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Pityriasis amiantacea

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Pityriasis amiantacea

Pityriasis amiantacea
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 L44.8 (ILDS L44.870)

Pityriasis amiantacea (also known as "Tinea amiantacea") is an eczematous condition of the scalp resulting in hair loss in which thick tenaciously adherent scale infiltrates and surrounds the base of a group of scalp hairs.[1]:647

Pityriasis amiantacea was first described by Alibert in 1832.[2] Pityriasis amiantacea affects the scalp as shiny asbestos-like (amiantaceus) thick scales attached in layers to the hair shaft.[3] The scales surround and bind down tufts of hair.[4] The condition can be localised or covering over the entire scalp. Temporary alopecia and scarring alopecia may occur due to repeated removal of hairs attached to the scale. It is a rare disease with a female predilection.[4]

Pityriasis amiantacea can easily be misdiagnosed due its close resemblance to other scalp diseases such as psoriasis, seborrhoeic dermatitis or lichen planus. However in pityriasis amiantacea the scales are attached to both the hair shaft and the scalp. Pityriasis amiantacea may be present with other inflammatory conditions such as atopic dermatitis or seborrhoeic dermatitis and sebaceous scales and alopecia can occur. According to the dermatology text Bolognia [5] this condition is most often seen in psoriasis, but may also be seen in secondarily infected atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and tinea capitis.

Treatment

The bacteria staphylococci are present in the majority of cases.[3] Treatment with systemic antibiotics and coal tar shampoo can completely clear the condition when Staphyloccus aureus bacteria are found.[4] Fungal infections such as tinea capitis are known to mimic the symptoms of the condition [6] and can be cleared with antifungal treatment.

See also

References

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