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Odakyū Odawara Line


The Odakyū Odawara Line (小田急小田原線 Odakyū-Odawara-sen) is the main line of Japanese private railway operator Odakyū Electric Railway. It extends 82.5 km from Shinjuku in central Tokyo through the southwest suburbs to the city of Odawara, the gateway to Hakone in Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a busy commuter line and is also known for its "Romancecar" limited express services. From Yoyogi-Uehara Station some trains continue onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line and beyond to the East Japan Railway Company Jōban Line.

Contents

  • General definition 1
    • Country official unique definitions 1.1
      • Australia 1.1.1
      • Brazil 1.1.2
      • Canada 1.1.3
      • Denmark 1.1.4
      • Egypt 1.1.5
      • European Union 1.1.6
      • France 1.1.7
      • India 1.1.8
      • Indonesia 1.1.9
      • Israel 1.1.10
      • Japan 1.1.11
      • Korea 1.1.12
      • Philippines 1.1.13
      • Spain 1.1.14
      • Turkey 1.1.15
      • United Kingdom 1.1.16
      • United States 1.1.17
      • Vietnam 1.1.18
  • Megalopolis 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Operation

Destinations are from Shinjuku unless noted. English abbreviations are tentative for this article.

Nihongo
Collectively known as "Romancecar" services, there is an extra seat charge for limited express service. Trains bound for: Odawara; Katase-Enoshima on the Enoshima Line; on the Tama Line; Hakone-Yumoto on the Hakone Tozan Railway; and Gotemba on the Central Japan Railway Company Gotemba Line.
Nihongo (RE)
No extra charge. Most services are for Fujisawa on the Odakyu Enoshima Line.
Nihongo (E)
Most services are for Odawara; others for Katase-Enoshima and through to the Hakone Tozan Line. Some inbound morning services from Karakida run through on the Chiyoda and Jōban Lines.
Nihongo (TE)
Services from Ayase on the Chiyoda Line to Karakida.
Nihongo (SE)
Services for Odawara and Hon-Atsugi. Some inbound morning services run through on the Chiyoda and Jōban Lines.
Nihongo (SSE)
Most services for Karakida, with others for Shin-Matsuda.
Nihongo
Most services for Hon-Atsugi; others to Odawara, through to Katase-Enoshima and the Tama and Hakone Tozan lines. Also service between Shin-Matsuda to Hakone-Yumoto

Stations

Notes:

  • See the Romancecar article for information on Odakyū Romancecar limited express services.
  • Local trains stop at every station.

Legend:

  • ● - all trains stop at this station; ■ - some trains stop at this station;|- all trains pass
  • SSE - Section Semi-Express; SE - Semi-Express; TE - Tama Express; E - Express; RE - Rapid Express
Station Japanese Distance (km) SSE SE TE E RE Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
Shinjuku 新宿 - 0.0 To Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line, Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan Shinjuku Line
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-08)
Toei Ōedo Line (E-27) (Shinjuku-Nishiguchi (E-01)), Toei Shinjuku Line(S-01)
Keiō Line, Keiō New Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line (Seibu-Shinjuku)
Shinjuku Tokyo
Minami-Shinjuku 南新宿 0.8 0.8   Shibuya
Sangūbashi 参宮橋 0.7 1.5  
Yoyogi-Hachiman 代々木八幡 1.2 2.7  
Through to Chiyoda Line and Jōban Line: ○Tama Express (all trains): to Toride via the Chiyoda Line and Jōban Line
○Express (weekday mornings): to Abiko via Chiyoda/Jōban Lines
○Semi-express (some trains): to Ayase via Chiyoda Line
Yoyogi-Uehara 代々木上原 0.8 3.5 Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-01)
Higashi-Kitazawa 東北沢 0.7 4.2   Setagaya
Shimo-Kitazawa 下北沢 0.7 4.9 Keiō Inokashira Line
Setagaya-Daita 世田谷代田 0.7 5.6  
Umegaoka 梅ヶ丘 0.7 6.3  
Gōtokuji 豪徳寺 0.7 7.0 Tōkyū Setagaya Line (Yamashita)
Kyōdō 経堂 1.0 8.0  
Chitose-Funabashi 千歳船橋 1.2 9.2  
Soshigaya-Ōkura 祖師ヶ谷大蔵 1.4 10.6  
Seijōgakuen-Mae 成城学園前 1.0 11.6  
Kitami 喜多見 1.1 12.7  
Komae 狛江 1.1 13.8   Komae
Izumi-Tamagawa 和泉多摩川 0.6 14.4  
Noborito 登戸 0.8 15.2 Nambu Line Tama-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa
向ヶ丘遊園 0.6 15.8  
生田 2.1 17.9  
読売ランド前 1.3 19.2  
百合ヶ丘 1.3 20.5   Asao-ku, Kawasaki
新百合ヶ丘 1.0 21.5 Odakyū Tama Line (through to from Shinjuku/Chiyoda Line)
柿生 1.9 23.4 To Tama Line  
鶴川 1.7 25.1   Machida Tokyo
玉川学園前 2.8 27.9  
町田 2.9 30.8 Yokohama Line
相模大野 1.5 32.3 Odakyū Enoshima Line (through to from Shinjuku/Machida) Minami-ku, Sagamihara Kanagawa
小田急相模原 2.4 34.7    
相武台前 2.2 36.9     Zama
座間 2.3 39.2    
海老名 3.3 42.5   Sagami Line
Sōtetsu Main Line
Ebina
厚木 1.6 44.1   Sagami Line
本厚木 1.3 45.4     Atsugi
愛甲石田 3.1 48.5    
伊勢原 3.7 52.2     Isehara
鶴巻温泉 3.7 55.9     Hadano
東海大学前 1.1 57.0    
秦野 4.7 61.7    
渋沢 3.9 65.6    
新松田 6.2 71.8   Gotemba Line () Matsuda,
Ashigarakami
District
開成 2.5 74.3         Kaisei,
Ashigarakami
District
栢山 1.9 76.2         Odawara
富水 1.6 77.8        
螢田 1.4 79.2        
足柄 1.6 80.8        
Odawara 小田原 1.7 82.5       Hakone Tozan Line (through to Hakone-Yumoto)
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Main Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Izuhakone Railway Daiyūzan Line

History

The Odawara Express Railway Co. opened the entire line on April 1, 1927 in order to allow for the Emperor's family to travel on the line, though as duplication works were not completed until October that year, there was initial timetable and signalling issues. Although primarily intended as a passenger line, gravel began to be hauled in 1930.

In 1942, the company was forcibly merged by the government with Tokyu Corporation and the line was named the Tokyu Odawara Line. Tokyu was broken up in 1948 and the line was transferred to the newly founded Odakyu Electric Railway Co.

Through operation to the Hakone Tozan Railway's Hakone Tozan Line began in 1950 once dual gauge track was commissioned (the Hakone Tozan Line is , the Odawara Line ). A connecting track was laid in 1955 to Matsuda Station on the Gotemba Line of the (then) Japanese National Railways, and limited express service through to the line started. To function as a bypass to central Tokyo, through service on the Eidan Subway (now Tokyo Metro) Chiyoda Line commenced in 1978 via Yoyogi-Uehara.

Increasing traffic volume since the 1970s led to plans being formed in 1985 for a track upgrading project on the Odawara Line, though land acquisition issues stalled major track expansion work until construction began in 2013;[1] the project is being carried out between Yoyogi-Uehara and Mukōgaoka-Yūen, quadrupling the Odawara Line trackage[2] and stacking the tracks underground, allowing for increased express services. Originally a viaduct was planned but this was changed to underground tracks, and work on the tunnel between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa is ongoing. In March 2013, Odakyū announced that the construction is projected to continue until 2018.[3]

Former connecting lines

  • Setagaya-Daita Station: A 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 1,500 V DC operated to Shindaita on the Keio Inokashira Line between 1945 and 1952.

See also

References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese WorldHeritage

  1. ^ Squires, G. Ed. Urban Sprawl: Causes, Consequences, & Policy Responses. The Urban Institute Press (2002)
  2. ^ Odakyu ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourc A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metropolitan region, metro area or just metro, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing: industry, infrastructure, and housing.[1]
  3. ^ Mark, M., Katz, B., Rahman, S., and Warren, D. MetroPolicy: Shaping A New Federal Partnership for a Metropolitan Nation. Brookings Institution: Metropolitan Policy Program Report. (2008). 4-103.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Prof. Dr. Iris Reuther (FG Stadt- und Regionalplanung, Universität Kassel): Presentation "Regiopole Rostock". 11 December 2008, retrieved 13 June 2009 (pdf).
  6. ^ Census.gov
  7. ^ Whitehouse.gov
  8. ^ 1217.0.55.001 - Glossary of Statistical Geography Terminology, 2003, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Greater Copenhagen
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Urbanaudit.org
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^ Source: Aerial view of istanbul
  21. ^ Türk Dil Kurumu, Yabancı Sözlere Karşılıklar Kılavuzu, "metropol"
  22. ^ Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey
  23. ^
  24. ^ The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as one or more adjacent counties or county equivalents that have at least one urban core area of at least 10,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties.
  25. ^ The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a Combined Statistical Area (CSA) as an aggregate of adjacent Core Based Statistical Areas that are linked by commuting ties.
  26. ^ The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a Metropolitan Statistical Area (μSA) as a Core Based Statistical Area having at least one urban cluster of at least 50,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties.
  27. ^ The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a Micropolitan Statistical Area (μSA) as a Core Based Statistical Area having at least one urban cluster of at least 10,000 but less than 50,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties.
  28. ^
  29. ^ China's urban population to reach 800 to 900 million by 2020: expert
  30. ^ 2011 Census - Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales, March 2011

External links

  • Official site (English)
  • Official site (Japanese)
  • Route map with English transliteration
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