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Metropolitan Borough of Paddington

Paddington

Paddington within the County of London
Area
 • 1911 1,356 acres (5.49 km2)
 • 1931 1,357 acres (5.49 km2)
 • 1961 1,355 acres (5.48 km2)
Population
 • 1911 142,551
 • 1931 144,923
 • 1961 116,923
Density
 • 1911 105 inhabitants per acre (260/ha)
 • 1931 107 inhabitants per acre (260/ha)
 • 1961 86 inhabitants per acre (210/ha)
History
 • Origin Ancient parish
 • Abolished 1965
 • Succeeded by City of Westminster
Status Civil parish (until 1965)
Metropolitan borough (1900–1965)
Government Paddington Vestry (until 1900, reformed 1855)
Paddington Borough Council (1900–1965)
 • HQ Paddington Town Hall, Harrow Road
Coat of arms of Paddington Borough Council
Coat of arms of Paddington Borough Council

Paddington was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in London, England. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, governed by an administrative vestry. The parish was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855 and became part of the County of London in 1889. The parish of Paddington became a metropolitan borough in 1900, following the London Government Act 1899, with the parish vestry replaced by a borough council. In 1965 the borough was abolished and its former area became part of the City of Westminster in Greater London.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Borough council 2
    • Coat of arms 2.1
    • Town hall 2.2
  • Population and area 3
  • Politics 4
    • Borough council 4.1
    • Parliament constituency 4.2
  • Notable places 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7

History

Its area covered that part of the current City of Westminster west of Edgware Road and Maida Vale, and north of Bayswater Road. Places in the borough included Paddington, Westbourne Green, Bayswater, Maida Hill, West Kilburn, Maida Vale. To the south it bordered the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster, to the east, the Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone.

The borough was abolished on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and its former area merged with that of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster and the Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone to form the present-day City of Westminster.

Borough council

Coat of arms

Bridge roundel with the original borough seal and the year 1900, including the VR designation for Queen Victoria

The borough council's coat of arms, granted by the College of Arms on 5 April 1902, was based on the former Paddington vestry seal. The seal featured crossed swords from the arms of the See of London passing through a mural crown, symbol of local government. To these were added the wolves' heads and blue background from the arms of the first Mayor of the Borough, Sir John Aird.[1][2] Sir John, who was member of parliament for Paddington North, also donated the mayoral badge and chain.[3]

The arms were blazoned as follows:

Azure, two Swords in Saltire proper pommels and hilts Or enfiled with a Mural Crown of the last. Two Wolves heads erased in Chief Argent.[2][3]

Town hall

Paddington Town Hall, designed by James Lockyer in the Classical style, dated from 1853.[4] The building, originally the Vestry Hall, was situated on Paddington Green. It was enlarged in 1900 and 1920. Following its closure in 1965, it was demolished to make way for the Westway urban motorway. The chair used by the Mayors of Paddington at council meetings was preserved, and is currently placed in the hallway at the Council House in Marylebone Road, the current meeting place for Westminster City Council. The war memorial, unveiled in 1924, was moved to the adjacent parish church of St. Mary.[5] The building facade was retained and incorporated into a block of flats.[6]

Population and area

The area of Paddington Metropolitan Borough was 1,357 acres (5.5 km2), once part of Kensal New Town was added after 1901. The population recorded in the Census was:

Paddington Vestry 1801–1899
Year[7] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 1,881 4,609 6,476 14,540 25,173 46,305 75,784 96,813 107,058 117,846
Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961
Year[8] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 143,976 142,551 144,261 144,923 [9] 125,463 116,923
Note that the population statistics up to 1891 exclude the area of Kensal Town transferred from Chelsea in 1900.

Politics

A map showing the wards of Paddington Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of Paddington was divided into four wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 (12), No. 2 (18), No. 3 (18) and No. 4 (24).[10][11]

In 1894 as its population had increased the incorporated vestry was re-divided into six wards (electing vestrymen): Harrow Road (12), Maida Vale (9), Church (12), Westbourne (12), Lancaster Gate (15) and Hyde Park (12).[12][13]

The metropolitan borough was divided into eight wards for elections: Church, Harrow Road, Hyde Park, Lancaster Gate East, Lancaster Gate West, Maida Vale, Queen's Park and Westbourne.[14][15]

Borough council

Parliament constituency

For elections to Parliament, the borough was divided into two and a half constituencies:

In 1918 the borough's representation was reduced to two seats:

Notable places

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b Crossley, Richard (1928). London's Coats of Arms and the Stories They Tell. London: Robert Scott. pp. 162–164. 
  3. ^ a b Beningfield, T J (1964). London 1900–1964. Armorial bearings and regalia of the London County Council, The Corporation of London and The Metropolitan Boroughs. London: Ed J Burrow & Co. Ltd. pp. 129–130. 
  4. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London except the Cities of London and Westminster Harmondsworth 1952
  5. ^ Victoria County History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington (1989)
  6. ^ http://www.thornsettgroup.com/development-history/london/harrow-road-town-hall/
  7. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Paddington
  8. ^ Paddington MetB: Census Tables accessed 19 June 2007
  9. ^ The census was suspended for World War II
  10. ^ The London Gazette Issue: 21802. 20 October 1855. pp. 3879–3881. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1885 Paddington Map". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  12. ^ The London Gazette Issue: 26526. 26 June 1894. p. 3671. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  13. ^ The London Gazette Issue: 26548. 4 September 1894. pp. 5150–5152. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Post Office London County Suburbs Directory, 1919. 1919. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  15. ^ Ordnance Survey 'County Series 3rd Edition' Map of London (1912-14) at 1:2500 scale. Accessed at https://www.old-maps.co.uk/

Further reading

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