World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Morcar (died 1015)

Article Id: WHEBN0026087902
Reproduction Date:

Title: Morcar (died 1015)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chellaston, Aston-on-Trent, Weston-on-Trent, Morley, Derbyshire, Ingleby, Derbyshire, Ealdgyth (floruit 1015–1016), Wulfric Spot, Sigeferth (died 1015)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Morcar (died 1015)

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Weston
Morcar was given land in Derbyshire in 1009

Morcar (or Morkere) (Old English: Mōrcǣr) (died 1015) was a thane (minister) of King Æthelred the Unready. He was given lands in Derbyshire in 1009 including Weston-on-Trent, Crich and Smalley by King Æthelred,[1] 1011[2] and 1012. He was also given the freedom from the three common burdens.[1] He and his brother were murdered in 1015. Morcar's brother's wife was later married to King Edmund Ironside.

Biography

Morcar was the son of Earngrim according to John of Worcester[3] and his brother was Sigeferth. He was mentioned in the will of Wulfric Spot, brother of Ælfhelm and son of Wulfrun. In 1004, when Wulfric died, he made Morcar a major beneficiary along with Burton Abbey and Ælfhelm.[4]

It is reported that Morcar was married to Ealdgyth who was the daughter of Ælfthryth, the sister of Wulfric and Ælfhelm.[5]

Morcar was a king's thegn (Latin minister) in 1009 when King Æthelred the Unready issued a charter, in which he gave lands to his minister Morcar.[1] The charter shows that he would control the crossings of the River Trent at, Weston-on-Trent, Wilne and King's Mills in Leicestershire. Although not mentioned explicitly the land described at Weston on Trent included ownership of what is now the villages of Shardlow and Aston-on-Trent.

The river crossings at Weston, King's Mill and Wilne control one of the main routes for travelers moving up or down England as this river was a boundary within Mercia. The Domesday book also used the river as a boundary between counties later that century.

The land that Morcar received was listed as eight hides at Weston upon Trent, and a hide each at Morley, Smalley, Ingleby, Crich and Kidsley.[6] This land was given to Morcar, the King's chief minister, and he was given rights that were normally reserved for the King alone. He was given the responsibility for all types of justice and exemption from the Trinoda necessitas. The threefold tax of Trinoda necessitas usually required an obligation on the land to surrender soldiers, to repair fortifications and to repair bridges.[7] Morcar alone could decide a fate of life or death without the need of the authority of the King or his sheriff.[1] Morcar was given further lands in Derbyshire. In 1011 he was given five hides at what (maybe) Mickleover[8] and in 1012, two more at Eckington.[9]

Death

These land grants again came under the control of King Æthelred, when Morcar and his brother, Sigeferth, were murdered by Eadric in 1015. Williams speculates that Morcar may have been involved in swinging support in Northumbria behind Sweyn Forkbeard who was King of Denmark.[10]

King Æthelred seized both Morcar's and Sigeferth's lands, and imprisoned Sigeferth's widow who was called Ealdgyth. King Edmund Ironside then freed the widow and married her. Edmund redistributed some of the lands that had previously belonged to Sigeferth.[11]

References

Secondary sources

  • Williams, Ann. 2003. Æthelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. London. ISBN 1-85285-382-4
  • Faith, Rosamund J. 1997. The English Peasantry and the Growth of Lordship. London.
  • "Morcar 2 (Male)." Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE).

Primary sources

  • Anglo-Saxon Charters
    • S 922 (AD 1009). Archive: Burton Abbey. Available from The British Academy.
    • S 924 (AD 1011). Archive: Burton Abbey.
    • S 1536 (AD 1002 x 1004), will of Wulfric. Archive: Burton Abbey.
    • S 1503 (AD 1014), will of Æthelstan, the ætheling. Archive: Christ Church, Canterbury, and Old Minster, Winchester.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.