles and styles

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Six British monarchs reigned during Princess Mary's lifetime: Prince George.

On 28 March 1965 the Princess Royal suffered a fatal heart attack during a walk with her elder son, Lord Harewood, and his children on the grounds of the Harewood House estate. She was 67 years old. She was buried at Harewood after a private family funeral at York Minster.

The Princess Royal also made history that same month of March 1965, when she visited her brother, the Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) at the London Clinic, where he was recovering from recent eye surgery. The Princess also met her brother's wife, the Duchess of Windsor (at that time, married to the Duke for more than 28 years), one of the Duchess' few meetings with her husband's immediate family up to that time. A few days later, the Queen also visited the Duke of Windsor, and she accepted the presence of the Duchess, who curtsied to her — the first time that a member of the Royal Family had officially received the Duke's wife.

After her husband's death in 1947, the Princess Royal lived at Harewood House with her elder son and his family. She became the chancellor of the University of Leeds in 1951, and continued to carry out official duties at home and abroad. She attended the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in June 1953 and later represented the Queen at the independence celebrations of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962, and Zambia in 1964. One of her last official engagements was to represent the Queen at the funeral of Queen Louise of Sweden in early March 1965.

At the outbreak of the Duke of Kent, she became the president of Papworth. The Princess Royal became air chief commandant of Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service in 1950 and received the honorary rank of general in the British Army in 1956. Also, in 1949, the 10th Gurkha Rifles were renamed the 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles in her honour.

Princess Mary by James Jebusa Shannon

The Princess Royal was particularly close to her eldest brother, the Prince of Wales, who subsequently became Edward VIII (who was known as David to his family). After the abdication crisis, she and her husband went to stay with the former Edward VIII, by then created Duke of Windsor, at Enzenfeld Castle near Vienna. Later, in November 1947, she allegedly declined to attend the wedding of her niece, The Princess Elizabeth, to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten to protest the fact that the Duke of Windsor had not been invited. She gave ill health as the official reason for her non-attendance.[15] The Duke of Windsor was however invited to the weddings of Princess Margaret and Princess Alexandra of Kent, his nieces, but out of bitterness he refused to attend.

On 6 October 1929, Lord Lascelles, who had been created a Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife who had died a year before.[14]

The Princess Royal on a visit to Belfast City Hall, 13 October 1928
Princess Royal On 25 March 1923, her first son George was christened at St Mary's Church, which adjoins Goldsborough Hall by

The Princess and her husband had homes in London, Chesterfield House and in Yorkshire, first Goldsborough Hall, and later Harewood House. While at Goldsborough Hall, Princess Mary had internal alterations made by the architect Sydney Kitson, to suit the upbringing of her two children and instigated the development of formal planting of beech-hedge-lined long borders from the south terrace looking for a quarter of a mile down an avenue of lime trees. The limes were planted by her relatives as they visited the Hall throughout the 1920s, including her father George V and her mother Queen Mary.

Family homes

It was later reported that she did not want to marry Lord Lascelles, that her parents forced her into an arranged marriage, and that Lascelles proposed to her after a wager at his club. Her brother, the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII, to whom she was very close, was against the marriage because he did not want his sister to marry someone whom she did not love. Her elder son, the Earl of Harewood, however, writes about his parents' marriage in his memoirs The Tongs and the Bones and challenges these widespread rumours that the marriage was an unhappy one. He says that "they got on well together and had a lot of friends and interests in common".

Princess Mary and Lord Lascelles had two sons:[13]

On 28 February 1922, Princess Mary married Viscount Lascelles (9 September 1882 – 23 May 1947), the elder son of the then Earl of Harewood, and Lady Florence Bridgeman, daughter of Orlando Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford of Weston Park. Their wedding at Westminster Abbey was the first royal occasion in which the future Queen Elizabeth (wife of King George VI and mother of Queen Elizabeth II), a friend of Princess Mary and one of the bridesmaids, participated. The Princess was 24, Lord Lascelles was 39.

A 1922 wedding portrait of Princess Mary and Viscount Lascelles.

Marriage and children

[12]

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