World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Patriarch of All Bulgaria

 

Patriarch of All Bulgaria

Patriarch of All Bulgaria
Bishopric
orthodox
Incumbent:
Patriarch Neophyte
Style His Holiness the Patriarch of All Bulgaria and Metropolitan of Sofia
First incumbent Leontius I (Medieval)
Cyril (Modern)
Formation 919, 1953
Website .bgbg-patriarshia

The Patriarch of All Bulgaria is the Patriarch of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. The Bulgarian patriarchate was re-established in 1953. As of 2013 the patriarch is Neophyte of Bulgaria

Contents

  • History 1
    • Medieval era 1.1
    • Ottoman conquest 1.2
    • Modern era 1.3
  • References 2
  • See also 3

History

Medieval era

Following two decisive victories over the Byzantines at Achelous (near the present-day city of Burgas) and Katasyrtai (near Constantinople), the autonomous Bulgarian Archbishopric was proclaimed autocephalous and elevated to the rank of Patriarchate at an ecclesiastical and national council held in 919. After Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire signed in 927 a peace treaty concluding the incessant, almost 20-year-long war between them, the Patriarchate of Constantinople recognised the autocephalous status of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and acknowledged its patriarchal dignity.[1][2] Thus, the Bulgarian Patriarchate became the fifth autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church after the patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem. The seat of the Patriarchate was the new Bulgarian capital of Preslav although the Patriarch is likely to have resided in the town of Drastar (Silistra), an old Christian centre famous for its martyrs and Christian traditions.

Ottoman conquest

After the fall of Veliko Turnovo to the Ottomans in 1393 and the exile of Patriarch Evtimiy, the autocephalous church organization was destroyed. The Bulgarian diocese was again subordinated to the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Modern era

Conditions for the restoration of the Bulgarian Patriarchate were created after Neophyte of Bulgaria was elected as the new Patriarch.

References

  1. ^ [3] Kiminas, D. (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 15
  2. ^ [4] GENOV, R., & KALKANDJIEVA, D. (2007). Religion and Irreligion in Bulgaria: How Religious Are the Bulgarians? Religion and power in Europe: conflict and convergence, 257.
  3. ^ Daniela Kalkandjieva, 26. Balgarskata pravoslavna tsarkva i darzhavata, 1944-1953 [The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the State], (Sofia: Albatros, 1997).

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.