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Ryazanskaya Oblast', Russia

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Ryazanskaya Oblast', Russia

Ryazan Oblast
Рязанская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 54°24′N 40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600Coordinates: 54°24′N 40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Administrative center Ryazan
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Oleg Kovalyov[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 39,600 km2 (15,289.6 sq mi)
Area rank 58th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,154,114
 - Rank 45th
 - Density[6] 29.14 /km2 (75.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 70.9%
 - Rural 29.1%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-RYA
License plates 62
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Ryazan Oblast (Russian: Ряза́нская о́бласть, Ryazanskaya oblast [rʲɪˈzanskəjə ˈobləstʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is the oblast's largest city. Population: 1,154,114 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography

Ryazan Oblast borders Vladimir Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (NE), the Republic of Mordovia (E), Penza Oblast (SE), Tambov Oblast (S), Lipetsk Oblast (SW), Tula Oblast (W), and Moscow Oblast (NW). Ryazan Oblastis located in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with a highest point of no more 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black earths (Chernozyom).

History

As early as 1096, Ryazan had the status of a country, but the name of its capital appears only in the Nikonov chronicle. The first Olgovsky Uspensky Monastery, one of the oldest in Russia, was built in Ryazan land in the 12th century. A new round of history began in 1198, when the Murom-Ryazan principality left the jurisdiction of the Chernigov bishopric (eparchy) and became an independent eparchy with its seat in Ryazan.


In the 13th century, the principality was centered in the middle reaches of the Oka River and lasted for a considerable time. In the words of historian D. Ilovaisky, "The Ryazan principality was the most warlike and restive branch of the house of Rurik". The Russians who began settling the right bank of the Oka in the 10th century were faced with the onslaught of nomadic cattle-herding tribes that repeatedly invaded the forests from the south.

The most dramatic events in the history of the grand princedom are linked with the name of Oleg II of Ryazan, at a time when it cherished the hope of being Moscow's equal. This was in the 14th century, in the time of Dmitry Donskoy, when what is now Ryazan (called Pereslavl-Ryazansky at the time) had already become the capital of Ryazan land. As far as Moscow was concerned, late Muscovite chronicles invariably portrayed Oleg II as a bitter enemy who had betrayed the common Russian cause. From the chronicles of 1350-1402, it is clear that the Ryazan principality acquired real power under Prince Oleg Ivanovich Ryazansky, who had a great advantage over the Muscovite princes in governing the principality. In 1778, the Pereslavl-Ryazansky received the shorter name of Ryazan by Decree of Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great).

Administrative divisions

Economy

Ryazan Oblast is part of the Central economic region. The Oblast is in an economically favorable geographical location owing to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agrarian Oblast. The foundations of agriculture in the oblast are livestock farming and plant cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the oblast.

Transportation

  • Solotchinskoye peat narrow gauge railway is located in Ryazansky District
  • Mesherskoye peat narrow gauge railway is located in Klepikovsky District

Demographics

'Population: Template:Ru-census2010 1,227,910 (2002 Census);[9] 1,345,924 (1989 Census).[10]

2012
  • Births: 12 351 (10.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 18 723 (16.3 per 1000) [11]
  • Total fertility rate:

2009 - 1.42 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.45 |[12] 2012 - 1.54(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Russians - 95.1%
  • Ukrainians - 0.8%
  • Armenians - 0.5%
  • Mordvins - 0.5%
  • Tatars - 0.5%
  • Azeris - 0.4%
  • Uzbeks - 0.3%
  • Others - 1.9%
  • 74,419 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[13]

Religion

Template:Pie chart According to a 2012 official survey[14] 63% of the population of Ryazan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 1% are Muslims, and 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 15% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[14]

See also

References

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