World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Minuscule 93

Article Id: WHEBN0021107037
Reproduction Date:

Title: Minuscule 93  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Byzantine text-type, Seventy disciples, List of New Testament minuscules (1–1000), Minuscule 82, Minuscule 177, Minuscule 459
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Minuscule 93

Minuscule 93 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 51 (Soden),[1] formerly known as Codex Graevii, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th-century.[2][3]

Formerly it was labelled it by 17a, 21p, and 18r.[4] It has full marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the New Testament except of the Gospels, with some lacunae (Romans 16:17-27; 1 Corinthians 1:1-7; Hebrews 13:15-25; Revelation 1:1-5), on 270 parchment leaves (22.8 cm by 17.7 cm). The order of books is a usual for the Greek manuscripts: Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, and Apocalypse. The Hebrews follows Philemon.[4]

The text is written in one column per page, 27 lines per page.[2] Text of Rev 1:1-5 was supplied by a later hand.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[4]

It contains prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (table of contents) before each book, liturgical notes at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, subscriptions at the end of each book, numbers of στιχοι, and music notes.[4] It has an additional material: Life of prophets and treatise of Pseudo-Dorotheus about 12 apostles and 70 disciples of Jesus (as codices 82, 177, 459, 613, 617, 699).[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] In Catholic epistles it has 20-30% non-Byzantine readings.[6]


In 1079 the manuscript was bought by Antonius, a monk. It was held in Constantinople and was purchased by Pierre Séguier (1588–1672).[4] It was examined by Bernard de Montfaucon[7] Johann Jakob Wettstein, and Paulin Martin.[8] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4] Herman C. Hoskier collated the text of the Apocalypse.[9]

Formerly it was labelled it by 17a, 21p, and 18r.[4] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 93 to it.[1]

It is currently housed in at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Fonds Coislin, Gr. 205), at Paris.[2]

See also

Bible portal


Further reading

  • Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse: Collation of All Existing Available Greek Documents with the Standard Text of Stephen’s Third Edition Together with the Testimony of Versions, Commentaries and Fathers. 1 vol. (London: Bernard Quaritch, Ltd., 1929), p. 37. (for r)

External links

  • Minuscule 93 at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.