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Philip I, Latin Emperor

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Philip I, Latin Emperor

Seal of Philip of Courtenay

Philip, also Philip of Courtenay (1243 – 15 December 1283), was the recognised Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1273–1283, although he lived in exile and only held authority over Crusader States in Greece. He was born in Constantinople, the son of Baldwin II of Constantinople and Marie of Brienne.

In his youth, his father was forced to mortgage him to Venetian merchants to raise money for the support of his empire, which was lost to the Empire of Nicaea in 1261.

By the Treaty of Viterbo in 1267, his father agreed to marry him to Beatrice of Sicily, daughter of Charles I of Sicily and Beatrice of Provence. Her maternal grandparents were Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy.

The marriage was performed in October 1273 at Foggia; shortly thereafter, Baldwin died, and Philip inherited his claims on Constantinople. Although Philip was recognized as emperor by the Latin possessions in Greece, much of the actual authority devolved on the Angevin kings of Naples and Sicily. Philip and Beatrice had a daughter, Catherine (25 November 1274 – 11 October 1307, Paris). Philip died in Viterbo in 1283.

Ancestry

Delay-tolerant networking
Born: 1243 Died: 1283
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Baldwin II of Constantinople
— TITULAR —
Latin Emperor of Constantinople
1273–1283
Succeeded by
Catherine of Courtenay

References

  • Peter Lock, The Franks in the Aegean 1204–1500, New York, 1995.
  • Robert L. Wolff, "Mortgage and Redemption of an Emperor's Son: Castile and the Latin Empire of Constantinople", Speculum, 29 (1954), pp. 45-84


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