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Nassau-Usingen

Nassau-Usingen was a county of the Holy Roman Empire in the Upper Rhenish Circle that became a principality in 1688.

The origin of the county lies in the medieval county of Weilnau that was acquired by the counts of Nassau-Weilburg in 1602. That county was divided in 1629 into the lines of Nassau-Weilburg, Nassau-Idstein and Nassau-Saarbrücken that was divided only 30 years later in 1659.

The emerging counties were Nassau-Saarbrücken, Nassau-Ottweiler and Nassau-Usingen. At the beginning of the 18th century 3 of the Nassau lines died out and Nassau-Usingen became their successor (1721 Nassau-Idstein, 1723 Nassau-Ottweiler und 1728 Nassau-Saarbrücken). In 1735 Nassau-Usingen was divided again into Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Saarbrücken. In 1797 Nassau-Usingen inherited Nassau-Saarbrücken.

On July 17, 1806 the counties of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Under pressure from Napoleon both counties merged to become the Duchy of Nassau on August 30, 1806 under joint rule of Prince Frederick August of Nassau-Usingen and his younger cousin Prince Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg. As Frederick August had no heirs he agreed that Frederick William should become sole ruler after his death. However Frederick William died from a fall on the stairs at Weilburg Castle on 9 January 1816 and it was his son William who became duke of a unified Nassau.

List of rulers

reign name born died relation to predecessor
1640/59-1702 Walrad 5-3-1635 17-10-1702 son of William Louis of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1702-1718 William Henry 2-5-1684 14-2-1718 son of Walrad
1718-1775 Charles 1-1-1712 21-6-1775 son of William Henry
1775-1803 Charles William 9-11-1735 17-5-1803 son of Charles
1803-1806 Frederick Augustus 23-4-1738 24-3-1816 brother of Charles William

See also

Sources

  • The Dutch Nassau-Usingen and the German Nassau-Usingen World Heritage Encyclopedia articles
  • The German webpage Fürstentum Nassau-Usingen
  • The divisions of the House of Nassau
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