World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Middle Irish language

Article Id: WHEBN0010813817
Reproduction Date:

Title: Middle Irish language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alexander I of Scotland, Celtic languages, Robert the Bruce, William Wallace, Scotia, Aengus, David I of Scotland, Donald III of Scotland, Edward Bruce, Áedán mac Gabráin
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Middle Irish language

Middle Irish
Gaoidhealg
Pronunciation [ˈɡɯːʝeɫɡ]
Native to Ireland, Scotland, Isle of Man
Era Evolved into Early Modern Irish/Classical Gaelic about the 12th century
Language family
Early forms
Writing system Latin (Gaelic alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 mga
ISO 639-3 mga
Linguist List Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist

Middle Irish (sometimes called Middle Gaelic[1]) is the name given by historical philologists to the Goidelic language spoken in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man from the 10th to 12th centuries; it is therefore a contemporary of late Old English and early Middle English.[2][3] The modern Goidelic languages—Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx—are all descendants of Middle Irish.

At its height, Middle Irish was spoken throughout Ireland, Scotland and Mann; from Munster in the south to the island of Inchcolm in the Firth of Forth. Its geographical range made it the most widespread of all Insular languages before the late 12th century, when Middle English began to make inroads into Ireland, and many of the Celtic regions of northern and western Britain.

Few medieval European languages can rival the volume of literature extant in Middle Irish. Much of this survival is due to the tenacity of a few early modern Irish antiquarians, but the sheer volume of sagas, annals, hagiographies, and so forth, which survive shows how much confidence members of the medieval Gaelic learned orders had in their own vernacular. Almost all of it survives in Ireland; very little survives in Scotland or Mann. The Lebor Bretnach, the "Irish Nennius", survives only from manuscripts preserved in Ireland; however, Thomas Owen Clancy has recently argued that it was written in Scotland, at the monastery in Abernethy.[4]

Notes

Further reading

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.