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Robert Reid, 1st Earl Loreburn

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Robert Reid, 1st Earl Loreburn

The Right Honourable
The Earl Loreburn
GCMG PC QC
Lord Chancellor
In office
10 December 1905 – 10 June 1912
Monarch Edward VII
George V
Prime Minister Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Preceded by The Earl of Halsbury
Succeeded by The Viscount Haldane
Personal details
Born 3 April 1846 (1846-04-03)
Corfu Town, Corfu, United States of the Ionian Islands
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.
Walmer, Kent
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Emily Fleming (d. 1904)
(2) Violet Hicks-Beach
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Robert Threshie Reid, 1st Earl Loreburn GCMG, PC, QC (3 April 1846 – 30 November 1923) was a British lawyer, judge and radical[1] Liberal politician. He served as Lord Chancellor between 1905 and 1912.

Contents

  • Background and education 1
  • Political career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Background and education

Born in Corfu, the largest city on the island of the same name, Loreburn was the son of Sir James John Reid, Chief Justice of the Ionian Islands, at the time a British proctectorate. His mother was Mary, daughter of Robert Threshie. Loreburn was educated at Cheltenham College and Balliol College, Oxford. While at Oxford, he represented the Oxford University Cricket Club in fifteen first-class matches as a wicket-keeper, spanning from 1865 to 1868.[2] He remained involved in cricket for many years after, with appearances for the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and Herefordshire at lower levels of the sport, amongst other sides.[3]

Political career

Loreburn's national political career began in 1880, when he was elected to the

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Arbuthnot
Evan Pateshall
Member of Parliament for Hereford
2-seat constituency until 1885

18801885
With: Joseph Pulley
Succeeded by
Joseph Pulley
Preceded by
Ernest Noel
Member of Parliament for Dumfries Burghs
1886–1905
Succeeded by
John Gulland
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir John Rigby
Solicitor General
1894
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Finlay
Preceded by
Sir John Rigby
Attorney General
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Webster
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Halsbury
Lord Chancellor
1905–1912
Succeeded by
The Lord Haldane
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl Loreburn
1911–1923
Extinct
Baron Loreburn
1906–1923
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert Reid
  •  "Loreburn, Robert Threshie Reid, 1st Earl".  

External links

  • The Anglo-French Entente
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerages
  1. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=1vY8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA24&dq=lord+loreburn+radical+liberal&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-nyZVavKBMrW7AabirXwAg&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=lord%20loreburn%20radical%20liberal&f=false
  2. ^ Robert Reid – CricketArchive. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  3. ^ Teams Robert Reid played for – CricketArchive. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26536. p. 4299. 27 July 1894.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27141. p. 8181. 5 December 1899.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27873. p. 187. 9 January 1906.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28514. p. 5349. 18 July 1911.
  8. ^ Fenwick, Mrs Bedford (ed.) (19 January 1918). "Editorial: Woman Suffrage Assured" (PDF). The British Journal of Nursing (London: The Nursing Press) LX (1555): p. 35. Retrieved 30 November 2009. 

References

Lord Loreburn married firstly Emily, daughter of A. C. Fleming, in 1871. After her death in August 1904 he married secondly Violet Elizabeth, daughter of William Frederick Hicks-Beach, in 1907. There were no children from either marriage. Lord Loreburn died on 30 November 1923, aged 77, when his titles became extinct.

Personal life

In January 1918, the House of Lords came to consider the Bill which went on to become the Representation of the People Act 1918, for the first time introducing a limited women's suffrage. Loreburn moved an amendment to delete from the Bill the sections which would give the vote to women, but the Lords were not persuaded and on a division the amendment was lost by 134 votes against to 71 in favour.[8]

My differences with you have always been this, you have been an Imperialist "au fond" and always in my opinion it is quite impossible to reconcile Imperialism with the Liberal creed which we professed, and on the force of which we received the support of the country. In this way we became hopelessly estranged on the greatest of all issues.

He was created Earl Loreburn on 4 July 1911.[7] Unfortunately, Lord Loreburn's health began declining, and in the summer of 1912, he resigned his Lord Chancellorship. In a parting, "valedictory" letter to Lord Haldane, he wrote:

In 1908, Asquith became Prime Minister, and Churchill, and Haldane thought they could force the rest of the Cabinet into their eventual goals, but they were sorely mistaken. The five Imperialists had met secretly on 23 August 1911, and when certain Cabinet members found out, they were furious. Reginald McKenna had recently been deprived of his position as First Lord of the Admiralty for refusing to provide military aid to the French, and he led the majority (whose members included Loreburn, McKenna, Colonial Secretary Lewis Vernon Harcourt, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Jack Pease) in "a strong line about Cabinet supremacy over all other bodies in the matter of sea and land defence". Lord Esher wrote, "There has been a serious crisis. Fifteen members of the Cabinet against five. The Entente is decidedly imperilled."

During the 1900s and 1910s, many Liberal politicians took up the ideology of Liberal Imperialism, led by the Chancellor of the Exchequer (H. H. Asquith), the Secretary of State for War (Richard Haldane) and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey). This triumvirate of politicians was strongly in favour of an entente with France, along with the creation of a British Expeditionary Force, in the event of a war between France and Germany. These three politicians made their views known, and when Campbell-Bannerman appointed his cabinet, he appointed Loreburn Lord Chancellor as a counter to the Liberal Imperialists.

Caricature by Spy in Vanity Fair, 1895

[6], of Dumfries in the County of Dumfries.Baron Loreburn On his appointment he was raised to the peerage as Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman under Lord Chancellor He left the House of Commons in 1905, though, and became [5]

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