World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Richard Neile

The Most Reverend
Richard Neile
Archbishop of York
Installed 1631
Term ended 1640
Predecessor Samuel Harsnett
Successor John Williams
Personal details
Born 1562
Died 31 October 1640[1]
Nationality British
Denomination Church of England
Alma mater St. John's College, Cambridge

Richard Neile (1562–1640) was an English churchman, bishop successively of six English dioceses, more than any other man, including the Archdiocese of York from 1631 until his death. He was involved in the last burning at the stake for heresy in England, that of the Arian Edward Wightman in 1612.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Bishop 2
  • Family 3
  • References 4

Early life

He was son of a tallow-chandler, though his grandfather had been a courtier and official under Henry VIII, until he was deprived for non-compliance with the Six Articles. He was educated at Westminster School, under Edward Grant and William Camden. He was sent by Mildred, Lady Burghley, on the recommendation of Gabriel Goodman to St John's College, Cambridge,[2] as a poor scholar, admitted scholar on 22 April 1580, and matriculated on 18 May. He continued to enjoy the patronage of the Burghley family, residing in their household, and became chaplain to Lord Burghley, and later to his son Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury. He took the degree of doctor in divinity in 1600.[3]

He preached before Queen Elizabeth, and became vicar of Cheshunt, Hertfordshire (resigned in 1609), and on 5 November 1605 he was installed Dean of Westminster. He resigned the deanery in 1610.[3]

Bishop

He held successively the bishoprics of Rochester (1608), Lichfield and Coventry (1610), Lincoln (1614), Durham (1617), and Winchester (1628), and the archbishopric of York (1631).

While at Rochester he appointed William Laud as his chaplain and gave him several valuable preferments. His political activity while bishop of Durham was rewarded with a privy councillorship in 1627. Neile sat regularly in the courts of Star Chamber and High Commission. His correspondence with Laud and with Sir Dudley Carleton and Sir Francis Windebank (Charles I's secretaries of state) are valuable sources for the history of the time.

Oliver Cromwell made only one speech during his first stint as a Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in the Parliament of 1628–1629, a poorly received attack against Neile, possibly over disagreement with his form of Arminianism.[4]

Family

Neile was the father of Sir Paul Neile, astronomer and politician, and grandfather of William Neile, mathematician.[5]

References

  1. ^ Frederick Maurice Powicke, E. B. Fryde. Handbook of British Chronology. Second Edition, London, 1961, p. 265.
  2. ^ "Neale, Richard (NL580R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ a b  "Neile, Richard".  
  4. ^ Morrill, pp.25–26.
  5. ^  "Neile, William".  
  • Morrill, John (1990). "The Making of Oliver Cromwell", in Morrill, John (ed.), Oliver Cromwell and the English Revolution (Longman), ISBN 0-582-01675-4.
Attribution
  •  
  •  
Church of England titles
Preceded by
William Barlow
Bishop of Rochester
1608–1610
Succeeded by
John Buckeridge
Preceded by
George Abbot
Bishop of Lichfield
1610–1614
Succeeded by
John Overal
Preceded by
William Barlow
Bishop of Lincoln
1614–1617
Succeeded by
George Montaigne
Preceded by
William James
Prince-Bishop of Durham
1617–1628
Preceded by
Lancelot Andrewes
Bishop of Winchester
1628–1631
Succeeded by
Walter Curle
Preceded by
Samuel Harsnett
Archbishop of York
1631–1640
Succeeded by
John Williams
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Somerset
Lord Lieutenant of Durham
1617–1627
Vacant
Title next held by
John Howson
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.