World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Motion Picture Academy

Article Id: WHEBN0011431153
Reproduction Date:

Title: Motion Picture Academy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rodney Dangerfield, Walter F. Parkes, Blues in the Night
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Motion Picture Academy

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Abbreviation AMPAS
Formation May 11, 1927
Type Film organization
Headquarters Beverly Hills, California, USA
Location 8949 Wilshire Boulevard
Beverly Hills, California 90211
Membership 5,783[1]
President Cheryl Boone Isaacs

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. The Academy's corporate management and general policies are overseen by a Board of Governors, which includes representatives from each of the craft branches.

The Academy is composed of almost 6,000 motion picture professionals. While the great majority of its members are based in the United States, membership is open to qualified filmmakers around the world.

The Academy is known around the world for its annual Academy Awards, now officially known as The Oscars.[2] In addition, the Academy gives Student Academy Awards annually to filmmakers at the undergraduate and graduate level; awards up to five Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting annually; and operates the Margaret Herrick Library (at the Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study) in Beverly Hills, California and the Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

The current president of the Academy is Cheryl Boone Isaacs.[3] She is the first African American and third woman to lead the Academy.[4]


The notion of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) began with Louis B. Mayer, head of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). He wanted to create an organization that would mediate labor disputes and improve the industry’s image. So, on a Sunday evening, Mayer and three other studio big-wigs - actor Conrad Nagel, director Fred Niblo, and the head of the Association of Motion Picture Producers, Fred Beetson - sat down and discussed these matters. The idea of this elite club having an annual banquet was tossed around, but there was no mention of awards just yet. They also established that membership into the organization would only be open to people involved in one of the five branches of the industry: actors, directors, writers, technicians, and producers.[5]

After their brief meeting, Mayer gathered up a group of thirty-six people involved in the film industry and invited them to a formal banquet at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles on January 11, 1927.[6] That evening Mayer presented to those guests what he called the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, and it was open to those who had contributed to the motion picture industry. Everyone in the room that evening became a founder of the Academy. It wasn’t until later, when Mayer’s lawyers wrote up the charter, that the name changed to "Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences".[5]

Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. was elected as the first president of the Academy. As one of his first acts, he added an activity of bestowing “awards of merit for distinctive achievement.” However, they were on the brink of forming something historical. A year later the voting system for the Awards was established, and the nomination and selection process began.[7] This "award of merit for distinctive achievement" is what we know now as the Academy Award.

In 1929, the Academy, in a joint venture with the University of Southern California, created America's first film school to further the art and science of moving pictures. The School’s founding faculty included Fairbanks (President of the Academy), D. W. Griffith, William C. deMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, and Darryl F. Zanuck.

In 2009 the inaugural Governors Awards were held, at which the Academy awards the Academy Honorary Award and the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award.

Galleries and theaters

The Academy’s numerous and diverse operations are housed in three facilities in the Los Angeles area: the headquarters building in Beverly Hills, which was constructed specifically for the Academy, and two Centers for Motion Picture Study – one in Beverly Hills, the other in Hollywood – which were existing structures restored and transformed to contain the Academy’s Library, Film Archive and other departments and programs.

The Academy's main building in Beverly Hills houses two galleries that are open free to the public. The Grand Lobby Gallery and the Fourth Floor Gallery offer changing exhibits related to films, film-making and film personalities.

The Samuel Goldwyn Theater seats 1,012, and was designed to present films at maximum technical accuracy, with state-of-the-art projection equipment and sound system. Located in the headquarters building, the theater is busy year-round with the Academy's public programming, members-only screenings, movie premieres and other special activities (including the live television broadcast of the Academy Awards nominations announcement every January).

The Academy Little Theater is a 67-seat screening facility also located at the Academy's headquarters in Beverly Hills.

The Linwood Dunn Theater is located at the Academy’s Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood and seats 286 people.

The Academy also has a New York-based East Coast showcase theater, the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International. The 220-seat venue was redesigned in 2011 by renowned theater designer, Theo Kalomirakis, including an extensive installation of new audio and visual equipment. The theater is in the East 59th Street headquarters of the non-profit vision loss organization, Lighthouse International.[8]

The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures will be the newest facility associated with the Academy. is a Los Angeles museum currently under construction. It is scheduled to open in 2017 and will contain over 290,000 square feet of state-of-the-art galleries, exhibition spaces, movie theaters, educational areas, and special event spaces. The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures will be the world's premier museum devoted to exploring and curating the history and future of the moving image.[9]


Membership in the Academy is by invitation only. Invitation comes from the Board of Governors. Membership eligibility may be achieved by earning a competitive Oscar nomination, or an existing member may submit a name based on another significant contribution to the field of motion pictures.

New membership proposals are considered annually. The Academy does not publicly disclose its full membership, although press releases have announced the names of those who have recently been invited to join. Membership in the Academy does not expire, even if a member struggles later in his or her career.[10]

Academy membership is divided into 16 branches, representing different disciplines in motion pictures. Members may not belong to more than one branch. Members whose work does not fall within one of the branches may belong to a group known as "Members at Large". Members at Large have all the privileges of branch membership except for representation on the Board. Associate members are those closely allied to the industry but not actively engaged in motion picture production. They are not represented on the Board and do not vote on Academy Awards.

According to a February 2012 study conducted by the Los Angeles Times (sampling over 5,000 of its 5,765 members), the Academy is 94% white, 77% male, 14% under the age of 50, and has a median age of 62. In addition, 33% of members are previous winners or nominees of Academy Awards themselves.[11]

Members are able to see many new films for free at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater and other facilities within two weeks of their debut, and sometimes before release.[12]

Academy branches

The 17 branches of the Academy are:

  1. Actors
  2. Casting Directors (created July 31, 2013)[13]
  3. Cinematographers
  4. Costume Designers (created from former Art Directors Branch)[14]
  5. Designers (created from former Art Directors Branch)[14]
  6. Directors
  7. Documentary
  8. Executives
  9. Film Editors
  10. Makeup Artists and Hairstylists
  11. Music
  12. Producers
  13. Public Relations
  14. Short Films and Feature Animation
  15. Sound
  16. Visual Effects
  17. Writers

Board of Governors

As of July 2013, the Board of Governors consists of 48 members (governors), consisting of three governors each from 16 of the 17 Academy branches. The Makeup Artists and Hairstylists Branch, created in 2006, had only one governor until July 2013.[14] The Casting Directors Branch, created in 2013, will elect its first three governors in fall 2013.[13] The Board of Governors is responsible for corporate management, control and general policies. The Board of Governors also appoints a CEO and a COO to supervise the administrative activities of the Academy.

Original 36 founders of the Academy

From the original formal banquet hosted by Louis B. Mayer in 1927, everyone invited became a founder of the Academy:[15]

Presidents of the Academy

Presidents are elected for one-year terms and may not be elected for more than four consecutive terms.

# Namme Term
1 Douglas Fairbanks 1927–1929
2 William C. deMille 1929–1931
3 M. C. Levee 1931–1932
4 Conrad Nagel 1932–1933
5 J. Theodore Reed 1933–1934
6 Frank Lloyd 1934–1935
7 Frank Capra 1935–1939
8 Walter Wanger
(1st time)
9 Bette Davis 1941
(resigned after two months)
10 Walter Wanger
(2nd time)
11 Jean Hersholt 1945–1949
12 Charles Brackett 1949–1955
13 George Seaton 1955–1958
14 George Stevens 1958–1959
15 B. B. Kahane 1959–1960
16 Valentine Davies 1960–1961
17 Wendell Corey 1961–1963
18 Arthur Freed 1963–1967
19 Gregory Peck 1967–1970
20 Daniel Taradash 1970–1973
21 Walter Mirisch 1973–1977
22 Howard W. Koch 1977–1979
23 Fay Kanin 1979–1983
24 Gene Allen 1983–1985
25 Robert Wise 1985–1988
26 Richard Kahn 1988–1989
27 Karl Malden 1989–1992
28 Robert Rehme
(1st time)
29 Arthur Hiller 1993–1997
30 Robert Rehme
(2nd time)
31 Frank Pierson 2001–2005
32 Sid Ganis 2005–2009
33 Tom Sherak 2009–2012
34 Hawk Koch 2012–2013
35 Cheryl Boone Isaacs 2013–present

Current administration of the Academy

Academy Officers 2013-2014[3][4]
Board of Governors 2013-2014[14][16]
Governor Branch
Apted, MichaelMichael Apted Documentary
Bailey, JohnJohn Bailey Cinematographers
Barron, CraigCraig Barron Visual Effects
Begley, Jr., EdEd Begley, Jr. Actors
Behlmer, CurtCurt Behlmer Sound
Bening, AnnetteAnnette Bening Actors
Bigelow, KathrynKathryn Bigelow Directors
Bissell, JimJim Bissell Designers
Blondell, KathrynKathryn Blondell Makeup Artists and Hairstylists
Bloom, JonJon Bloom Short Films and Feature Animation
Boone Isaacs, CherylCheryl Boone Isaacs Public Relations
Carter, RickRick Carter Designers
Cholodenko, LisaLisa Cholodenko Directors
Condon, BillBill Condon Writers
Cook, DickDick Cook Executives
Corso, BillBill Corso Makeup Artists and Hairstylists
Crudo, RichardRichard Crudo Cinematographers
Edlund, RichardRichard Edlund Visual Effects
Engelman, LeonardLeonard Engelman Makeup Artists and Hairstylists
Epstein, RobRob Epstein Documentary
Fox, CharlesCharles Fox Music
Friedman, RobRob Friedman Public Relations
Gibney, AlexAlex Gibney Documentary
Goldblatt, MarkMark Goldblatt Film Editors
Hall, DonDon Hall Sound
Hamilton, ArthurArthur Hamilton Music
Hanks, TomTom Hanks Actors
Hurd, Gale AnneGale Anne Hurd Producers
Johnson, MarkMark Johnson Producers
Kennedy, KathleenKathleen Kennedy Producers
Klingman, LynzeeLynzee Klingman Film Editors
Knoll, JohnJohn Knoll Visual Effects
Kroyer, BillBill Kroyer Short Films and Feature Animation
Kurland, JeffreyJeffrey Kurland Costume Designers
Lasseter, JohnJohn Lasseter Short Films and Feature Animation
Makovsky, JudiannaJudianna Makovsky Costume Designers
Mann, MichaelMichael Mann Directors
Millan, ScottScott Millan Sound
Nadoolman, DeborahDeborah Nadoolman Costume Designers
Newman, DavidDavid Newman Music
Pascal, AmyAmy Pascal Executives
Pascale, JanJan Pascale Designers
Rehme, RobertRobert Rehme Executives
Robinson, Phil AldenPhil Alden Robinson Writers
Spinotti, DanteDante Spinotti Cinematographers
Swicord, RobinRobin Swicord Writers
Tronick, MichaelMichael Tronick Film Editors
Utley, NancyNancy Utley Public Relations

See also


External links

  • Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  • The Official Academy Awards Database of Winners and Nominees
  • Margaret Herrick Library
  • Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study - Academy Film Archive
  • YouTube (operated by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
  • , April 2, 1938, history of the Academy and Screen Actors Guild
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.