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No. 524 Squadron RAF

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Title: No. 524 Squadron RAF  
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Subject: Martin PBM Mariner, RAF Bircham Newton, RAF Davidstow Moor, RAF Langham, List of Vickers Wellington operators, RAF Dallachy
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No. 524 Squadron RAF

No. 524 Squadron RAF
Active 20 Oct 1943 – 7 Dec 1943
7 Apr 1944 – 25 May 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Part of No. 15 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Okt 43 – Dec 43)
No. 19 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Apr 44 – Jul 44)
No. 16 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Jul 44 – May 45)[1]
Insignia
Squadron Codes 7R (Apr 1944 – May 1945)[2][3]

No. 524 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Coastal Command aircraft squadron that operated during the Second World War.

History

No. 524 Squadron was formed at RAF Oban, Argyll and Bute in Scotland on 20 October 1943 to operate the Martin Mariner flying boat.[4][5][6] The squadron's role was to introduce the Mariner into RAF service.[7] By the end of 1943 the aircraft was ready for operations but the RAF had decided not to operate the type and the squadron was disbanded on either 7 December 1943[5][6] or 29 January 1944.[1][4]

The squadron was reformed at RAF Davidstow Moor on 7 April 1944 to operate the Vickers Wellington.[4][5][6] The squadron carried out night operations of the French coast in preparation for D-Day, mainly attacking E-boats and submarines but also other shipping.[7] It also provided escort to Coastal Command Beaufighters carrying out night strikes. After the Normandy Invasion the squadron moved to the east of England to RAF Docking in a similar role along the Dutch coast. The squadron also directed surface vessels to attack enemy shipping.[7] With the end of the war approaching the squadron was disbanded on either 25 May 1945[5][6] or on 25 June 1945 at RAF Langham,[1][4] the appointment of S/Ldr. Willis pointing to the latter.

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Aircraft Version Type
October 1943 January 1944 Martin Mariner Mk.I Twin-engined maritime patrol flying boat
April 1944 January 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIII Twin-engined medium bomber
December 1944 May 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIV Twin-engined medium bomber

Squadron bases

Bases and airfields used by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Base Remark
20 October 1943 7 December 1943 RAF Oban, Argyll, Scotland
7 April 1944 1 July 1944 RAF Davidstow Moor, Cornwall
1 July 1944 23 July 1944 RAF Docking, Norfolk
23 July 1944 17 October 1944 RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk Dets. at RAF Docking, Norfolk; RAF Langham, Norfolk
and RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland (under No. 18 Group RAF, Coastal Command[1])
17 October 1944 25 May 1945 RAF Langham, Norfolk Det. at RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland

Commanding officers

Officers commanding no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4]
From To Name
October 1943 December 1943 W/Cdr. W.E.M. Lowry
April 1944 July 1944 S/Ldr. A.W.B. Naismith
July 1944 May 1945 W/Cdr. R.G. Knott, DSO, DFC
May 1945 June 1945 S/Ldr. G.E. Willis, DFC

References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links

  • Squadron history on MOD site
  • Squadron bases on www.rafcommands.com
  • Squadron histories for nos. 521–540 sqn on RafWeb's Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation
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