World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

Article Id: WHEBN0000280893
Reproduction Date:

Title: Prince Edward, Duke of Kent  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of honours of the British Royal Family by country, Prince George, Duke of Kent, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Duke of Kent, Prince Michael of Kent
Collection: 1935 Births, Alumni of Institut Le Rosey, British Field Marshals, Dukes of Kent, English Freemasons, Graduates of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Grand Commanders of the Order of Saints George and Constantine, Grand Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, Grand Masters of the United Grand Lodge of England, House of Windsor, Knights Grand Band of the Order of the Star of Africa, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav, Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Knights of the Garter, Living People, Members of the Order of Tri Shakti Patta, First Class, Order of Charles Xiii, People Associated with the University of Surrey, People Educated at Eton College, People Educated at Ludgrove School, People from Westminster, Presidents of the British Computer Society, Presidents of the British Science Association, Presidents of the Football Association, Princes of the United Kingdom, Recipients of the Canadian Forces Decoration, Recipients of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance, Royal Air Force Air Marshals, Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Officers, Royal Scots Greys Officers, Stroke Survivors
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

Prince Edward
Duke of Kent (more)
Born (1935-10-09) 9 October 1935
3 Belgrave Square, London
Spouse Katharine Worsley
(m. 1961)
Issue George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Lady Helen Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor
Full name
Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick[notes 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince George, Duke of Kent
Mother Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent
Religion Church of England

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Queen Mary. He has held the title of Duke of Kent since 1942.

The Duke of Kent carries out royal duties on behalf of his first cousin, Elizabeth II. He is perhaps best known as President of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, presenting the trophies to the Wimbledon champion and runner-up. He also served as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment, retiring in 2001. He is also the President of the Scout Association, the Royal United Services Institute, and the Royal Institution of Great Britain, and since 1967 Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England. The Duke of Kent is also Patron of the IAM (Institute of Advanced Motorists) an independent road safety charity which specialises in training and advice for post-licence drivers and riders.

At the time of his birth, Prince Edward was seventh in the 7th Earl of Harewood in 2011, he became the Queen's oldest living paternal cousin, although he is nine years younger than the Queen herself.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Education 2
  • Duke of Kent 3
  • Military service 4
  • Marriage, issue, and personal life 5
  • Royal duties 6
  • Freemasonry 7
  • Scouting 8
  • Patronages 9
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 10
    • Titles and styles 10.1
      • Military ranks 10.1.1
    • Honours 10.2
      • Appointments 10.2.1
      • Military appointments 10.2.2
    • Arms 10.3
  • Issue 11
  • Ancestry 12
  • Notes 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

Early life

Prince Edward was born on 9 October 1935, at No. 3 Mary of Teck. His mother was Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (née Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark), the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, and Grand Duchess Yelena Vladimirovna of Russia. As a grandson of a British sovereign in the male line, he was styled as a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent.

The Prince was baptised in the Private Chapel of Prince of Wales (his paternal uncle); the Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood (his paternal aunt); the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (his great-great-uncle, whose son, Prince Arthur of Connaught, stood proxy); the Duchess of Argyll (his great-great-aunt); and Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (his maternal grandfather).[2]

Education

Prince Edward began his schooling at Ludgrove, a preparatory school in Berkshire, before going on to Eton College and then Le Rosey in Switzerland. After school he entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst where he won the Sir James Moncrieff Grierson prize for foreign languages.

Prince Edward speaks fluent French.

Duke of Kent

The Duke and Duchess of Kent on the balcony of Buckingham Palace at the 2013 Trooping the Colour.

On 25 August 1942, Prince Edward's father, the Duke of Kent, was killed when his plane crashed in bad weather in Caithness. Prince Edward, who was almost 7, succeeded his father as Duke of Kent,[3] Earl of St Andrews and Baron Downpatrick. He later took his seat in the House of Lords in 1959.

As a member of the royal family, he began performing royal duties at an early age. At the age of 16, he walked behind the coffin of his uncle, state funeral in 1952. In 1953, he attended the coronation of his cousin, Elizabeth II, paying homage at her throne after her crowning (following the Dukes of Edinburgh and Gloucester).

Military service

A 1989 photograph of the Duke of Kent,
by Allan Warren
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Years of service 1955–1976
Rank Field Marshal
Service number 443787
Unit Royal Scots Greys

The Duke of Kent graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 29 July 1955 as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Greys,[4] the beginning of a military career that would last over 20 years. He was promoted to captain on 29 July 1961.[5] The Duke of Kent saw service in Hong Kong from 1962–63 and later served on the staff in Eastern Command. He was promoted to Major on 31 December 1967.[6] Later in 1970, the Duke commanded a squadron of his regiment serving in the British Sovereign Base Area in Cyprus, part of the UN force enforcing peace between the Greek and Turkish halves of the island. He was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 30 June 1973.[7] The Duke retired from the Army on 15 April 1976.[8] He was subsequently promoted Major-General on 11 June 1983[9] and Field Marshal on 11 June 1993.[10]

Marriage, issue, and personal life

The Duke of Kent married Katharine, Duchess of Kent, the latter the typical style of a divorced or widowed peeress, which she is not. However she remains legally HRH The Duchess of Kent.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent have three living children, none of whom carries out royal duties:

The Duchess of Kent converted to Catholicism in 1994.[11] Because this conversion did not occur until many years after their marriage, it did not cause the Duke to lose his place in the line of succession, as the Act of Settlement 1701 only applies where the spouse is a Catholic at the time of marriage. The couple's son Lord Nicholas also converted to Catholicism following his mother's example.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent reside at Wren House, Kensington Palace, in London.[12]

The Duke had a mild stroke on the morning of 18 March 2013.[11]

Royal duties

The Duke of Kent has performed royal duties on behalf of his cousin, the Queen, for over 50 years. The Duke has represented the Queen during independence celebrations in the former British colonies of Sierra Leone, Uganda, Guyana, Gambia and most recently Ghana, for its 50th independence anniversary celebration. He has also acted as Counsellor of State during periods of the Queen's absence abroad.

One of the Duke's major public roles for many years was Vice-Chairman of British Trade International, and later as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment. This position saw the Duke travel abroad to represent the British government in fostering trade relations with foreign countries and organisations.

He also serves as the president of the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, a position he succeeded from his late mother, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. His other roles include President of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the RAF Benevolent Fund, the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the Stroke Association, RUSI, the Royal Institution, and patron of St Mungo's Broadway, benefiting the homeless. He also makes the final decision in the award of the Mountbatten Medal.

For almost 29 years, the Duke has been the patron of Endeavour, a national youth organisation. He has also served as Royal Bencher of The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn since 2001, a position previously occupied by his father.

Freemasonry

On 16 December 1963, the Duke was initiated into Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16 and into Freemasonry.[13] He is the 10th Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, the governing body of Freemasonry in England and Wales. He has served in that office since 1967, thus being the longest serving Grand Master.[14] In December 2013, he celebrated 50 years as a freemason.[13]

Scouting

The Duke has served as the President of The Scout Association since 1975.[15] Along with Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, visited the Centenary World Scout Jamboree at Hylands Park, Chelmsford in July 2007.

Patronages

The Duke of Kent is patron of a number of organisations active in the fields of charity, health and the arts. These include:

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 9 October 1935 – 25 August 1942: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent
  • 25 August 1942 – : His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent

The Duke's current full style is Field Marshal His Royal Highness Prince Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick, Duke of Kent, Earl of Saint Andrews and Baron Downpatrick, Royal Knight of the Most Noble Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty.

Military ranks

Honours

See also List of honours of the British Royal Family by country

Orders
Decorations
Medals

Foreign Honours

Appointments

Personal
Academic

Military appointments

Appointments
Canada
United Kingdom

Arms

Arms of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Notes
As a descendant of George V, the Duke of Kent's arms are based on the Royal Arms. The following explains the way in which his arms are differenced from those of the Queen.
Coronet
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign
Crest
On the coronet of children of other sons of the Sovereign, composed of four crosses-patées alternated with four strawberry leaves a lion statant guardant or, crowned with the like coronet and differenced with a label as in the Arms.
Supporters
The Royal Supporters differenced with the like coronet and label.
Orders
The Order of the Garter ribbon.
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
(Shame be to him who thinks evil of it)
Other elements
The Royal Arms differenced by a label of five points argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a blue anchor, and the second and fourth points with a red cross.
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.

Issue

Name Birth Marriage Issue
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews 26 June 1962 9 January 1988 Sylvana Tomaselli Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
Lady Helen Taylor 28 April 1964 18 July 1992 Timothy Taylor Columbus Taylor
Cassius Taylor
Eloise Taylor
Estella Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor 25 July 1970 4 November 2006 Paola Doimi de Lupis de Frankopan Albert Windsor
Leopold Windsor
Louis Windsor

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ As a member of the royal family, Edward needs no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor.

References

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34206. p. 6371. 9 October 1935. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  2. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings
  3. ^ "Duke of Kent, 77, suffers mini-stroke". Herald Scotland. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41137. p. 4492. 30 July 1957. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42422. p. 5561. 28 July 1961. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44493. p. 75. 2 January 1968. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46046. p. 9389. 7 August 1973. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46877. p. 5659. 20 April 1976. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  9. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49392. p. 8191. 21 June 1983. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53342. p. 10183. 21 June 1993. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  11. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon (21 March 2013). "Duke of Kent being treated in hospital after 'mild’ stroke". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Royal residences: Kensington Palace". 
  13. ^ a b "Grand Master celebrates 50 years in the Craft at Royal Alpha Lodge". Freemasonry Today. Grand Lodge Publications. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "HRH The Duke of Kent KG, GCMG, GCVO, ADC// Grand Master". UGLE. January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 25 July 2008. 
  16. ^ http://www.britishgermanassociation.org/british-german-association-bga/who-we-are/
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40593. p. 5427. 27 September 1955. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41137. p. 4492. 30 July 1957. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42422. p. 5561. 28 July 1961. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44493. p. 75. 2 January 1968. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46046. p. 9389. 7 August 1973. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46877. p. 5659. 20 April 1976. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53342. p. 10183. 15 June 1993. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  24. ^ "Svenska Frimurare Orden". Archive. 25 June 2001. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  25. ^ Duke of Kent awarded Saxonian Order of Merit
  26. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47235. p. 7119. 11 June 1977. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53555. p. 1087. 25 January 1994. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53267. p. 6179. 6 April 1993. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50204. p. 10113. 23 July 1985. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54453. p. 8917. 1 July 1996. Retrieved 1 July 2009.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Kent
  • Royal.gov.uk – The Duke of Kent
  • The United Grand Lodge of England – HRH The Duke of Kent, KG, GCMG, GCVO, ADC (Grand Master)
  • Article on Birth of Prince EdwardTime
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Born: 9 October 1935
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Rufus Gilman
Line of succession to the British Throne
son of George V
Succeeded by
Earl of St Andrews
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Prince George
Duke of Kent
2nd creation
25 August 1942 – present
Incumbent
Heir-apparent:
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Gloucester
Gentlemen
HRH The Duke of Kent
Succeeded by
Prince Michael of Kent
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England
1967 – present
Incumbent
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Alexander of Tunis
Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George
1967 – present
Incumbent
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.