World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rudolph II, Duke of Austria

Article Id: WHEBN0003530740
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rudolph II, Duke of Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Austria, Rudolph I of Germany, Agnes of Habsburg, Gertrude of Hohenburg, Catherine of Habsburg, Hedwig of Habsburg
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Rudolph II, Duke of Austria


Rudolph II of Austria (1270 – May 10, 1290), the youngest son of King Rudolph of Habsburg and Gertrude of Hohenburg to survive infancy, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 until 1283, jointly with his elder brother Albert I, who succeeded him.

In December 1282 King Rudolph vested his sons with the Austrian and Styrian duchies, which he had seized for the House of Habsburg from King Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1276. However, in the Treaty of Rheinfelden on June 1, 1283 Rudolph II had to relinquish his share in favour of his brother Albert. In compensation his father King Rudolph appointed him "Duke of Swabia" - more or less an honorific title, as the former stem duchy had been in long-term disarray after the last Hohenstaufen duke, the underage Conradin, was killed in 1268. In Swabia the former Counts of Habsburg only held various smaller home territories, later summed up as Further Austria, of which Rudolph II never actually got hold.

In the course of the reconciliation process with the Přemyslid dynasty, Rudolph II in 1289 married Agnes of Bohemia, daughter of King Ottokar II and Kunigunda of Slavonia. They had one son John. Rudolph died suddenly at Prague, where he stayed at the court of his brother-in-law King Wenceslaus II, in the same year his son was born, at the age of 20.

His brother's failure to ensure that Rudolf would be adequately compensated for relinquishing his claim on the throne caused strife in the Habsburg dynasty, leading to the assassination of Albert I by Rudolph's son John "Parricida" in 1308.

Ancestry

Rudolf II, Duke of Austria
Born: 1270 Died: 10 May 1290
Preceded by
Rudolph I
Duke of Austria and Styria
with Albert I

1282-1283
Succeeded by
Albert I
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.