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House of Mountbatten

Mountbatten
Coat of arms of the main House of Battenberg later Mountbatten
Members Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Connected members Prince George of Battenberg
Connected families House of Windsor, House of Hesse
Estate Broadlands, Hampshire, UK

The House of Mountbatten is a European dynasty originating as a branch of the Germany princely House of Hesse-Darmstadt, itself a cadet branch of the House of Hesse, in the mid 19th century.

The family now includes the Marquesses of Carisbrooke and Milford Haven, as well as the Earls Mountbatten of Burma. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, the consort of Queen Elizabeth II, adopted the surname of Mountbatten from his mother's family in 1947, although he is a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg by patrilineal descent. Lady Louise Mountbatten became Queen Consort of Sweden, after having married Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden.

Contents

  • Origins 1
  • Members 2
    • Marquess of Milford Haven 2.1
    • Earl Mountbatten of Burma 2.2
    • Marquess of Carisbrooke 2.3
    • Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 2.4
      • Mountbatten-Windsor 2.4.1
  • Legacy 3
  • Coats of Arms 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Origins

The Mountbatten family are a branch of the German house of Battenberg. The Battenberg family was a Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine; Julia was elevated her title to Princess of Battenberg with the style Serene Highness (HSH) in 1858.[1]

Two of Alexander and Julia's sons, Marquess of Milford Haven, while Prince Alexander, Prince Henry's eldest son, became the 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke.[1][3]

Members

Marquess of Milford Haven

Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven

The marquessate of Milford Haven was created in 1917 for Prince Louis of Battenberg, the former First Sea Lord, and a relation to the British Royal family. He was at the same time made Earl of Medina and Viscount Alderney, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[3] Princess Alice of Battenberg never took the name Mountbatten as she married Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark in 1903; her son, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, took the name upon becoming a naturalised British citizen.[4]

The heir apparent to the marquessate is the present holder's son Henry David Louis Mountbatten, Earl of Medina (b. 1991)

The 1st Marquess's youngest daughter, Lady Louise Mountbatten, married the crown prince of Sweden in 1923. On his accession in 1950 as Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Louise became Queen consort of Sweden.[5][6]

Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Louis Mountbatten, the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Earl Mountbatten of Burma is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, created in 1947 for Rear Admiral Louis Mountbatten, 1st Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, youngest son of the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven and the last Viceroy of India. The letters patent creating the title specified the following special remainder to his daughters. The subsidiary titles of the Earldom are Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, of Romsey in the County of Southampton, created 1946, and Baron Romsey, of Romsey in the County of Southampton, created in 1947. Both of these titles, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, have the same special remainder as the Earldom.[7]

The heir apparent to the earldom is the present holder's son Norton Knatchbull, 8th Baron Brabourne (b. 1947)

Marquess of Carisbrooke

Marquess of Carisbrooke was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, created in 1917 for Prince Alexander of Battenberg, eldest son of Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom and Prince Henry of Battenberg. He was made Viscount Launceston, in the County of Cornwall, and Earl of Berkhampsted at the same time, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[3] The titles became extinct upon Lord Carisbrooke's death in 1960, as he had no sons.

His brothers were:

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

George V.

Mountbatten-Windsor

Mountbatten-Windsor is the personal surname of some of the descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh under an Order in Council issued in 1960, which has not been applied consistently. While the Order specifically applies the surname "Mountbatten-Windsor" to male-line descendants of the Queen not holding Royal styles and titles, "Mountbatten-Windsor" has been formally used by some descendants of Queen Elizabeth II who do hold Royal styles. The surname was first officially used by The Princess Anne in 1973, in the wedding register for her marriage to Captain Mark Phillips.[8] The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge used the names "Monsieur et Madame Mountbatten-Windsor" when filing a French lawsuit against the French magazine, Closer.[9][10]

Mountbatten-Windsor differs from the official name of the British Royal Family or Royal House, which remains Windsor. The adoption of the Mountbatten-Windsor surname applies only to members of the Royal Family who are descended from the Queen, and not, for example, to her cousins, or descendants of her sister, Princess Margaret.[8]

Legacy

The city of Ottawa, Ontario, erected Mountbatten Avenue in memory of the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma. A Royal Canadian Sea Cadets corps, RCSCC #134 Admiral Mountbatten, was named after him in 1946.[11] A 9'5" bronze statue by Franta Belsky of Lord Mountbatten of Burma was erected in 1983 outside the Foreign Office, overlooking Horse Guards Parade. The earl is dressed in the uniform of an Admiral of the Fleet.[12]

The


  1. ^ a b Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1973). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. pp. 303–304.  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b c The London Gazette: no. 30374. p. 11594. 9 November 1917.
  4. ^ a b Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Garry (2002). Fifty Years the Queen. Toronto, Canada: Dundurn Press. p. 101.  
  5. ^ Aronson, Theo (1973). Grandmama of Europe: the crowned descendants of Queen Victoria, Part 352. Cassell.  
  6. ^ Judd, Denis (1976). Eclipse of kings: European monarchies in the twentieth century. Macdonald and Jane's.  
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44059. p. 8227. 21 July 1966. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  8. ^ a b "The Royal Family name". The British Monarchy. n.d. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  9. ^ Lichfield, John (19 September 2012). "William and Kate win legal battle - but lose war to keep topless photos under wraps". Independent. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Tribunal de Grande Instance de Nanterre referes Judgement de Refere Rendu le 18 Septembre 2012" (PDF). Tribunal de Grande Instance de Nanterre. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Mountbatten Avenue". National Inventory of Military Memorials. National Defence Canada. 16 April 2008. 
  12. ^ Baker, Margaret (2002). Discovering London Statues and Monuments. Bucks, UK: Shore Publications Ltd. p. 20.  
  13. ^ "About Us". Mountbatten Institute. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44059. p. 8227. 21 July 1966. Retrieved 20 September 2012.

References

See also


Coats of Arms

[13]

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