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Plato of Bactria

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Title: Plato of Bactria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Eucratides I, 166 BC, 160s BC deaths, Greco-Bactrian kings, Tiberius Julius Synges
Collection: 160S Bc Deaths, 166 Bc, 166 Bc Deaths, 2Nd-Century Bc Asian Rulers, Greco-Bactrian Kings, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Plato of Bactria

Coin of Plato.
Obv: Diademed bust of Plato.
Rev: Sun divinity Helios, riding a four-horse chariot. Greek legend: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΠΛΑΤΩΝΟΣ (BASILEOS EPIPHANOYS PLATONOS) "Of King Plato, God-manifest".

Plato (Greek: Πλάτων) was a Greco-Bactrian king who reigned for a short time in southern Bactria or the Paropamisade during the mid 2nd century BCE. The style of Plato's coins suggests that he was a relative — most likely a brother since Plato is a middle-aged man on his coins — of Eucratides the Great, whose rise to power is dated to around 170–165 BCE.

Some of Plato's coins have inscriptions which may be possibly be interpreted as dates using the Indo-Greek era which started around 186 BCE. In that case Plato ruled around 140 BCE. This matches the dating given by numismatician Bopearachchi, who places Plato between 145–140 BCE, since his coins are not found in the ruins of Ai Khanoum, a Bactrian city which was destroyed during the reign of Eucratides.

Preceded by:
Eucratides I?
Greco-Bactrian Ruler
(Bactria or its tributaries)
Succeeded by:
Eucratides II?

See also


  • "The Shape of Ancient Thought. Comparative studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies" by Thomas McEvilley (Allworth Press and the School of Visual Arts, 2002) ISBN 1-58115-203-5
  • "Buddhism in Central Asia" by B. N. Puri (Motilal Banarsidass Pub, January 1, 2000) ISBN 81-208-0372-8
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