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Military of Montenegro

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Title: Military of Montenegro  
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Military of Montenegro

Military of Montenegro
Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore
Founded 2006
Service branches Montenegrin Ground Army
Montenegrin Navy
Montenegrin Air Force
Headquarters Podgorica
Leadership
President Filip Vujanović
Minister of Defence Milica Pejanović Đurišić
Chief of Staff Admiral Dragan Samardžić
Manpower
Military age 18+
Conscription Abolished in 2006
Active personnel 1,920 (2013)
Expenditures
Budget 26.5 million euros (2011)
Percent of GDP 1,07% (2012)
Industry
Domestic suppliers TARA group
Foreign suppliers  Austria
 Germany
 Russia
 Serbia
 Israel
Related articles
History Battle of Grahovac (1858)
Battle of Vučji Do (1876)
Battle of Fundina (1876)
First Balkan War (1912-1913)
Siege of Shkoder ( 1913)
Second Balkan War (1913–1913)
First World War (1914-1918)
Christmas Uprising (1919)
Ranks Montenegrin military ranks
Roundel of the Montenegrin Air Force

The Military of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore) consists of an army, navy and air force. Conscription was abolished in 2006; the military is now a fully professional standing army.

The military currently maintains a force of 1,920 active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the armed forces of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.

Montenegro is a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program and is an official candidate for full membership in the alliance. Montenegro applied for a Membership Action Plan on 5 November 2008, which was granted in December 2009. Montenegro is also a member of Adriatic Charter.

Peacekeeping operations

Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UN auspices as military troops and observers. Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions.[1] Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.[2]

Montenegro sent 39 troops and medical personnel to the ISAF mission in Afghanistan.[3]

Montenegro also participates in UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, UNMIL, Cyprus, UNFICYP as military observers and Somalia, EU-NAVFOR.

Current Mission Organization Country Nr. of personnel
ISAF NATO Afghanistan 39 Members (Military troops and medical team)
UNMIL United Nations Liberia Officers as military observers
UNFICYP United Nations Cyprus Officers as military observers
EU-NAVFOR EU Somalia Navy officers (3)

International Training

Command

Leadership

Ministry of Defense

Bases

Air Bases

Golubovci (Podgorica): Montenegro's only air base. Under army command.

Naval Bases

Bar

Tivat

Army Bases

Army base "Milovan Šaranović", (Danilovgrad)

Equipment

Small Arms

  • Glock 17 Pistol 9x19mm Parabellum[4]
  • CZ-99 Pistol 9 mm
  • G36 5.56 mm Assault rifle
  • M76 7.92 mm Sniper rifle
  • M91 7.62 mm Sniper rifle
  • M93 Black Arrow Long Range Rifle
  • M70A/M70B1 Assault Rifles 7.62 mm
  • Heckler & Koch MP5 Sub machine gun
  • Heckler& Koch PSG-1 Semi-automatic sniper rifle
  • Heckler- Koch HK416 Assault rifle
  • M72 7.62 mm Machine gun
  • M84 7.62 mm Machine gun
  • Steyr AUG A3

Anti-tank rocket systems

Artillery

Vehicles

Navy

Class Number Country Manufactured Notes Picture
Frigate
Kotor class frigate 2  Montenegro - P-33 Kotor
- P-34 Novi Sad
Tugboats
Salvage tug 2  Montenegro - PR-41 (Orada)
- LR-77
Sailing ship
Motor sailboat 2  Montenegro - Bojana
- Milena
Jadran 1  Montenegro Used as a training ship
Motorboat
Motor boat Polycat 1  Montenegro
Motor boat 1  Montenegro - ČM 33
Motor Yacht
Jadranka 1  Montenegro VIP Yacht
in the process of renovation
Končar class Fast Attack Craft 2  Montenegro - RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce
- RTOP-406 Ante Banina

Aircraft

Aircraft Photo Origin Type   Variants   Service entry Number Notes
Trainer Aircraft
Soko G-4 Super Galeb  Yugoslavia Armed Advanced Jet Trainer G-4 / N-62 June 2006 4 14 more are grounded
Utva 75  Yugoslavia Two-seat basic training aircraft. Utva 75 / V-53 June 2006 3 One crashed to Lake Skadar in 2008.
Aerial firefighting
Air Tractor AT-802  United States firefighting, coastal patrol airplane AT-802A 4.6.2009 2 Government aircraft
PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader  Poland firefighting PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader unknown 2
Learjet 45  United States Utility transport Learjet 45 VIP Transport 1 Government aircraft
Transport and Utility Helicopters
Soko Gazelle Gama  France /  Yugoslavia Light Utility helicopter OH-42/45HN-42M June 2006 15 Currently 11 operational.
Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union Transport helicopter Mi-8T/HT-40 June 2006 1

Units & Structure

Structure of the Military of Montenegro (click to enlarge)
Montenegrin soldier holding a HK MP5
Members of the Montenegrin Special Forces participate in a tactical capabilities demonstration at the Danilovgrad Training Center in Montenegro 7 Dec. 2006
  • Honour Battalion
    • Honour Company
    • Military Band
    • Command Station
    • SAS "Zlatica"
  • Military Police Company
    • Military Police Service Platoon
    • 1st Military Police Platoon
    • 2nd Military Police Platoon
    • Traffic Military police Section
  • Light Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Light Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Light Infantry Battalion
    • 3rd Light Infantry Battalion
    • Reconnaissance Company
    • Fire Support Company
    • Air Defence Platoon
  • Special Forces Brigade
    • Counter-Terrorism Battalion
    • Mountain Battalion
    • Engineer Company
    • Marine Platoon
    • Signal Platoon
    • NBCW Platoon
    • Military Police Platoon
  • Training and Support Base
    • Training Center
    • Logistic Center
    • Medical Center
    • Signal Center
  • Air Base
    • Helicopter Squadron
      • 1st (Attack) Section
      • 2nd (Transport) Section
      • 3rd (Utility) Section
    • Air Base Technical Company
    • Air Base Security Platoon
  • Naval Base
    • Naval Command
    • Patrol Boat Unit
    • Coastal Reconnaissance and Guidance Unit
    • Search and Rescue Unit
    • "Jadran" Training Center
    • Signal Platoon
    • Logistic Platoon

The Military before 1918

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria with Bulgaria losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.

The Military of Montenegro before 1918, the year of Montenegro's union with Serbia, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro contributed 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:

Pljevlja Division
The Pljevlja Division was commanded by brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.

Herzegovina Detachment
The Herzegovina Detachment was commanded by Serdar (Count) Janko Vukotić. The detachment was made up of 15 battalions. It had around 15,000 soldiers, and patrolled the border with Herzegovina.

Lovćen Detachment
The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.

'Old Serbia' Detachment
The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and secured the Albanian border.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Spremaju se za Avganistan
  2. ^ ), german-foreign-policy.com, 17.03.2008.Hilfstruppen (German: Subsidiary TroopsDavid Noack:
  3. ^ Kasarna Danilovgrad: Svečanost za vojnike koji idu u Avganistan.
  4. ^ http://www.gov.me/files/1256832119.pdf Page 15
  5. ^ Montenegro army land ground armed forces military equipment armored vehicle intelligence pictures - Army Recognition

External links

  • Official Website (Montenegrin)
  • Montenegro in NATO (Montenegrin)
  • "Europe’s Newest State Trims the Army" (DefenseNews.com)
  • "Appointment of the Acting Chief of the General Staff of the Army of Montenegro" (Website of the President of Montenegro)
  • Montenegrin Armed Forces / Vojska Crne Gore - VCG
  • Perspective of the Military of Montenegro, in English
  • Montenegrin Armed Forces before 1918 / Vojska Crne Gore prije 1918
  • Debate on NATO in Montenegro
  • Milo Đukanović appoints himself as Minister of Defense
  • / Forum article about Montenegrin military (Serbian)
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