World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nefyn

Article Id: WHEBN0000972379
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nefyn  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Llŷn Peninsula, Tudweiliog, Aberdaron, Morfa Nefyn, Llithfaen
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Nefyn

Nefyn

A view over Nefyn
Nefyn is located in Gwynedd
Nefyn
 Nefyn shown within Gwynedd
Population 2,602 (2011)
OS grid reference
Community Nefyn
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PWLLHELI
Postcode district LL53
Dialling code 01758
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Caernarfon
Welsh Assembly Dwyfor Meirionnydd
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Nefyn (Welsh pronunciation: ) is a small town and community on the north west coast of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, Wales. Historically in Caernarfonshire, it has a population of 2,602.[1] Nefyn is popular with visitors for its sandy beach, and has one substantial hotel. Welsh is the first language of almost 73% of its inhabitants. The A497 road terminates in the town centre. The community includes Edern.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Parish church and origin of the name Nefyn 1.1
    • 20th century and after 1.2
  • Governance 2
  • Notable people 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The history of the area can be traced back to 300 BC with the Iron Age hillfort of Garn Boduan overlooking Nefyn. The remains of 170 round stone huts and ramparts are still visible on top of the 917 feet (280 m) hill.

The earliest known reference to Nefyn in documents dates from the latter part of the 11th century, when it is mentioned as a landing place of the Welsh prince, Gruffudd ap Cynan.[2]

Gerald of Wales, writing in his account of a journey around Wales in 1188, says that he slept at Nefyn on the eve of Palm Sunday.

Nefyn was the location of the court of the commote of Dinlaen: part of the cantref of Llŷn.

Edward I of England held a jousting tournament in the town in 1284 to celebrate his victory over the Welsh, emphasising its importance at that time as a trading town. In 1355 it became a free borough and remained an important centre of commerce.

The sea was always an important part of the economy of Nefyn; and fishing, particularly for herring, became the prime trade for most of the 18th and 19th centuries: so much so that the town's coat of arms bears three herrings. Herring were locally referred to as "Nefyn beef".[3] In 1910 Nefyn had 40 herring fishing boats, but herring fishing ceased around the time of World War I. The area nurtured many ship's captains in the age of sail, and shipbuilding was also an important local industry. About 3 miles to the south-west is Madryn Castle, home of Sir Love Jones-Parry, one of the founders of the settlement of Puerto Madryn in Argentina.

Parish church and origin of the name Nefyn

The foundations of the old St Mary's parish church date from the 6th century, although the present building was erected in 1827. It would have been an important staging post for pilgrimages to Ynys Enlli (Bardsey Island). The old church is no longer a place of worship but houses a museum dedicated to the maritime history of Nefyn. Since 2013, archaeologists have been investigating the area under the church and have uncovered a 13th-14th century brooch and the remains of a lady buried sometime between 1180 and 1250 in an older form of entombment called a cist grave.[4]

Nefyn is now part of a wider ministry area led by former hostage negotiator and Arsenal fan the Reverend Richard Wood.

The name Nefyn is thought to derive from the Irish/Gaelic name Nevin or Cnaimhín. The Romans recorded a tribe occupying the peninsula called the 'Gangani', who are also recorded as a tribe in Ireland. 'Nevin' as a name generally translates as 'Little Saint'. Nefyn is another form of Nyfain, an early Welsh female saint.

20th century and after

Nefyn and District Golf Club was formed in 1907. The course added a further 9 holes in 1912 and a third set of 9 holes in 1933. The current course is made up of a front ten with a choice of two back eights. It is set high on the sea cliffs of the narrow peninsula overlooking Porthdinllaen bay.

Nefyn football club, Nefyn United F.C., was formed in 1932 and has enjoyed some success over the years, winning numerous league titles. At present the senior team competes in the Welsh Alliance League: it was promoted from the Gwynedd League in 2005-06.

During World War II, the Royal Air Force built a Chain Home radar station to the south-west of Nefyn.

A tremor in the area on 12 December 1940 was reported by the Cambrian News as having caused two fatalities including John Thomas of Nefyn who died of a heart attack.[5]

On 19 July 1984 an earthquake measuring 5.4 on the Richter scale had an epicentre near Nefyn. This was one of the strongest tremors recorded in Britain for recent times but caused little structural damage.

Nefyn is twinned with Puerto Madryn, a town in Chubut Province in Argentina (see Welsh settlement in Argentina).

Governance

There are two electoral wards within the confines of Nefyn (Nefyn and Morfa Nefyn). The population of Nefyn Ward at the 2011 census was 1,373.[6]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Census 2011 : Neighbourhood Statistics : Parish Headcounts : SexOffice for National Statistics :
  2. ^ Roland Bond (2008). Nefyn: The story of an ancient Gwynedd town and parish. Gwasg Carreg Gwalch.  
  3. ^ Information display at the town's watch tower, produced by the Nefyn Town Trust
  4. ^ http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/medieval-tomb-uncovered-nefyn-church-8937636
  5. ^ Musson, RMW (2003) Fatalities in British earthquakes, in: Astronomy & Geophysics; 44 (1), 1.14–1.16. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2003.44114.x
  6. ^ "Nefyn Ward population 2011". Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru. "Elizabeth Watkin-Jones". Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  8. ^ Radio Times interview, 22 November 2008

Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Welsh Language - 2011 Census [3]

Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Full List - Parish of Nefyn - 2011 Census [4]

External links

  • Former Nefyn resident's relatives in America
  • Herring fishing at Nefyn
  • Nefyn.com - This site contains stories and photos from a former Nefyn resident.
  • Nefyn, Wales Recollections from America. Brian Owen (2012). LULU. ISBN 978-1-105-54781-2.
  • The Last Great Nefyn Herring Catch 1950
  • Draw Netting in Nefyn 1954
  • An Evacuee's Story: From Kent to North Wales
  • Shipbuilding in Nefyn
  • Further archival information on Nefyn
  • Flikr Search for Nefyn Photographs
  • Panoramio Search for Nefyn Photographs
  • Online guide to the Llŷn Peninsula
  • www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Nefyn and surrounding area
  • British Geological Survey case study of landslide in Nefyn in 2001
  • Ysgol Gynradd Nefyn Primary School
  • Nefyn Football Club
  • Nefyn and District Golf Club
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.