World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pierre Tirard

Article Id: WHEBN0024086627
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pierre Tirard  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charles de Freycinet, Charles Floquet, Alexandre Ribot, Minister of Commerce (France), List of Finance Ministers of France
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Pierre Tirard

Pierre Tirard
54th Prime Minister of France
In office
12 December 1887 – 3 April 1888
Preceded by Maurice Rouvier
Succeeded by Charles Floquet
56th Prime Minister of France
In office
22 February 1889 – 17 March 1890
Preceded by Charles Floquet
Succeeded by Charles de Freycinet
Personal details
Born 27 September 1827
Died 4 November 1893(1893-11-04) (aged 66)
Political party None

Pierre Emmanuel Tirard (French pronunciation: ​; 27 September 1827 – 4 November 1893) was a French politician.

Biography

He was born to French parents in Geneva, Switzerland. After studying in his native town, Tirard became a civil engineer. After five years of government service he resigned to become a jewel merchant. His determined opposition to the empire, culminating in 1869 in a campaign in favour of the radical candidate opposed to Ollivier, was rewarded by his election as mayor of the 11th arrondissement of Paris and as deputy for the Seine. Nominated a member of the Commune, he protested against the tyranny of the central committee, and escaped from Paris to resume his place among the extreme Left in the National Assembly at Versailles.

In 1876 he was returned for the 1st arrondissement of Paris to the Chamber of Deputies, and was re-elected next year. He specially devoted himself to finance, being for a short time president of the customs commission before his appointment as minister of agriculture and commerce in March 1879 in the Waddington cabinet. He held the same portfolio in the first Freycinet ministry (1879–1880) and in the Jules Ferry cabinet (1880–1881). He was minister of commerce in Freycinet's second cabinet (1882), of finance under E Duclerc (1882–1883), and under A Fallières (1883), retaining the same office in the second Jules Ferry ministry (1883–1885).

When General Boulanger. His refusal to proceed to the revision of the constitution of 1875 led to his defeat on 30 March 1888. He returned to power next year, and decided to bring Boulanger and his chief supporters before the High Court, but the general's flight effectively settled the question. He also arrested Philippe, Duke of Orleans, who had visited France in disguise. He resigned office on 15 March 1890 on the question of the Franco-Turkish commercial treaty. He replaced Maurice Rouvier in Alexandre Ribot's cabinet (1892–1893) as minister of finance, and died in Paris.

Tirard’s 1st Ministry, 12 December 1887 – 3 April 1888

Changes

Tirard’s 2nd Ministry, 22 February 1889 – 17 March 1890

Changes

  • 14 March 1889 – Jules François Émile Krantz succeeds Jaurès as Minister of Marine. Premier Tirard becomes Minister of the Colonies, in addition to Minister of Commerce and Industry.
  • 10 November 1889 – Édouard Barbey succeeds Krantz as Minister of Marine.
  • 1 March 1890 – Léon Bourgeois succeeds Constans as Minister of the Interior

References

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
Political offices
Preceded by
Maurice Rouvier
Prime Minister of France
1887–1888
Succeeded by
Charles Floquet
Preceded by
Charles Floquet
Prime Minister of France
1889–1890
Succeeded by
Charles de Freycinet


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.