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Patriarch of All Bulgaria


Patriarch of All Bulgaria

Patriarch of All Bulgaria
Patriarch Neophyte
Style His Holiness the Patriarch of All Bulgaria and Metropolitan of Sofia
First incumbent Leontius I (Medieval)
Cyril (Modern)
Formation 919, 1953
Website .bgbg-patriarshia

The Patriarch of All Bulgaria is the Patriarch of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. The Bulgarian patriarchate was re-established in 1953. As of 2013 the patriarch is Neophyte of Bulgaria


  • History 1
    • Medieval era 1.1
    • Ottoman conquest 1.2
    • Modern era 1.3
  • References 2
  • See also 3


Medieval era

Following two decisive victories over the Byzantines at Achelous (near the present-day city of Burgas) and Katasyrtai (near Constantinople), the autonomous Bulgarian Archbishopric was proclaimed autocephalous and elevated to the rank of Patriarchate at an ecclesiastical and national council held in 919. After Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire signed in 927 a peace treaty concluding the incessant, almost 20-year-long war between them, the Patriarchate of Constantinople recognised the autocephalous status of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and acknowledged its patriarchal dignity.[1][2] Thus, the Bulgarian Patriarchate became the fifth autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church after the patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem. The seat of the Patriarchate was the new Bulgarian capital of Preslav although the Patriarch is likely to have resided in the town of Drastar (Silistra), an old Christian centre famous for its martyrs and Christian traditions.

Ottoman conquest

After the fall of Veliko Turnovo to the Ottomans in 1393 and the exile of Patriarch Evtimiy, the autocephalous church organization was destroyed. The Bulgarian diocese was again subordinated to the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Modern era

Conditions for the restoration of the Bulgarian Patriarchate were created after Neophyte of Bulgaria was elected as the new Patriarch.


  1. ^ [3] Kiminas, D. (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 15
  2. ^ [4] GENOV, R., & KALKANDJIEVA, D. (2007). Religion and Irreligion in Bulgaria: How Religious Are the Bulgarians? Religion and power in Europe: conflict and convergence, 257.
  3. ^ Daniela Kalkandjieva, 26. Balgarskata pravoslavna tsarkva i darzhavata, 1944-1953 [The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the State], (Sofia: Albatros, 1997).

See also

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